Key PointsQuestionWhat are the spatial and temporal trends in mortality due to lower respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, HIV/AIDS, meningitis, hepatitis, and tuberculosis among US counties from 1980 to 2014? FindingsIn this study that applied small-area estimation models to deidentified death records from the National Center for Health Statistics, overall mortality due to infectious diseases decreased from 42.95 to 34.10 deaths per 100 000 persons, but with substantial variation among counties. The only category of infectious diseases to increase over this time was diarrheal diseases (from 0.41 to 2.41 deaths per 100 000 persons). MeaningBetween 1980 and 2014, there were declines in mortality from most categories of infectious disease, but an increase in mortality for diarrheal diseases; however, there were large differences among US counties.
JAMA – American Medical Association
Published: Mar 27, 2018
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