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THE NEURAL PROJECTION OF THE COCHLEAR SPIRALS ON THE PRIMARY ACOUSTIC CENTERS

THE NEURAL PROJECTION OF THE COCHLEAR SPIRALS ON THE PRIMARY ACOUSTIC CENTERS Abstract Numerous attempts have been made to determine the physical facts underlying auditory function in man and in animals. So far, none of the theories suggested have succeeded in explaining satisfactorily all clinical and experimental observations. The perplexities surrounding this problem were increased when Wever and Bray1 advanced the frequency theory of sound transmission. Their demonstration of electrical phenomena by leading off action currents from the eighth nerve and from the cochlea was corroborated by Saul and Davis,2 Hallpike and Rawden-Smith3 and many others. In fact, for a certain time the evidence adduced by Wever and Bray seemed to have doomed the Helmholtz theory as well as every other theory based on a consideration of place. However, even such effective promoters of the frequency theory as Davis and his co-workers4 had to admit that various physiologic and clinical observations could not be understood except by a theory References 1. Wever, E. G.: Auditory Nerve Experiments in Animals and Their Relation to Hearing , Laryngoscope 41:387, 1931.Crossref 2. Wever, E. G., and Bray, C. W.: Auditory Nerve Responses in Reptile , Acta oto-laryng. 16:154, 1931.Crossref 3. Saul, L. J., and Davis, H.: Action Currents in the Central Nervous System , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 29:255 ( (Feb.) ) 1933. 4. Hallpike, C. S., and Rawden-Smith, A. F.: Origin of the Wever-Bray Phenomenon , J. Physiol. 83:243, 1934. 5. Davis, H.; Derbyshire, A. J.; Lurie, M. H., and Saul, L. J.: The Electrical Response of the Cochlea , Am. J. Physiol. 107:311, 1934. 6. Poljak, S.: Ueber den allgemeinen Bauplan des Gehörsystems und über seine Bedeutung für die Physiologie, für die Klinik und für die Psychologie , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 110:1, 1927 7. Untersuchungen am Oktavussystem der Säugetiere und an dem mit diesem koordinierten motorischen Apparat des Hirnstamms , J. f. Psychol. u. Neurol. 32:170, 1926. 8. Lorente de Nó, R.: Anatomy of the Eighth Nerve , Laryngoscope 43:1 and 327, 1933. 9. Brouwer, B.: Experimentell-anatomische Untersuchungen über die Projektion der Retina auf die primären Opticuszentren , Schweiz. Arch. f. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 13:118, 1923. 10. Lewy, F. H.: Degenerationsversuche am akustischen System des Kaninchens und der Katze , Folia neuro-biol. 2:471, 1909. 11. Lorente de Nó, R.: Personal communication to the authors received on April 28, 1935. 12. Winkler, C.: De bouw van het zenuwstelsel, Haarlem , The Netherlands, de Erven F. Bohn, 1920, vol. 2. 13. von Monakow, C.: Striae acusticae und untere Schleife , Arch. f. Psychiat. 22:1, 1890. 14. Lewy, F. H.: Doppelseitige aufsteigende Entzündung des akustischen Systems , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 2:11, 1910. 15. Ramón y Cajal, S.: Histologie du système nerveux de l'homme et des vertébrés , translated in French by L. Azoulay, Paris, A. Maloine, 1909, p. 786. 16. Ramón y Cajal, S.: Les ganglions terminaux du nerf acoustique des oiseaux , Trab. d. lab. de invest. biol. Univ. de Madrid 6:195, 1908. 17. Brandis, C.: Untersuchungen über das Gehirn der Vögel: II. Ursprung der Nerven der Medulla oblongata , Arch. f. mikr. Anat. 43:96, 1894. 18. Ariëns-Kappers, C. U.: Vergleichende Anatomie des Nervensystems der Wirbeltiere und des Menschen, Haarlem , The Netherlands, de Erven F. Bohn, 1920. 19. Ziehen, T.: Physiologische Psychologie , Jena, Gustav Fischer, 1906. 20. Eyster, J. A.; Bast, T. H., and Krasno, M. R.: Studies on the Electrical Response of the Cochlea , Am. J. Physiol. 113:40, 1935. 21. Held, H.: Zur Kenntnis der peripheren Gehörleitung , Arch. f. Anat. u. Entwcklngsgesch. , 1897, p. 350. 22. Retzius, G.: Die Endigungsweise der Gehörnerven , Biol. Untersuch. , n. F. 3:25, 1892. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

THE NEURAL PROJECTION OF THE COCHLEAR SPIRALS ON THE PRIMARY ACOUSTIC CENTERS

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1936 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1936.02260040149010
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Abstract

Abstract Numerous attempts have been made to determine the physical facts underlying auditory function in man and in animals. So far, none of the theories suggested have succeeded in explaining satisfactorily all clinical and experimental observations. The perplexities surrounding this problem were increased when Wever and Bray1 advanced the frequency theory of sound transmission. Their demonstration of electrical phenomena by leading off action currents from the eighth nerve and from the cochlea was corroborated by Saul and Davis,2 Hallpike and Rawden-Smith3 and many others. In fact, for a certain time the evidence adduced by Wever and Bray seemed to have doomed the Helmholtz theory as well as every other theory based on a consideration of place. However, even such effective promoters of the frequency theory as Davis and his co-workers4 had to admit that various physiologic and clinical observations could not be understood except by a theory References 1. Wever, E. G.: Auditory Nerve Experiments in Animals and Their Relation to Hearing , Laryngoscope 41:387, 1931.Crossref 2. Wever, E. G., and Bray, C. W.: Auditory Nerve Responses in Reptile , Acta oto-laryng. 16:154, 1931.Crossref 3. Saul, L. J., and Davis, H.: Action Currents in the Central Nervous System , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 29:255 ( (Feb.) ) 1933. 4. Hallpike, C. S., and Rawden-Smith, A. F.: Origin of the Wever-Bray Phenomenon , J. Physiol. 83:243, 1934. 5. Davis, H.; Derbyshire, A. J.; Lurie, M. H., and Saul, L. J.: The Electrical Response of the Cochlea , Am. J. Physiol. 107:311, 1934. 6. Poljak, S.: Ueber den allgemeinen Bauplan des Gehörsystems und über seine Bedeutung für die Physiologie, für die Klinik und für die Psychologie , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 110:1, 1927 7. Untersuchungen am Oktavussystem der Säugetiere und an dem mit diesem koordinierten motorischen Apparat des Hirnstamms , J. f. Psychol. u. Neurol. 32:170, 1926. 8. Lorente de Nó, R.: Anatomy of the Eighth Nerve , Laryngoscope 43:1 and 327, 1933. 9. Brouwer, B.: Experimentell-anatomische Untersuchungen über die Projektion der Retina auf die primären Opticuszentren , Schweiz. Arch. f. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 13:118, 1923. 10. Lewy, F. H.: Degenerationsversuche am akustischen System des Kaninchens und der Katze , Folia neuro-biol. 2:471, 1909. 11. Lorente de Nó, R.: Personal communication to the authors received on April 28, 1935. 12. Winkler, C.: De bouw van het zenuwstelsel, Haarlem , The Netherlands, de Erven F. Bohn, 1920, vol. 2. 13. von Monakow, C.: Striae acusticae und untere Schleife , Arch. f. Psychiat. 22:1, 1890. 14. Lewy, F. H.: Doppelseitige aufsteigende Entzündung des akustischen Systems , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 2:11, 1910. 15. Ramón y Cajal, S.: Histologie du système nerveux de l'homme et des vertébrés , translated in French by L. Azoulay, Paris, A. Maloine, 1909, p. 786. 16. Ramón y Cajal, S.: Les ganglions terminaux du nerf acoustique des oiseaux , Trab. d. lab. de invest. biol. Univ. de Madrid 6:195, 1908. 17. Brandis, C.: Untersuchungen über das Gehirn der Vögel: II. Ursprung der Nerven der Medulla oblongata , Arch. f. mikr. Anat. 43:96, 1894. 18. Ariëns-Kappers, C. U.: Vergleichende Anatomie des Nervensystems der Wirbeltiere und des Menschen, Haarlem , The Netherlands, de Erven F. Bohn, 1920. 19. Ziehen, T.: Physiologische Psychologie , Jena, Gustav Fischer, 1906. 20. Eyster, J. A.; Bast, T. H., and Krasno, M. R.: Studies on the Electrical Response of the Cochlea , Am. J. Physiol. 113:40, 1935. 21. Held, H.: Zur Kenntnis der peripheren Gehörleitung , Arch. f. Anat. u. Entwcklngsgesch. , 1897, p. 350. 22. Retzius, G.: Die Endigungsweise der Gehörnerven , Biol. Untersuch. , n. F. 3:25, 1892.

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 1936

References