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The Occurrence of Glaucoma Following Occlusion of the Central Retinal Artery: A Clinicopathologic Report of Six New Cases with a Review of the Literature

The Occurrence of Glaucoma Following Occlusion of the Central Retinal Artery: A Clinicopathologic... Abstract During the course of routine histopathologic study of glaucomatous eyes at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, a number of cases have been encountered in which the glaucoma apparently followed an occlusion of the central retinal artery. That glaucoma often follows an occlusion of the central retinal vein is well known, but may glaucoma also be related pathogenetically to occlusion of the central retinal artery? This question led us to further study and finally prompted this report. Duke-Elder,1 in referring to the complications of occlusion of the central retinal artery, states, "secondary glaucoma has rarely occurred; in some cases it has been due to inflammatory and neovascular changes at the filtration angle, and in others it has been associated with a co-existent venous thrombosis," but he gives no additional discussion or specific references. Sommers,2 after discussing the possible causes of glaucoma after occlusion of the central vein, states References 1. Dr. Milton Flocks furnished the tangential sections through the trabecula in Cases 2 and 4. 2. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Text-Book of Ophthalmology , Vol. 3, St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1940, p. 2566. 3. Sommers, I. G.: Histology and Histopathology of the Eye and Its Adnexa , New York, Grune & Stratton, Inc., 1949, p. 698. 4. Fuchs, E.: Textbook of Ophthalmology , Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1908. 5. Elwyn, H.: Diseases of the Retina , Ed. 2, New York, Blakiston Company (division of McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.), 1953. 6. Sugar, H. S.: The Glaucomas , St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1951. 7. Samuels, B., and Fuchs, A.: Clinical Pathology of the Eye , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc. (medical book department of Harper & Brothers), 1952. 8. Berens, C., Editor: The Eye and Its Diseases , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1949. 9. Friedenwald, J. S., et al.: Ophthalmic Pathology , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1952. 10. Wolff, E.: A Pathology of the Eye , Ed. 3, New York, Blakiston Company (division of McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.), 1951. 11. Ross, J. V. M.: Bilateral Occlusion of the Central Retinal Artery Complicated by Bilateral Secondary Glaucoma , Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat Month. 29:561-563, 1950. 12. Benton, C. D., Jr.: Glaucoma Following Occlusion of the Central Retinal Artery , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 49:280-284, 1953. 13. Winter, F. C.: Glaucoma Following Occlusion of the Central Retinal Artery , Tr. Pacific Coast Oto-Ophth. Soc. , 1957, pp. 9-16. 14. Wolter, J. R., and Liddicoat, D. A.: Secondary Glaucoma Following Occlusion of the Central Artery of the Retina , Am. J. Ophth. 46:182-186, 1958. 15. Loring, E. G.: Remarks on Embolism , Am. J. M. Sc. 67:313-328, 1874. 16. Nettleship, E.: Embolism of Central Artery of Retina: Microscopical Examination , Roy. London Ophth. Hosp. Rep. 8:9-20, 1874. 17. Watson, W. S., and Nettleship, E.: A Case of Embolism of the Central Artery of the Retina: Subsequent Glaucoma, Temporarily Relieved by Iridectomy—Recurrence of Glaucoma—Enucleation—Microscopic Examination of the Optic Disc and Nerve , Roy. London Ophth. Hosp. Rep. 8:251-259, 1875. 18. Knapp, H.: Bericht über die am 22. und 23. Juli 1880 in Newport abgehaltene Versammlung der Amerikanischen Ophthalmol. Gesellschaft , Arch. Augenh. 10:96-104, 1881. 19. Manz, W.: Anatomische Untersuchung eines an Embolie der Arteria centralis retinae erblindeten Auges , Festschrift für von Helmholtz , L. Voss, Hamburg & Leipzig, 1891, pp. 9-17. 20. Marple, W. B.: A Contribution to the Pathology of Embolism of the Central Artery of the Retina , New York Eye & Ear Infirm. Rep. 3:1-16, 1895. 21. Ridley, N. C.: Notes of a Case of Thrombosis of the Central Artery of the Retina, with Acute Glaucoma as a Sequel , Roy. London Ophth. Hosp. Rep. 14:264-273, 1895. 22. Galinowsky, Z.: Über Endarteritis der Arteria centralis retinae mit Concrementbildung , Arch. Augenh. 43:183-199, 1901. 23. Harms, C.: Anatomische Untersuchungen über Gefässerkrankungen im Gebiete der Arteria und Vena centralis retinae und ihre Folgen für die Cirkulation mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des sog. hämorrhagischen Infarktes der Netzhaut , Arch. Ophth. 61:1-151, 1905. 24. Schweitzer, H.: Bericht über die II Versammlung der ungarischen ophthalogischen Gesellschaft in Budapest. Embolia arteria centralis retinae , Ztschr. Augenh. 16:61-62, 1906. 25. Coats, G.: Obstruction of the Central Artery of the Retina , Roy. Lond. Ophth. Hosp. Rep. 16: 262-306, 1905. 26. Coats, G.: Pathology of Obstruction of the Central Artery of the Retina , Roy. London Ophth. Hosp. Rep. 19:45-77 ( (Pt. 1) ) 1913. 27. Opin: Embolie de l'artère centrale de la rétine et glaucome secondaire (Examen anatomique) , Arch. opht. 44:321-341, 1927. 28. Villard, H., and Dejean, C.: Thrombose de l'artère centrale de la rétine , Ann. ocul. 165:241-247, 1928. 29. Bussola, E.: Embolia dell'arteria centrale della retina e glaucoma secondario , Bull. ocul. 9: 495-512, 1930. 30. Holt, H.: Chicago Ophthalmological Society (Proceedings) , Am. J. Ophth. 34:1760-1761, 1951. 31. Wolter, J. R., and Lubeck, M. J.: Sekundärglaukom nach Verschluss der Zentralarterie der Netzhaut , Klin. Monatsbl. Augenh. 133:179-189, 1958. 32. Wolter, J. R., and Phillips, R. L.: Secondary Glaucoma Following Occlusion of the Central Retinal Artery, Am. J. Ophth., to be published. 33. Leber, T.: Die Krankheiten der Netzhaut , in Graefe, A., and Saemisch, T.: Handbuch der gesampten Augenheilkunde , Leipzig, W. Engleman, 1915, Vol. 7, Chap. 10, (Pt. 2) , p. 196. 34. Parsons, J. H.: Pathology of the Eye , London, J. and A. Churchill, 1908, Vol. 4, pp. 1266-1270. 35. Benedict, W. L.: The Clinical Significance of Closure of the Retinal Vessels , J. M. A. Georgia , 38:423-433, 1949. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

The Occurrence of Glaucoma Following Occlusion of the Central Retinal Artery: A Clinicopathologic Report of Six New Cases with a Review of the Literature

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1959 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6339
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1959.00940090847001
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Abstract

Abstract During the course of routine histopathologic study of glaucomatous eyes at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, a number of cases have been encountered in which the glaucoma apparently followed an occlusion of the central retinal artery. That glaucoma often follows an occlusion of the central retinal vein is well known, but may glaucoma also be related pathogenetically to occlusion of the central retinal artery? This question led us to further study and finally prompted this report. Duke-Elder,1 in referring to the complications of occlusion of the central retinal artery, states, "secondary glaucoma has rarely occurred; in some cases it has been due to inflammatory and neovascular changes at the filtration angle, and in others it has been associated with a co-existent venous thrombosis," but he gives no additional discussion or specific references. Sommers,2 after discussing the possible causes of glaucoma after occlusion of the central vein, states References 1. Dr. Milton Flocks furnished the tangential sections through the trabecula in Cases 2 and 4. 2. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Text-Book of Ophthalmology , Vol. 3, St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1940, p. 2566. 3. Sommers, I. G.: Histology and Histopathology of the Eye and Its Adnexa , New York, Grune & Stratton, Inc., 1949, p. 698. 4. Fuchs, E.: Textbook of Ophthalmology , Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1908. 5. Elwyn, H.: Diseases of the Retina , Ed. 2, New York, Blakiston Company (division of McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.), 1953. 6. Sugar, H. S.: The Glaucomas , St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1951. 7. Samuels, B., and Fuchs, A.: Clinical Pathology of the Eye , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc. (medical book department of Harper & Brothers), 1952. 8. Berens, C., Editor: The Eye and Its Diseases , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1949. 9. Friedenwald, J. S., et al.: Ophthalmic Pathology , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1952. 10. Wolff, E.: A Pathology of the Eye , Ed. 3, New York, Blakiston Company (division of McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.), 1951. 11. Ross, J. V. M.: Bilateral Occlusion of the Central Retinal Artery Complicated by Bilateral Secondary Glaucoma , Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat Month. 29:561-563, 1950. 12. Benton, C. D., Jr.: Glaucoma Following Occlusion of the Central Retinal Artery , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 49:280-284, 1953. 13. Winter, F. C.: Glaucoma Following Occlusion of the Central Retinal Artery , Tr. Pacific Coast Oto-Ophth. Soc. , 1957, pp. 9-16. 14. Wolter, J. R., and Liddicoat, D. A.: Secondary Glaucoma Following Occlusion of the Central Artery of the Retina , Am. J. Ophth. 46:182-186, 1958. 15. Loring, E. G.: Remarks on Embolism , Am. J. M. Sc. 67:313-328, 1874. 16. Nettleship, E.: Embolism of Central Artery of Retina: Microscopical Examination , Roy. London Ophth. Hosp. Rep. 8:9-20, 1874. 17. Watson, W. S., and Nettleship, E.: A Case of Embolism of the Central Artery of the Retina: Subsequent Glaucoma, Temporarily Relieved by Iridectomy—Recurrence of Glaucoma—Enucleation—Microscopic Examination of the Optic Disc and Nerve , Roy. London Ophth. Hosp. Rep. 8:251-259, 1875. 18. Knapp, H.: Bericht über die am 22. und 23. Juli 1880 in Newport abgehaltene Versammlung der Amerikanischen Ophthalmol. Gesellschaft , Arch. Augenh. 10:96-104, 1881. 19. Manz, W.: Anatomische Untersuchung eines an Embolie der Arteria centralis retinae erblindeten Auges , Festschrift für von Helmholtz , L. Voss, Hamburg & Leipzig, 1891, pp. 9-17. 20. Marple, W. B.: A Contribution to the Pathology of Embolism of the Central Artery of the Retina , New York Eye & Ear Infirm. Rep. 3:1-16, 1895. 21. Ridley, N. C.: Notes of a Case of Thrombosis of the Central Artery of the Retina, with Acute Glaucoma as a Sequel , Roy. London Ophth. Hosp. Rep. 14:264-273, 1895. 22. Galinowsky, Z.: Über Endarteritis der Arteria centralis retinae mit Concrementbildung , Arch. Augenh. 43:183-199, 1901. 23. Harms, C.: Anatomische Untersuchungen über Gefässerkrankungen im Gebiete der Arteria und Vena centralis retinae und ihre Folgen für die Cirkulation mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des sog. hämorrhagischen Infarktes der Netzhaut , Arch. Ophth. 61:1-151, 1905. 24. Schweitzer, H.: Bericht über die II Versammlung der ungarischen ophthalogischen Gesellschaft in Budapest. Embolia arteria centralis retinae , Ztschr. Augenh. 16:61-62, 1906. 25. Coats, G.: Obstruction of the Central Artery of the Retina , Roy. Lond. Ophth. Hosp. Rep. 16: 262-306, 1905. 26. Coats, G.: Pathology of Obstruction of the Central Artery of the Retina , Roy. London Ophth. Hosp. Rep. 19:45-77 ( (Pt. 1) ) 1913. 27. Opin: Embolie de l'artère centrale de la rétine et glaucome secondaire (Examen anatomique) , Arch. opht. 44:321-341, 1927. 28. Villard, H., and Dejean, C.: Thrombose de l'artère centrale de la rétine , Ann. ocul. 165:241-247, 1928. 29. Bussola, E.: Embolia dell'arteria centrale della retina e glaucoma secondario , Bull. ocul. 9: 495-512, 1930. 30. Holt, H.: Chicago Ophthalmological Society (Proceedings) , Am. J. Ophth. 34:1760-1761, 1951. 31. Wolter, J. R., and Lubeck, M. J.: Sekundärglaukom nach Verschluss der Zentralarterie der Netzhaut , Klin. Monatsbl. Augenh. 133:179-189, 1958. 32. Wolter, J. R., and Phillips, R. L.: Secondary Glaucoma Following Occlusion of the Central Retinal Artery, Am. J. Ophth., to be published. 33. Leber, T.: Die Krankheiten der Netzhaut , in Graefe, A., and Saemisch, T.: Handbuch der gesampten Augenheilkunde , Leipzig, W. Engleman, 1915, Vol. 7, Chap. 10, (Pt. 2) , p. 196. 34. Parsons, J. H.: Pathology of the Eye , London, J. and A. Churchill, 1908, Vol. 4, pp. 1266-1270. 35. Benedict, W. L.: The Clinical Significance of Closure of the Retinal Vessels , J. M. A. Georgia , 38:423-433, 1949.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1959

References