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The Retroauricular Pedicle Skin Graft for Tympanoplasty After a Radical Mastoidectomy

The Retroauricular Pedicle Skin Graft for Tympanoplasty After a Radical Mastoidectomy Abstract Hitherto, the main purpose of a radical mastoidectomy has been to eradicate infectious foci of the mastoid cells and the middle-ear cavity and to prevent intracranial complications. The recent trend is not only to accomplish exenteration of necrotic bone but also to preserve the existing subnormal hearing or even to improve it to a serviceable level, depending on the integrity of the cochlear potential. To achieve such a desirable goal, the most important problem is the creation of an air-containing "new" middle ear, permanently open, aerated by a patent Eustachian tube and covered by a hermetically sealed substitute tympanic membrane capable of vibrating to transmit the sound waves by way of the movable stapes. Among the pioneers on tympanoplasty, Bell1 cited the works of Ombredanne, Wullstein, and Zöllner for the plastic reconstruction of the destroyed membrana tympani and the middle ear to fulfill the favorable conditions for the restoration References 1. Bell, H. L.: Technique of Tympanoplasty , A. M. A. Arch. Otolaryng. 66:554 ( (Nov.) ) 1957.Crossref 2. Rambo, J. H. T.: A New Operation to Restore Hearing in Conductive Deafness of Chronic Suppurative Origin , A. M. A. Arch. Otolaryng. 66:525 ( (Nov.) ) 1957.Crossref 3. Vicencio, A. B.: A Retroauricular Pedicle Skin Graft to Line the Radical Mastoid Cavity , A. M. A. Arch. Otolaryng. 63:296 ( (March) ) 1956.Crossref 4. Juers, A. L.: Preservation of Hearing in Surgery for Chronic Ear Disease: A Consideration of Factors Involved , Laryngoscope 64:235 ( (April) ) 1954.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

The Retroauricular Pedicle Skin Graft for Tympanoplasty After a Radical Mastoidectomy

A.M.A. Archives of Otolaryngology , Volume 69 (2) – Feb 1, 1959

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1959 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6894
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1959.00730030203014
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Hitherto, the main purpose of a radical mastoidectomy has been to eradicate infectious foci of the mastoid cells and the middle-ear cavity and to prevent intracranial complications. The recent trend is not only to accomplish exenteration of necrotic bone but also to preserve the existing subnormal hearing or even to improve it to a serviceable level, depending on the integrity of the cochlear potential. To achieve such a desirable goal, the most important problem is the creation of an air-containing "new" middle ear, permanently open, aerated by a patent Eustachian tube and covered by a hermetically sealed substitute tympanic membrane capable of vibrating to transmit the sound waves by way of the movable stapes. Among the pioneers on tympanoplasty, Bell1 cited the works of Ombredanne, Wullstein, and Zöllner for the plastic reconstruction of the destroyed membrana tympani and the middle ear to fulfill the favorable conditions for the restoration References 1. Bell, H. L.: Technique of Tympanoplasty , A. M. A. Arch. Otolaryng. 66:554 ( (Nov.) ) 1957.Crossref 2. Rambo, J. H. T.: A New Operation to Restore Hearing in Conductive Deafness of Chronic Suppurative Origin , A. M. A. Arch. Otolaryng. 66:525 ( (Nov.) ) 1957.Crossref 3. Vicencio, A. B.: A Retroauricular Pedicle Skin Graft to Line the Radical Mastoid Cavity , A. M. A. Arch. Otolaryng. 63:296 ( (March) ) 1956.Crossref 4. Juers, A. L.: Preservation of Hearing in Surgery for Chronic Ear Disease: A Consideration of Factors Involved , Laryngoscope 64:235 ( (April) ) 1954.Crossref

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Feb 1, 1959

References