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The Relation of Endemic Goiter to Deaf-Mutism: Isidor Greenwald, Ph.D., New York

The Relation of Endemic Goiter to Deaf-Mutism: Isidor Greenwald, Ph.D., New York Abstract In another paper, I1 called attention to the large number of deaf-mutes found in those parts of Peru and of the Argentine Republic in which goiter was most prevalent. In such districts, the number of deaf-mutes greatly exceeded the number of cretins and idiots, and they did this to such a degree that the excess could not have been due to other known causes of deaf-mutism but was probably related to goiter. The relation between endemic goiter and deaf-mutism was once well recognized. Baillarger2 gave it considerable attention, and H. Bircher3 devoted one-third of his book to it. Since then, the subject has almost disappeared from the literature concerning goiter. Most recent books on the thyroid and its diseases either fail to mention deaf-mutism or refer to it only as one of the manifestations of cretinism. Writers on deaf-mutism have taken much the same attitude. Thus, Watkyn-Thomas References 1. Greenwald, I.: The History of Goiter in the Inca Empire: Peru, Chile and the Argentine Republic; Its Significance for the Etiology of the Disease , Texas Rep. Biol. & Med. 15:874-889 ( (Dec.) ) 1957. 2. Baillarger, J. G. F.: Enquête sur le goître et le crétinisme , Paris, J. B. Baillère et fils, 1873. 3. Bircher, H.: Der endemische Kropf und seine Beziehung zur Taubstummheit und zum Cretinismus , Basel, Benno Schwabe & Co., 1883. 4. Watkyn-Thomas, F. W.: Deaf-Mutism, British Encyclopedia of Medical Practice , London, Butterworth & Co., Ltd., 1937, Vol. 3, pp. 550-564. 5. Brain, W. R.: Heredity in Simple Goitre , Quart. J. Med. 20:303-319 ( (April) ) 1927. 6. Deraemaeker, R.: Congenital Deafness and Goiter , Am. J. Human Genet. 8:253-256 ( (Dec.) ) 1956. 7. Morgans, M. E., and Trotter, W. R.: Association of Congenital Deafness with Goitre: The Nature of the Thyroid Defect , Lancet 1:607-609 ( (March 22) ) 1958. 8. Thieme, E. T.: A Report of the Occurrence of Deaf-Mutism and Goiter in 4 of 6 Siblings of a North American Family , Ann. Surg. 146:941-948 ( (Dec.) ) 1957. 9. Howarth, A. E., and Lloyd, H. E. D.: Perceptive Deafness in Hypothyroidism , Brit. M.J. 1:431-433 ( (Feb. 25) ) 1956. 10. Kemp, W. R.: Deafness in Myxedema , Brit. M.J. 1:375 ( (Feb. 16) ) 1907. 11. King, J. W.: Deafness in Myxedema , Brit. M.J. I:562-563 ( (March 9) ) 1907. 12. Moehlig, R. C.: Vertigo and Deafness Associated with Goiter , Harper Hospital Bulletin, Detroit , 14:271-273 ( (Sept.) ) 1956. 13. Rau, L.: Hypothyroidism with Macular Abiotrophy and Inner Ear Deafness , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 40:468-469 ( (Sept.) -Oct.) 1947. 14. Argentine Republic, Census of 1869, 1895, 1914. 15. Peru, Census of 1940. 16. Switzerland, Schweizerische Statistik, Lieferungen, 15, 65, 68; 1880, 1885, 1886. 17. Michaelis, E. H.: Quoted by Bircher.3 18. United States, Fifteenth Census; The Blind and Deaf-Mutes in the United States, 1931. 19. Canada, Seventh Census, Bulletin 44, 1931. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

The Relation of Endemic Goiter to Deaf-Mutism: Isidor Greenwald, Ph.D., New York

A.M.A. Archives of Otolaryngology , Volume 70 (5) – Nov 1, 1959

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1959 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6894
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1959.00730040553001
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract In another paper, I1 called attention to the large number of deaf-mutes found in those parts of Peru and of the Argentine Republic in which goiter was most prevalent. In such districts, the number of deaf-mutes greatly exceeded the number of cretins and idiots, and they did this to such a degree that the excess could not have been due to other known causes of deaf-mutism but was probably related to goiter. The relation between endemic goiter and deaf-mutism was once well recognized. Baillarger2 gave it considerable attention, and H. Bircher3 devoted one-third of his book to it. Since then, the subject has almost disappeared from the literature concerning goiter. Most recent books on the thyroid and its diseases either fail to mention deaf-mutism or refer to it only as one of the manifestations of cretinism. Writers on deaf-mutism have taken much the same attitude. Thus, Watkyn-Thomas References 1. Greenwald, I.: The History of Goiter in the Inca Empire: Peru, Chile and the Argentine Republic; Its Significance for the Etiology of the Disease , Texas Rep. Biol. & Med. 15:874-889 ( (Dec.) ) 1957. 2. Baillarger, J. G. F.: Enquête sur le goître et le crétinisme , Paris, J. B. Baillère et fils, 1873. 3. Bircher, H.: Der endemische Kropf und seine Beziehung zur Taubstummheit und zum Cretinismus , Basel, Benno Schwabe & Co., 1883. 4. Watkyn-Thomas, F. W.: Deaf-Mutism, British Encyclopedia of Medical Practice , London, Butterworth & Co., Ltd., 1937, Vol. 3, pp. 550-564. 5. Brain, W. R.: Heredity in Simple Goitre , Quart. J. Med. 20:303-319 ( (April) ) 1927. 6. Deraemaeker, R.: Congenital Deafness and Goiter , Am. J. Human Genet. 8:253-256 ( (Dec.) ) 1956. 7. Morgans, M. E., and Trotter, W. R.: Association of Congenital Deafness with Goitre: The Nature of the Thyroid Defect , Lancet 1:607-609 ( (March 22) ) 1958. 8. Thieme, E. T.: A Report of the Occurrence of Deaf-Mutism and Goiter in 4 of 6 Siblings of a North American Family , Ann. Surg. 146:941-948 ( (Dec.) ) 1957. 9. Howarth, A. E., and Lloyd, H. E. D.: Perceptive Deafness in Hypothyroidism , Brit. M.J. 1:431-433 ( (Feb. 25) ) 1956. 10. Kemp, W. R.: Deafness in Myxedema , Brit. M.J. 1:375 ( (Feb. 16) ) 1907. 11. King, J. W.: Deafness in Myxedema , Brit. M.J. I:562-563 ( (March 9) ) 1907. 12. Moehlig, R. C.: Vertigo and Deafness Associated with Goiter , Harper Hospital Bulletin, Detroit , 14:271-273 ( (Sept.) ) 1956. 13. Rau, L.: Hypothyroidism with Macular Abiotrophy and Inner Ear Deafness , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 40:468-469 ( (Sept.) -Oct.) 1947. 14. Argentine Republic, Census of 1869, 1895, 1914. 15. Peru, Census of 1940. 16. Switzerland, Schweizerische Statistik, Lieferungen, 15, 65, 68; 1880, 1885, 1886. 17. Michaelis, E. H.: Quoted by Bircher.3 18. United States, Fifteenth Census; The Blind and Deaf-Mutes in the United States, 1931. 19. Canada, Seventh Census, Bulletin 44, 1931.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Nov 1, 1959

References