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Threshold Stimulation of the Skin and Housewives' Eczema of the Hands

Threshold Stimulation of the Skin and Housewives' Eczema of the Hands Abstract In a previous study1 on cutaneous sensibility threshold measurement with squarewave current, two significant findings were reported: (1) The range of sensibility thresholds was higher in men than in women, and (2) in women with housewives' eczema of the hands the sensibility threshold range was lower than in other women. It was felt that these differences in threshold sensibility were basically related to epidermal thickness rather than to neurological differences. Inasmuch as the outer epidermis acts as a protection against all outside irritants, it was felt that epidermal thickness would also influence the reaction to primary irritants. It was, therefore, theorized that in thin-skinned persons, the sensibility threshold would be relatively low and resistance to primary irritant would also be relatively low, resulting in a greater primary irritant reaction. The opposite course of events would be expected in relatively thicker-skinned persons. The References 1. Hodgson, G.: Use of Household Detergents and their Dangers , Practitioner 170:166, 1953. 2. Gaul, L. E.: Dermatitis Venenata: Current Therapy , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1954, p. 597. 3. Brunner, M. J.: Dermatitis of the Hands Due to Household Cleaners , J. A. M. A. 154:894, 1954.Crossref 4. Sulzberger, M. B., and Baer, R. L.: Unusual or Abnormal Effect of Soap on the "Normal" Skin in Medical Uses of Soap , Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Co., 1946, p. 51. 5. Gant, J. Q., Jr.: A Clinical Application of a Hydrophilic Ointment Base: Balanced Emulsion System , A. M. A. Arch. Dermat. 71:688, 1955.Crossref 6. Jordan, J. W.; Dolce, F. A., and Osborne, E. D.: Dermatitis of the Hands in Housewives: Role of Soap in the Etiology and Methods for its Prevention , J. A. M. A. 115:1001, 1940.Crossref 7. Bishop, G. H.: Responses to Electrical Stimulation of Sensory Units of the Skin , J. Neurophysiol. 6:361, 1943. 8. Montagna, W.: The Structure and Function of the Skin , New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1956, p. 10. 9. Hardy, J. D., and Furer, M.: The Reaction to Pain as Determined by the Galvanic Skin Response: Life, Stress and Bodily Disease , Proc. A. Res. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 29:72, 1950. 10. Rostenberg, A., Jr.: Primary Irritant and Allergic Eczematous Reactions , A. M. A. Arch. Dermat. 75:547, 1957. 11. Sigel, H.: Cutaneous Sensory Threshold Stimulation with High Frequency Square-Wave Current: The Relationship of Body Site and Skin Diseases to the Sensory Threshold , J. Invest. Dermat. 18:447, 1952. 12. Sigel, H.: Observations on Electrical Measurements of Threshold Sensibility of the Skin with Square-wave Current , J. Invest. Dermat. 25:55, 1955. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

Threshold Stimulation of the Skin and Housewives' Eczema of the Hands

A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology , Volume 80 (4) – Oct 1, 1959

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1959 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-5359
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1959.01560220071015
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract In a previous study1 on cutaneous sensibility threshold measurement with squarewave current, two significant findings were reported: (1) The range of sensibility thresholds was higher in men than in women, and (2) in women with housewives' eczema of the hands the sensibility threshold range was lower than in other women. It was felt that these differences in threshold sensibility were basically related to epidermal thickness rather than to neurological differences. Inasmuch as the outer epidermis acts as a protection against all outside irritants, it was felt that epidermal thickness would also influence the reaction to primary irritants. It was, therefore, theorized that in thin-skinned persons, the sensibility threshold would be relatively low and resistance to primary irritant would also be relatively low, resulting in a greater primary irritant reaction. The opposite course of events would be expected in relatively thicker-skinned persons. The References 1. Hodgson, G.: Use of Household Detergents and their Dangers , Practitioner 170:166, 1953. 2. Gaul, L. E.: Dermatitis Venenata: Current Therapy , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1954, p. 597. 3. Brunner, M. J.: Dermatitis of the Hands Due to Household Cleaners , J. A. M. A. 154:894, 1954.Crossref 4. Sulzberger, M. B., and Baer, R. L.: Unusual or Abnormal Effect of Soap on the "Normal" Skin in Medical Uses of Soap , Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Co., 1946, p. 51. 5. Gant, J. Q., Jr.: A Clinical Application of a Hydrophilic Ointment Base: Balanced Emulsion System , A. M. A. Arch. Dermat. 71:688, 1955.Crossref 6. Jordan, J. W.; Dolce, F. A., and Osborne, E. D.: Dermatitis of the Hands in Housewives: Role of Soap in the Etiology and Methods for its Prevention , J. A. M. A. 115:1001, 1940.Crossref 7. Bishop, G. H.: Responses to Electrical Stimulation of Sensory Units of the Skin , J. Neurophysiol. 6:361, 1943. 8. Montagna, W.: The Structure and Function of the Skin , New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1956, p. 10. 9. Hardy, J. D., and Furer, M.: The Reaction to Pain as Determined by the Galvanic Skin Response: Life, Stress and Bodily Disease , Proc. A. Res. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 29:72, 1950. 10. Rostenberg, A., Jr.: Primary Irritant and Allergic Eczematous Reactions , A. M. A. Arch. Dermat. 75:547, 1957. 11. Sigel, H.: Cutaneous Sensory Threshold Stimulation with High Frequency Square-Wave Current: The Relationship of Body Site and Skin Diseases to the Sensory Threshold , J. Invest. Dermat. 18:447, 1952. 12. Sigel, H.: Observations on Electrical Measurements of Threshold Sensibility of the Skin with Square-wave Current , J. Invest. Dermat. 25:55, 1955.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1959

References