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Transactional Disqualification: Research on the Double Bind

Transactional Disqualification: Research on the Double Bind Abstract THIS is a report on some theoretical and technical contributions to the investigation of the double bind; they are the product of an ongoing research project on communication in the families of schizophrenic patients. The purposes of the present paper are to describe a researchable elaboration of the double bind theory, specifying the minimum level of complexity deemed necessary for such a communicational study and suggesting a method of breaking the data into units which are neither meaninglessly isolated nor too complex to be handled. Having proposed disqualification as an operational component of the overall double bind pattern, we will identify, define, and illustrate some varieties of what will be called transactional disqualification and emphasize another equally essential component, the response of the "victim." The Double Bind Hypothesis In essence, we will describe disqualification as one, but definitely not the only, References 1. Although these instructions are in one sense purely mechanical, they convey the interviewer's opinion that the patient should speak up and be heard. Thus the patient does not have the option to withdraw temporarily into mumbling or silence, since the interviewer has, in effect, closed that possibility. 2. Bateson, G., et al: Toward a Theory of Schizophrenia , Behav Sci 1:251-264, 1956.Crossref 3. Watzlawick, P.: Paradoxical Predictions , Psychiatry 28:368-374, 1965. 4. Lu, Y.C.: Contradictory Parental Expectations in Schizophrenia , Arch Gen Psychiat 6:219-234, 1962.Crossref 5. Weakland, J., and Jackson, D.D.: Patient and Therapist Observations on the Circumstances of a Schizophrenic Episode , Arch Neurol Psychiat 79:554-574, 1958.Crossref 6. Weakland, J.: " The Double-Bind Hypothesis of Schizophrenia and Three-Party Interaction ," in Jackson, D.D. (ed.): The Etiology of Schizophrenia , New York: Basic Books Inc., 1960. 7. Haley, J.: The Family of the Schizophrenic: A Model System , J Nerv Ment Dis 129:357-374, 1959.Crossref 8. Weakland, J., and Fry, W.F., Jr.: Letters of Mothers of Schizophrenics , Amer J Orthopsychiat 32:604-623, 1962.Crossref 9. Laing, R.D.: " Mystification, Confusion and Conflict ," in Boszormenyi-Nagy, I., and Framo, J.L. (eds.): Intensive Family Therapy: Theoretical and Practical Aspects , New York: Harper and Row, Publishers Inc., 1965, pp 343-363. 10. Watzlawick, P.; Beavin, J.; and Jackson, D.D.: Pragmatics of Human Communications: A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies and Paradoxes, to be published. 11. Lidz, T., et al: " Schism and Skew in the Families of Schizophrenics ," in Bell, N.W., and Vogel, E.F. (eds.): A Modern Introduction to the Family , Glencoe, Ill: Free Press of Glencoe, Inc., 1960, pp 595-607. 12. Scheflen, A.E.: " Stream and Structure of Communicational Behavior: Context Analysis of a Psychotherapy Session ," Behavioral Studies Monograph No. 1 , Philadelphia: Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute, 1965. 13. Bateson, G.: A Theory of Play and Fantasy , Psychiat Res Rep Amer Psychiat Assoc 2:39-51, 1955. 14. Haley, J.: Paradoxes in Play, Fantasy, and Psychotherapy , Psychiat Res Rep Amer Psychiat Assoc 2:52-58, 1955. 15. Haley, J.: Strategies of Psychotherapy , New York: Grune & Stratton Inc., 1963. 16. Fry, W.F., Jr.: Sweet Madness: A Study of Humor , Palo Alto, Calif: Pacific Books, 1963. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of General Psychiatry American Medical Association

Transactional Disqualification: Research on the Double Bind

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1967 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-990X
eISSN
1598-3636
DOI
10.1001/archpsyc.1967.01730220106014
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract THIS is a report on some theoretical and technical contributions to the investigation of the double bind; they are the product of an ongoing research project on communication in the families of schizophrenic patients. The purposes of the present paper are to describe a researchable elaboration of the double bind theory, specifying the minimum level of complexity deemed necessary for such a communicational study and suggesting a method of breaking the data into units which are neither meaninglessly isolated nor too complex to be handled. Having proposed disqualification as an operational component of the overall double bind pattern, we will identify, define, and illustrate some varieties of what will be called transactional disqualification and emphasize another equally essential component, the response of the "victim." The Double Bind Hypothesis In essence, we will describe disqualification as one, but definitely not the only, References 1. Although these instructions are in one sense purely mechanical, they convey the interviewer's opinion that the patient should speak up and be heard. Thus the patient does not have the option to withdraw temporarily into mumbling or silence, since the interviewer has, in effect, closed that possibility. 2. Bateson, G., et al: Toward a Theory of Schizophrenia , Behav Sci 1:251-264, 1956.Crossref 3. Watzlawick, P.: Paradoxical Predictions , Psychiatry 28:368-374, 1965. 4. Lu, Y.C.: Contradictory Parental Expectations in Schizophrenia , Arch Gen Psychiat 6:219-234, 1962.Crossref 5. Weakland, J., and Jackson, D.D.: Patient and Therapist Observations on the Circumstances of a Schizophrenic Episode , Arch Neurol Psychiat 79:554-574, 1958.Crossref 6. Weakland, J.: " The Double-Bind Hypothesis of Schizophrenia and Three-Party Interaction ," in Jackson, D.D. (ed.): The Etiology of Schizophrenia , New York: Basic Books Inc., 1960. 7. Haley, J.: The Family of the Schizophrenic: A Model System , J Nerv Ment Dis 129:357-374, 1959.Crossref 8. Weakland, J., and Fry, W.F., Jr.: Letters of Mothers of Schizophrenics , Amer J Orthopsychiat 32:604-623, 1962.Crossref 9. Laing, R.D.: " Mystification, Confusion and Conflict ," in Boszormenyi-Nagy, I., and Framo, J.L. (eds.): Intensive Family Therapy: Theoretical and Practical Aspects , New York: Harper and Row, Publishers Inc., 1965, pp 343-363. 10. Watzlawick, P.; Beavin, J.; and Jackson, D.D.: Pragmatics of Human Communications: A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies and Paradoxes, to be published. 11. Lidz, T., et al: " Schism and Skew in the Families of Schizophrenics ," in Bell, N.W., and Vogel, E.F. (eds.): A Modern Introduction to the Family , Glencoe, Ill: Free Press of Glencoe, Inc., 1960, pp 595-607. 12. Scheflen, A.E.: " Stream and Structure of Communicational Behavior: Context Analysis of a Psychotherapy Session ," Behavioral Studies Monograph No. 1 , Philadelphia: Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute, 1965. 13. Bateson, G.: A Theory of Play and Fantasy , Psychiat Res Rep Amer Psychiat Assoc 2:39-51, 1955. 14. Haley, J.: Paradoxes in Play, Fantasy, and Psychotherapy , Psychiat Res Rep Amer Psychiat Assoc 2:52-58, 1955. 15. Haley, J.: Strategies of Psychotherapy , New York: Grune & Stratton Inc., 1963. 16. Fry, W.F., Jr.: Sweet Madness: A Study of Humor , Palo Alto, Calif: Pacific Books, 1963.

Journal

Archives of General PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 1967

References