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THE PRODUCTION OF ATRIOVENTRICULAR RHYTHM IN MAN AFTER THE ADMINISTRATION OF ATROPIN

THE PRODUCTION OF ATRIOVENTRICULAR RHYTHM IN MAN AFTER THE ADMINISTRATION OF ATROPIN Abstract INTRODUCTION Atrioventricular rhythm has been investigated in the experimental animal by a large number of observers. Among these are Lewis,1 Zahn,2 Williams and James,3 Ganter and Zahn,4 Meakins,5 Rothberger and Winterberg,6 Eyster and Meek,7 and others. It has usually been produced experimentally by slowing the rate at which the impulses are sent out from the sino-auricular node or by preventing the spread of such impulses to other parts of the heart. The following methods have been employed for this purpose: (1) cooling the sinus node with an ice pencil or by means of the ethyl chlorid spray, (2) crushing or excising the sinus node, or (3) isolating the sinus node by making cuts about it. Atrioventricular rhythm has also been produced by stimulation of the right vagus1,7 and by stimulation of the left accelerator.6 We shall not discuss these observations References 1. Lewis, T.: The Effect of Vagal Stimulation upon Atrio-Ventricular Rhythm , Heart , 1914, v, 281. 2. Zahn: Experimentelle Untersuchungen am Saügetierherzen über Reizbildung und Reizleitung im Atrio-ventricularknoten , Arch. f. d. ges. Physiol. , 1913, cli, 247.Crossref 3. Williams and James : Reversal of the Cardiac Mechanism , Heart , 1914, v, 109. 4. Ganter and Zahn: Experimentelle Untersuchungen am Saügetierherzen über Reizbildung und Reizleitung in ihrer Beziehung zum specifischen Muskelgewebe , Arch. f. d. ges. Physiol. , 1912, cxlv, 335.Crossref 5. Meakins : Experimental Heart-Block with Atrioventricular Rhythm , Heart , 1914, v, 281. 6. Rothberger and Winterberg: Ueber die Beziehung der Herznerven zur Atrio-ventriculären Automatie , Arch. f. d. ges. Physiol. , 1910, cxxxv, 559. 7. Eyster and Meek: Experiments on the Origin and Propagation of the Impulse in the Heart , Heart , 1914, v, 227. 8. Hering: Nachweis dass die Vergögerung der Erregungsüberleitung zwischen Vorhof und Kammern des Saügetierherzens in Tawara'schen Knoten erfolgt , Arch. f. d. ges. Physiol. , 1910, cxxxi, 572.Crossref 9. Lewis: Auricular Fibrillation and Its Relationship to Clinical Irregularity of the Heart , Heart , 1909-1910, i, 306 10. Paroxysmal Tachycardia, Accompanied by the Ventricular Form of Venous Pulse , Heart , 1910-1911, ii, 127. 11. Cohn: A Case of Paroxysmal Tachycardia , Heart , 1910-1911, ii, 170. 12. Rihl: Ueber atrioventriculäre Tachycardie beim Menschen , Deutsch. med. Wchnschr. , 1907, xxxiv, 632.Crossref 13. Lewis: Clinical Electrocardiography , London, 1913, p. 73. 14. Belski: Beobachtungen über atrio-ventriculäre Automatie im Verlauf der Infektionskrankheiten , Ztschr. f. klin. Med. , 1909, lxvii, 515. 15. Hume: A Polygraphic Study of Four Cases of Diphtheria with a Pathological Examination of Three Cases , Heart , 1913-1914, v, 25. 16. Laslett: A Case Exhibiting a Slow Atrio-Ventricular Rhythm , Heart , 1915, vi, 81. 17. Weil : Beiträge zur klinischen Elektrokardiographie , Deutsch. Arch. f. klin. Med. , 1914, cxvi, 486. 18. Wilson : Three Cases Showing Changes in the Location of the Cardiac Pace-Maker Associated with Respiration , The Archives Int. Med. , 1915, xvi, 86.Crossref 19. Gallavardin, Dufourt, and Petzetakis: Automatisme ventriculaire intermittent, spontané ou provoqué par la compression oculaire et l'injection d'atropine dans le bradycardies totales , Arch. d. mal. du coeur , 1914, vii, 1. 20. Neuhof: A Case of Independent Ventricular Activity Occurring During Acute Articular Rheumatism , The Archives Int. Med. , 1915, xv, 169.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Internal Medicine American Medical Association

THE PRODUCTION OF ATRIOVENTRICULAR RHYTHM IN MAN AFTER THE ADMINISTRATION OF ATROPIN

Archives of Internal Medicine , Volume XVI (6) – Dec 1, 1915

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1915 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0730-188X
DOI
10.1001/archinte.1915.00080060101008
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract INTRODUCTION Atrioventricular rhythm has been investigated in the experimental animal by a large number of observers. Among these are Lewis,1 Zahn,2 Williams and James,3 Ganter and Zahn,4 Meakins,5 Rothberger and Winterberg,6 Eyster and Meek,7 and others. It has usually been produced experimentally by slowing the rate at which the impulses are sent out from the sino-auricular node or by preventing the spread of such impulses to other parts of the heart. The following methods have been employed for this purpose: (1) cooling the sinus node with an ice pencil or by means of the ethyl chlorid spray, (2) crushing or excising the sinus node, or (3) isolating the sinus node by making cuts about it. Atrioventricular rhythm has also been produced by stimulation of the right vagus1,7 and by stimulation of the left accelerator.6 We shall not discuss these observations References 1. Lewis, T.: The Effect of Vagal Stimulation upon Atrio-Ventricular Rhythm , Heart , 1914, v, 281. 2. Zahn: Experimentelle Untersuchungen am Saügetierherzen über Reizbildung und Reizleitung im Atrio-ventricularknoten , Arch. f. d. ges. Physiol. , 1913, cli, 247.Crossref 3. Williams and James : Reversal of the Cardiac Mechanism , Heart , 1914, v, 109. 4. Ganter and Zahn: Experimentelle Untersuchungen am Saügetierherzen über Reizbildung und Reizleitung in ihrer Beziehung zum specifischen Muskelgewebe , Arch. f. d. ges. Physiol. , 1912, cxlv, 335.Crossref 5. Meakins : Experimental Heart-Block with Atrioventricular Rhythm , Heart , 1914, v, 281. 6. Rothberger and Winterberg: Ueber die Beziehung der Herznerven zur Atrio-ventriculären Automatie , Arch. f. d. ges. Physiol. , 1910, cxxxv, 559. 7. Eyster and Meek: Experiments on the Origin and Propagation of the Impulse in the Heart , Heart , 1914, v, 227. 8. Hering: Nachweis dass die Vergögerung der Erregungsüberleitung zwischen Vorhof und Kammern des Saügetierherzens in Tawara'schen Knoten erfolgt , Arch. f. d. ges. Physiol. , 1910, cxxxi, 572.Crossref 9. Lewis: Auricular Fibrillation and Its Relationship to Clinical Irregularity of the Heart , Heart , 1909-1910, i, 306 10. Paroxysmal Tachycardia, Accompanied by the Ventricular Form of Venous Pulse , Heart , 1910-1911, ii, 127. 11. Cohn: A Case of Paroxysmal Tachycardia , Heart , 1910-1911, ii, 170. 12. Rihl: Ueber atrioventriculäre Tachycardie beim Menschen , Deutsch. med. Wchnschr. , 1907, xxxiv, 632.Crossref 13. Lewis: Clinical Electrocardiography , London, 1913, p. 73. 14. Belski: Beobachtungen über atrio-ventriculäre Automatie im Verlauf der Infektionskrankheiten , Ztschr. f. klin. Med. , 1909, lxvii, 515. 15. Hume: A Polygraphic Study of Four Cases of Diphtheria with a Pathological Examination of Three Cases , Heart , 1913-1914, v, 25. 16. Laslett: A Case Exhibiting a Slow Atrio-Ventricular Rhythm , Heart , 1915, vi, 81. 17. Weil : Beiträge zur klinischen Elektrokardiographie , Deutsch. Arch. f. klin. Med. , 1914, cxvi, 486. 18. Wilson : Three Cases Showing Changes in the Location of the Cardiac Pace-Maker Associated with Respiration , The Archives Int. Med. , 1915, xvi, 86.Crossref 19. Gallavardin, Dufourt, and Petzetakis: Automatisme ventriculaire intermittent, spontané ou provoqué par la compression oculaire et l'injection d'atropine dans le bradycardies totales , Arch. d. mal. du coeur , 1914, vii, 1. 20. Neuhof: A Case of Independent Ventricular Activity Occurring During Acute Articular Rheumatism , The Archives Int. Med. , 1915, xv, 169.Crossref

Journal

Archives of Internal MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: Dec 1, 1915

References

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