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TOXOPLASMA CHORIORETINITIS IN ADULTS

TOXOPLASMA CHORIORETINITIS IN ADULTS Abstract ORGANISMS morphologically indistinguishable from Toxoplasma have been found in chorioretinal lesions in 53 eyes in the Registry of Ophthalmic Pathology. Included in this group are 41 eyes mentioned in a preliminary report.1 The patients were from 14 to 83 years of age at the time of enucleation, and, although eye symptoms had been observed for from a few weeks to 32 years, the earliest history of onset was at 12 years, in one instance. On the other hand, six patients had a history of onset in the seventh decade of life, and two, in the eighth. Thirty-seven patients were male; 15 were female, and the sex of one patient was unknown. The preponderance of males may be accounted for by the military source of much of the material examined. Forty-nine of the patients were white; 3 were Negroes, and 1 was a Filipino. The geographic distribution was wide. Specimens References 1. Wilder, H. C.: Toxoplasma Chorioretinitis in Adults , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 47:425, 1952.Crossref 2. Sabin, A. B., and Feldman, H. A.: Dyes as Microchemical Indicators of a New Immunity Phenomenon Affecting a Protozoon Parasite (Toxoplasma) , Science 108:660-663, 1948.Crossref 3. Cross, J. B.: A Cytologic Study of Toxoplasma with Special Reference to Its Effect on the Host's Cell , J. Infect. Dis. 80:278-296, 1947.Crossref 4. Perrin, T. L.: Toxoplasma and Encephalitozoon in Spontaneous and in Experimental Infections in Animals , Arch. Path. 36:568-578, 1943. 5. Frenkel, J. K.: Uveitis and Toxoplasmin Sensitivity , Am. J. Ophth. 32:127-135, 1949. 6. Vail, D.; Strong, J. C., Jr., and Stephenson, W. V.: Chorioretinitis Associated with Positive Serologic Tests for Toxoplasma in Older Children and Adults , Am. J. Ophth. 26: 133-141, 1943. 7. Rieger, H.: Toxoplasmosis Acquired in Adult Life , Klin. Monatsbl. Augenh. 119:459-476, 1951 8. A Further Report on Cases of Central External Exudative Retinitis Presumably Caused by an Acquired, Adult Toxoplasmosis , Rieger Klin. Monatsbl. Augenh. 120:33-50, 1952. 9. Sabin, A. B.: Toxoplasmosis: Diagnosis and Treatment , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 54:190-204, 1950 10. Am. J. Ophth. 33:1255-1268, 1950. 11. Hogan, M. J.: Ocular Toxoplasmosis , New York, Columbia University Press, 1951. 12. Pinkerton, H., and Henderson, R. G.: Adult Toxoplasmosis: a Previously Unrecognized Disease Entity Simulating the Typhus-Spotted Fever Group , J. A. M. A. 116:807-814, 1941.Crossref 13. Pinkerton, H., and Weinman, D.: Toxoplasma Infection in Man , Arch. Path. 30:374-392, 1940. 14. Guimãres, F. N.: Human Toxoplasmosis: Toxoplasmic Meningoencephalomyelitis; Occurrence in an Adult and in a Newborn Infant , Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 38:257-320, 1943. 15. Kean, B. H., and Grocott, R. G.: Asymptomatic Toxoplasmosis , Am. J. Trop. Med. 27: 745-748, 1947. 16. Heath, P., and Zuelzer, W. W.: Toxoplasmosis: Report of Eye Findings in Twins , Arch. Ophth. 33:184-191, 1945.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

TOXOPLASMA CHORIORETINITIS IN ADULTS

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1952 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6339
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1952.00920010132001
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract ORGANISMS morphologically indistinguishable from Toxoplasma have been found in chorioretinal lesions in 53 eyes in the Registry of Ophthalmic Pathology. Included in this group are 41 eyes mentioned in a preliminary report.1 The patients were from 14 to 83 years of age at the time of enucleation, and, although eye symptoms had been observed for from a few weeks to 32 years, the earliest history of onset was at 12 years, in one instance. On the other hand, six patients had a history of onset in the seventh decade of life, and two, in the eighth. Thirty-seven patients were male; 15 were female, and the sex of one patient was unknown. The preponderance of males may be accounted for by the military source of much of the material examined. Forty-nine of the patients were white; 3 were Negroes, and 1 was a Filipino. The geographic distribution was wide. Specimens References 1. Wilder, H. C.: Toxoplasma Chorioretinitis in Adults , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 47:425, 1952.Crossref 2. Sabin, A. B., and Feldman, H. A.: Dyes as Microchemical Indicators of a New Immunity Phenomenon Affecting a Protozoon Parasite (Toxoplasma) , Science 108:660-663, 1948.Crossref 3. Cross, J. B.: A Cytologic Study of Toxoplasma with Special Reference to Its Effect on the Host's Cell , J. Infect. Dis. 80:278-296, 1947.Crossref 4. Perrin, T. L.: Toxoplasma and Encephalitozoon in Spontaneous and in Experimental Infections in Animals , Arch. Path. 36:568-578, 1943. 5. Frenkel, J. K.: Uveitis and Toxoplasmin Sensitivity , Am. J. Ophth. 32:127-135, 1949. 6. Vail, D.; Strong, J. C., Jr., and Stephenson, W. V.: Chorioretinitis Associated with Positive Serologic Tests for Toxoplasma in Older Children and Adults , Am. J. Ophth. 26: 133-141, 1943. 7. Rieger, H.: Toxoplasmosis Acquired in Adult Life , Klin. Monatsbl. Augenh. 119:459-476, 1951 8. A Further Report on Cases of Central External Exudative Retinitis Presumably Caused by an Acquired, Adult Toxoplasmosis , Rieger Klin. Monatsbl. Augenh. 120:33-50, 1952. 9. Sabin, A. B.: Toxoplasmosis: Diagnosis and Treatment , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 54:190-204, 1950 10. Am. J. Ophth. 33:1255-1268, 1950. 11. Hogan, M. J.: Ocular Toxoplasmosis , New York, Columbia University Press, 1951. 12. Pinkerton, H., and Henderson, R. G.: Adult Toxoplasmosis: a Previously Unrecognized Disease Entity Simulating the Typhus-Spotted Fever Group , J. A. M. A. 116:807-814, 1941.Crossref 13. Pinkerton, H., and Weinman, D.: Toxoplasma Infection in Man , Arch. Path. 30:374-392, 1940. 14. Guimãres, F. N.: Human Toxoplasmosis: Toxoplasmic Meningoencephalomyelitis; Occurrence in an Adult and in a Newborn Infant , Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 38:257-320, 1943. 15. Kean, B. H., and Grocott, R. G.: Asymptomatic Toxoplasmosis , Am. J. Trop. Med. 27: 745-748, 1947. 16. Heath, P., and Zuelzer, W. W.: Toxoplasmosis: Report of Eye Findings in Twins , Arch. Ophth. 33:184-191, 1945.Crossref

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1952

References

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