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The Nature of Masseteric Hypertrophy

The Nature of Masseteric Hypertrophy Introduction Striking enlargement of the masseter muscles is common, scarcely a busy day passing in which a careful observer may not see at least one case of idiopathic masseter hypertrophy. Yet only 43 instances of this condition have been reported in some 20 articles * (excluding our own), which give the impression of dealing with a clinical rarity. Although various etiologic theories have been offered, the true nature of the condition remains obscure. Studies thus far employed —without yielding generally accepted evidence for any theory—include physical and neurological examination, x-ray study of the mandible, electromyography of the masseter and related muscles, surgical exploration with either biopsy or substantial muscle resection, and pathologic examination. As a surgical curiosity the condition might seem scarcely worthy of an extensive investigation. We believe, however, that it is of extraordinary psychosomatic interest. While casual references are made to psychic disturbances in eight of the reported cases, http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngolog American Medical Association

The Nature of Masseteric Hypertrophy

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1961 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.
ISSN
0003-9977
eISSN
1538-361X
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1961.00740020019002
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Introduction Striking enlargement of the masseter muscles is common, scarcely a busy day passing in which a careful observer may not see at least one case of idiopathic masseter hypertrophy. Yet only 43 instances of this condition have been reported in some 20 articles * (excluding our own), which give the impression of dealing with a clinical rarity. Although various etiologic theories have been offered, the true nature of the condition remains obscure. Studies thus far employed —without yielding generally accepted evidence for any theory—include physical and neurological examination, x-ray study of the mandible, electromyography of the masseter and related muscles, surgical exploration with either biopsy or substantial muscle resection, and pathologic examination. As a surgical curiosity the condition might seem scarcely worthy of an extensive investigation. We believe, however, that it is of extraordinary psychosomatic interest. While casual references are made to psychic disturbances in eight of the reported cases,

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 1961

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