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The Multiple-Pattern Method of Visual Field Examination: A Five-Year Evaluation of Its Effectiveness as a Visual Field Screening Technique

The Multiple-Pattern Method of Visual Field Examination: A Five-Year Evaluation of Its... Abstract Since its first presentation before the American Ophthalmological Society,1 in 1953, the multiple-pattern method of visual field examination has been widely accepted and used in clinics and in private practice. It has proved to be an effective technique for visual field screening in mass examinations of personnel in industry, in the armed forces, in driver-testing, and in glaucomadetection surveys in various parts of the country. There is now a considerable literature on the method. Much data has been accumulated through personal communication with a large number of the more than 500 users of the visual field screener. Some of this material was collected in response to a questionnaire. Numerous unsolicited reports have been submitted by users who attested to the accuracy and speed with which the method was able to detect a wide variety of visual field defects, later confirmed by standard perimetric techniques. We have considerably enlarged our References 1. Harrington, D. O., and Flocks, M.: Visual Field Examination by a New Tachystoscopic Multiple-Pattern Method , Am. J. Ophth. 37:719--723 ( (May) ) 1954. 2. Harrington, D. O., and Flocks, M.: The Multiple Pattern Method of Visual Field Examination , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 59:126-142 ( (March-April) ) 1955. 3. Harrington, D. O., and Flocks, M.: The Multiple Pattern Method of Visual Field Examination , J. A. M.A. 157:645-651 ( (Feb. 19) ) 1955.Crossref 4. Kuhn, H. S.: Glaucoma Detection in Industry , Indust. Med. 26:327-330 ( (July) ) 1957. 5. Robertson, L. T.: Use of the Harrington Multiple-Pattern Field Screener in Industry , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 60:806-811 ( (Nov.-Dec.) ) 1956. 6. Vaughan, D. G.; Asbury, T.; Hoyt, W. F.; Bock, R. H., and Swain, J. M.: Glaucoma Survey of 1,000 Hospital Patients , Tr. Pacific Coast Oto-Ophth. Soc. 36:99-105, 1955. 7. Roberts, W.: Early Diagnosis of Primar Glaucoma , Am. J. Ophth. 44:24-38 ( (July) ) 1957. 8. Roberts, W.: The Multiple-Pattern Tachystoscopic Visual Field Screener in Glaucoma , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 58:244-245 ( (Aug.) ) 1957.Crossref 9. Sloan, L. L.: An Explanation for the Poor Performance of Aphakic Patients on the Harrington-Flocks Screening Test , Am. J. Ophth. 41:987--989 ( (June) ) 1956. 10. Danielson, R. W.: The Relationship of Fields of Vision to Safety in Driving , Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 54:369-416, 1956 11. Am. J. Ophth. 44: 657-680 ( (Nov.) ) 1957. 12. Havener, W.: Glaucoma Screening , Sight-Saving Rev. 27:218-219, 1957. 13. Zugsmith, G. S.: Present-Day Perimetry , Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat Month. 36:457-462 ( (Aug.) ) 1957. 14. Harrington, D. O.: Perimetry with Ultraviolet (Black) Radiation and Luminescent Test Objects: A Preliminary Report , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 49:637-642 ( (June) ) 1953. 15. Zugsmith, G. S.: A Combination of a Magnetic Tangent Screen with the Harrington Multiple-Pattern Field Screener , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 58:256 ( (Aug.) ) 1957. 16. Harrington, D. O.: The Visual Fields: A Textbook and Atlas of Clinical Perimetry , St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1956, pp. 65-73 17. reviewed by Vail, D.: Am. J. Ophth. 43:642 ( (April) ) 1957. 18. Hilton, G. F.: The Multiple Pattern Visual Field Screener: An Evaluation, to be published. 19. Horsley, M. E.; Lewis, P. M., and Packer, H.: Glaucoma Detection in an Outpatient Department , J. A. M. A. 166:1265-1269 ( (March 15) ) 1958. 20. McGough, T. F.: Personal communication to the authors. 21. McGough, T. F.: Personal communication to the authors. 22. King, J. H., Jr.: Personal communication to the authors. 23. Newell, F.: Personal communication to the authors. 24. Fralick, F. B.: Personal communication to the authors. 25. Clark, W. B.: Personal communication to the authors. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

The Multiple-Pattern Method of Visual Field Examination: A Five-Year Evaluation of Its Effectiveness as a Visual Field Screening Technique

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1959 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6339
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1959.00940090757012
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Since its first presentation before the American Ophthalmological Society,1 in 1953, the multiple-pattern method of visual field examination has been widely accepted and used in clinics and in private practice. It has proved to be an effective technique for visual field screening in mass examinations of personnel in industry, in the armed forces, in driver-testing, and in glaucomadetection surveys in various parts of the country. There is now a considerable literature on the method. Much data has been accumulated through personal communication with a large number of the more than 500 users of the visual field screener. Some of this material was collected in response to a questionnaire. Numerous unsolicited reports have been submitted by users who attested to the accuracy and speed with which the method was able to detect a wide variety of visual field defects, later confirmed by standard perimetric techniques. We have considerably enlarged our References 1. Harrington, D. O., and Flocks, M.: Visual Field Examination by a New Tachystoscopic Multiple-Pattern Method , Am. J. Ophth. 37:719--723 ( (May) ) 1954. 2. Harrington, D. O., and Flocks, M.: The Multiple Pattern Method of Visual Field Examination , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 59:126-142 ( (March-April) ) 1955. 3. Harrington, D. O., and Flocks, M.: The Multiple Pattern Method of Visual Field Examination , J. A. M.A. 157:645-651 ( (Feb. 19) ) 1955.Crossref 4. Kuhn, H. S.: Glaucoma Detection in Industry , Indust. Med. 26:327-330 ( (July) ) 1957. 5. Robertson, L. T.: Use of the Harrington Multiple-Pattern Field Screener in Industry , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 60:806-811 ( (Nov.-Dec.) ) 1956. 6. Vaughan, D. G.; Asbury, T.; Hoyt, W. F.; Bock, R. H., and Swain, J. M.: Glaucoma Survey of 1,000 Hospital Patients , Tr. Pacific Coast Oto-Ophth. Soc. 36:99-105, 1955. 7. Roberts, W.: Early Diagnosis of Primar Glaucoma , Am. J. Ophth. 44:24-38 ( (July) ) 1957. 8. Roberts, W.: The Multiple-Pattern Tachystoscopic Visual Field Screener in Glaucoma , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 58:244-245 ( (Aug.) ) 1957.Crossref 9. Sloan, L. L.: An Explanation for the Poor Performance of Aphakic Patients on the Harrington-Flocks Screening Test , Am. J. Ophth. 41:987--989 ( (June) ) 1956. 10. Danielson, R. W.: The Relationship of Fields of Vision to Safety in Driving , Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 54:369-416, 1956 11. Am. J. Ophth. 44: 657-680 ( (Nov.) ) 1957. 12. Havener, W.: Glaucoma Screening , Sight-Saving Rev. 27:218-219, 1957. 13. Zugsmith, G. S.: Present-Day Perimetry , Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat Month. 36:457-462 ( (Aug.) ) 1957. 14. Harrington, D. O.: Perimetry with Ultraviolet (Black) Radiation and Luminescent Test Objects: A Preliminary Report , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 49:637-642 ( (June) ) 1953. 15. Zugsmith, G. S.: A Combination of a Magnetic Tangent Screen with the Harrington Multiple-Pattern Field Screener , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 58:256 ( (Aug.) ) 1957. 16. Harrington, D. O.: The Visual Fields: A Textbook and Atlas of Clinical Perimetry , St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1956, pp. 65-73 17. reviewed by Vail, D.: Am. J. Ophth. 43:642 ( (April) ) 1957. 18. Hilton, G. F.: The Multiple Pattern Visual Field Screener: An Evaluation, to be published. 19. Horsley, M. E.; Lewis, P. M., and Packer, H.: Glaucoma Detection in an Outpatient Department , J. A. M. A. 166:1265-1269 ( (March 15) ) 1958. 20. McGough, T. F.: Personal communication to the authors. 21. McGough, T. F.: Personal communication to the authors. 22. King, J. H., Jr.: Personal communication to the authors. 23. Newell, F.: Personal communication to the authors. 24. Fralick, F. B.: Personal communication to the authors. 25. Clark, W. B.: Personal communication to the authors.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: May 1, 1959

References