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THE PATHOGENESIS OF GLAUCOMA

THE PATHOGENESIS OF GLAUCOMA Abstract While it cannot be said that the long debate over the pathogenesis of glaucoma has been brought within sight of a satisfactory conclusion, recent investigation has at least revealed some important facts, without an understanding of which any solution would always have been impossible. This is especially true of the observations in three fields: the biochemistry of the aqueous and vitreous, the physiology of the ocular blood-vascular system, including the capillaries, and the observations of the normal and glaucomatous eye which newer means of observation, such as the gonioscope and the slit-lamp, have made possible. As Duke-Elder stated,1 it is undoubtedly true that different schools of investigation have tried to make their particular observations the whole basis of a theory of glaucoma, to the exclusion of other investigations, when each school may have elucidated factors of importance in the disease. Still, in a review References 1. Duke-Elder: Recent Advances in Ophthalmology , Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Company, 1927, p. 193. 2. Yudkin: Aqueous Humor, Arch. Ophth. 1:615 ( (May) ) 1929.Crossref 3. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 102:189, 1920. 4. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 104:284, 1921. 5. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 95:39, 1918 6. 101:392, 1920; footnote 4. 7. Seidel: Heidelberg Congress, 1925, p. 14. 8. Serr : Heidelberg Congress, 1925, p. 255. 9. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 107:101, 1922 10. 114:157, 163 and 388, 1924. 11. Hiroishi: Arch. f. Ophth. 113:212, 1924. 12. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 102:372, 1920 13. 104:158 and 409, 1921 14. 106:187, 1921 15. 107:92, 1922 16. Serr: Arch. f. Ophth. 113:188, 1924. 17. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 102:415, 1920. 18. Serr: Heidelberg Congress, 1925, p. 22. 19. Seidel: Heidelberg Congress, 1927. 20. Feigenbaum: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 80:577, 1928. 21. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 111:167, 1924. 22. Seidel in Abderhalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden , 1927, pp. 1019-1152. 23. Magnus: Heidelberg Congress, 1922, p. 36. 24. Stübel: Arch. f. Ophth. 110:109, 1922. 25. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 111:196, 1923. 26. Hamburger: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 38:801, 1900. 27. Hamburger: Ueber die Ernahrung des Auges , Leipzig, 1914, p. 56. 28. Hamburger: Arch. Ophth. 55:533, 1926. 29. Hamburger: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 64:737, 1920 30. 65:29, 1920 31. 66: 403, 1921 32. 70:649, 1923 33. Gifford, S. R.: Some Modern Preparations Used in the Treatment of Glaucoma , Arch. Ophth. 57:612 ( (Nov.) ) 1928. 34. Magitot and Mestrezat: Ann. d'ocul. 158:1, 1921 35. 159:401, 1922 36. Magitot and D'Autrevaux: Ann. d'ocul. 159:907, 1922 37. 160:147, 1923. 38. Magitot and Bailliart: Ann. d'ocul. 158:81, 1921. 39. Magitot: Ann. d'ocul. 160:1 and 81, 1923. 40. Magitot and Bailliart: Am. J. Ophth. 8:761, 1925. 41. Magitot: Ann. d'ocul. 154:667, 1917 42. 155:1 and 66, 1918. 43. Magitot: Bull. Soc. d'ophth. de Paris, 1924. 44. Duke-Elder: Brit. J. Ophth. 10:513, 1926.Crossref 45. Baurmann: Arch. f. Ophth. 118:118, 1927. 46. Duke-Elder : Recent Advances in Ophthalmology , Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Company, 1927, pp. 135 and 201. 47. Duke-Elder : Brit. J. Ophth., Monograph Series iii , 1927. 48. Duke-Elder : Recent Advances in Ophthalmology , Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Company, 1927, p. 155. 49. Koller: Arch. Ophth. 50:550, 1921. 50. Thiel : Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 70:766, 1923 51. Arch. f.Ophth. 113:347, 1924. 52. Adler and Landis: Arch. Ophth. 54:265, 1925. 53. Yudkin: Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. & Oto-Laryng. , 1928, p. 244. 54. Baurmann: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 81:348, 1928. 55. Tron: Arch. f. Ophth. 117:677, 1926 56. 121:329, 1928. 57. Wessely: Arch. f. Augenh. 88:217, 1921. 58. Duke-Elder: Am. J. Opth. 11: 388, 1927. 59. Smith, Priestley: Brit. J. Ophth. 11:263, 1927.Crossref 60. Duke-Elder: Recent Advances in Ophthalmology , Philadelphia., P. Blakiston's Son & Company, pp. 201-202. 61. Charlin: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 70:123, 1923. 62. Hertel and Citron: Arch. f. Ophth. 104:149, 1923. 63. Ascher: Arch. f. Ophth. 107:247, 1922. 64. Serr: Arch. f. Ophth. 114:393, 1924. 65. Dieter: Arch. f. Augenh. 163:183, 1925. 66. Passow: Ztschr. f. Augenh. 61:358, 1927 67. Arch. f. Augenh. 97:432, 1926 68. Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 81:352, 1928. 69. Scheerer, Parrisius and Mayer-List : Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 73:29, 1924. 70. Scheerer: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 73:67, 1924 71. 74:688, 1924. 72. Horniker: Arch. f. Ophth. 119:488, 1928 73. 121:347, 1928. 74. Schmidt: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 81:354, 1928 75. Arch. f. Augenh. 98: 569 and 357, 1928 76. Med. Klin. 24:859, 1928. 77. Römer: Arch. f. Augenh. 98:357, 1928. 78. Dieter: Arch. f. Augenh. 99:678, 1928. 79. Schoenberg, M. J.: Artificial Induction of Ocular Hypertension by Compression of the Jugular Veins, Arch. Ophth. 1:681 ( (June) ) 1929.Crossref 80. Gradle: Am. J. Ophth. 7:603, 1924. 81. Goldenburg: Illinois M. J. , (July) , 1927. 82. Shiraishi: Am. J. Ophth. 120:576, 1928. 83. Leplat: Ann. d'ocul. 161:87, 1924. 84. Weekers: Arch. d'opht. 41:641, 1924. 85. Post, M. H.: Arch. Ophth. 50:317, 1921. 86. Malling: Acta Ophth. 1:97 and 215, 1923Crossref 87. 2:213, 1924. 88. Thiel: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 68:244, 1922 89. Arch. f. Augenh. 96:34 and 331, 1925. 90. Seidel: Ztschr. f. Augenh. 55:96, 1925. 91. Koeppe: Ztschr. f. Augenh. 40:344, 1919. 92. Schieck: Brit. J. Ophth. 5:428,1920 93. Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 63:258, 1919. 94. Gradle: Am. J. Ophth. 4:428 and 672, 1921. 95. Vogt: Arch. f. Ophth. 107:162, 1922 96. 108:182, 1922 97. 109:154, 1922 98. Baurmann: Arch. f. Ophth. 114:276, 1924 99. 117:304, 1926 100. Redslob and Reiss : Ann. d'ocul. 165:641, 1928 101. 166:1, 1929. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

THE PATHOGENESIS OF GLAUCOMA

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 3 (1) – Jan 1, 1930

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1930 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1930.00810030098006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract While it cannot be said that the long debate over the pathogenesis of glaucoma has been brought within sight of a satisfactory conclusion, recent investigation has at least revealed some important facts, without an understanding of which any solution would always have been impossible. This is especially true of the observations in three fields: the biochemistry of the aqueous and vitreous, the physiology of the ocular blood-vascular system, including the capillaries, and the observations of the normal and glaucomatous eye which newer means of observation, such as the gonioscope and the slit-lamp, have made possible. As Duke-Elder stated,1 it is undoubtedly true that different schools of investigation have tried to make their particular observations the whole basis of a theory of glaucoma, to the exclusion of other investigations, when each school may have elucidated factors of importance in the disease. Still, in a review References 1. Duke-Elder: Recent Advances in Ophthalmology , Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Company, 1927, p. 193. 2. Yudkin: Aqueous Humor, Arch. Ophth. 1:615 ( (May) ) 1929.Crossref 3. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 102:189, 1920. 4. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 104:284, 1921. 5. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 95:39, 1918 6. 101:392, 1920; footnote 4. 7. Seidel: Heidelberg Congress, 1925, p. 14. 8. Serr : Heidelberg Congress, 1925, p. 255. 9. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 107:101, 1922 10. 114:157, 163 and 388, 1924. 11. Hiroishi: Arch. f. Ophth. 113:212, 1924. 12. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 102:372, 1920 13. 104:158 and 409, 1921 14. 106:187, 1921 15. 107:92, 1922 16. Serr: Arch. f. Ophth. 113:188, 1924. 17. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 102:415, 1920. 18. Serr: Heidelberg Congress, 1925, p. 22. 19. Seidel: Heidelberg Congress, 1927. 20. Feigenbaum: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 80:577, 1928. 21. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 111:167, 1924. 22. Seidel in Abderhalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden , 1927, pp. 1019-1152. 23. Magnus: Heidelberg Congress, 1922, p. 36. 24. Stübel: Arch. f. Ophth. 110:109, 1922. 25. Seidel: Arch. f. Ophth. 111:196, 1923. 26. Hamburger: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 38:801, 1900. 27. Hamburger: Ueber die Ernahrung des Auges , Leipzig, 1914, p. 56. 28. Hamburger: Arch. Ophth. 55:533, 1926. 29. Hamburger: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 64:737, 1920 30. 65:29, 1920 31. 66: 403, 1921 32. 70:649, 1923 33. Gifford, S. R.: Some Modern Preparations Used in the Treatment of Glaucoma , Arch. Ophth. 57:612 ( (Nov.) ) 1928. 34. Magitot and Mestrezat: Ann. d'ocul. 158:1, 1921 35. 159:401, 1922 36. Magitot and D'Autrevaux: Ann. d'ocul. 159:907, 1922 37. 160:147, 1923. 38. Magitot and Bailliart: Ann. d'ocul. 158:81, 1921. 39. Magitot: Ann. d'ocul. 160:1 and 81, 1923. 40. Magitot and Bailliart: Am. J. Ophth. 8:761, 1925. 41. Magitot: Ann. d'ocul. 154:667, 1917 42. 155:1 and 66, 1918. 43. Magitot: Bull. Soc. d'ophth. de Paris, 1924. 44. Duke-Elder: Brit. J. Ophth. 10:513, 1926.Crossref 45. Baurmann: Arch. f. Ophth. 118:118, 1927. 46. Duke-Elder : Recent Advances in Ophthalmology , Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Company, 1927, pp. 135 and 201. 47. Duke-Elder : Brit. J. Ophth., Monograph Series iii , 1927. 48. Duke-Elder : Recent Advances in Ophthalmology , Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Company, 1927, p. 155. 49. Koller: Arch. Ophth. 50:550, 1921. 50. Thiel : Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 70:766, 1923 51. Arch. f.Ophth. 113:347, 1924. 52. Adler and Landis: Arch. Ophth. 54:265, 1925. 53. Yudkin: Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. & Oto-Laryng. , 1928, p. 244. 54. Baurmann: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 81:348, 1928. 55. Tron: Arch. f. Ophth. 117:677, 1926 56. 121:329, 1928. 57. Wessely: Arch. f. Augenh. 88:217, 1921. 58. Duke-Elder: Am. J. Opth. 11: 388, 1927. 59. Smith, Priestley: Brit. J. Ophth. 11:263, 1927.Crossref 60. Duke-Elder: Recent Advances in Ophthalmology , Philadelphia., P. Blakiston's Son & Company, pp. 201-202. 61. Charlin: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 70:123, 1923. 62. Hertel and Citron: Arch. f. Ophth. 104:149, 1923. 63. Ascher: Arch. f. Ophth. 107:247, 1922. 64. Serr: Arch. f. Ophth. 114:393, 1924. 65. Dieter: Arch. f. Augenh. 163:183, 1925. 66. Passow: Ztschr. f. Augenh. 61:358, 1927 67. Arch. f. Augenh. 97:432, 1926 68. Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 81:352, 1928. 69. Scheerer, Parrisius and Mayer-List : Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 73:29, 1924. 70. Scheerer: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 73:67, 1924 71. 74:688, 1924. 72. Horniker: Arch. f. Ophth. 119:488, 1928 73. 121:347, 1928. 74. Schmidt: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 81:354, 1928 75. Arch. f. Augenh. 98: 569 and 357, 1928 76. Med. Klin. 24:859, 1928. 77. Römer: Arch. f. Augenh. 98:357, 1928. 78. Dieter: Arch. f. Augenh. 99:678, 1928. 79. Schoenberg, M. J.: Artificial Induction of Ocular Hypertension by Compression of the Jugular Veins, Arch. Ophth. 1:681 ( (June) ) 1929.Crossref 80. Gradle: Am. J. Ophth. 7:603, 1924. 81. Goldenburg: Illinois M. J. , (July) , 1927. 82. Shiraishi: Am. J. Ophth. 120:576, 1928. 83. Leplat: Ann. d'ocul. 161:87, 1924. 84. Weekers: Arch. d'opht. 41:641, 1924. 85. Post, M. H.: Arch. Ophth. 50:317, 1921. 86. Malling: Acta Ophth. 1:97 and 215, 1923Crossref 87. 2:213, 1924. 88. Thiel: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 68:244, 1922 89. Arch. f. Augenh. 96:34 and 331, 1925. 90. Seidel: Ztschr. f. Augenh. 55:96, 1925. 91. Koeppe: Ztschr. f. Augenh. 40:344, 1919. 92. Schieck: Brit. J. Ophth. 5:428,1920 93. Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 63:258, 1919. 94. Gradle: Am. J. Ophth. 4:428 and 672, 1921. 95. Vogt: Arch. f. Ophth. 107:162, 1922 96. 108:182, 1922 97. 109:154, 1922 98. Baurmann: Arch. f. Ophth. 114:276, 1924 99. 117:304, 1926 100. Redslob and Reiss : Ann. d'ocul. 165:641, 1928 101. 166:1, 1929.

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 1930

References

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