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The Innervation of the Mammalian Lung: III. Regression of the Intrinsic Nerves and of Their Afferent Receptors Following Thoracic Sympathectomy, Cervical Vagotomy or Thoracic Stripping of the Vagus

The Innervation of the Mammalian Lung: III. Regression of the Intrinsic Nerves and of Their... Abstract THE MAMMALIAN lung is innervated abundantly by autonomic nerves that enter the hilus for distribution in the peribronchiolar tissues into the terminal segments of the air passages.1-3 Many of these hilar nerves have thick and thin myelinated axons, clusters of ganglion cells and unmyelinated fibers. These and other characteristics identify them as vagal. Hilar nerves, less frequent and more fibrillar, have thin and a few thick myelinated axons, unmyelinated fibers and by their structure are recognized as sympathetic. The mammalian lungs have many afferent receptors.4-7 These terminals of myelinated axons, mainly but not exclusively vagal, are recorded as (1) fiber ramifications among the lining epithelial cells of the bronchioles, (2) encapsulated or unencapsulated sessile and pedunculated receptors in the subepithelial tissues of the bronchioles, the alveolar ducts and the alveolar sacs, (3) curved segments of thick sinuous fibers with fibrils and their branches in the walls of References 1. von Hayek, H.: The Human Lung , New York: Hafner Publishing Co., Inc., 1960. 2. Hirsch, E.F., et al: The Innervation of the Mammalian Lung: I. The Afferent Receptors , Arch Path 85:51-61 ( (Jan) ) 1968. 3. Kuntz, A.: Autonomic Nervous System , ed. 4, Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1953. 4. Elftman, A.G.: The Afferent and Parasympathetic Innervation of the Lungs and Trachea of the Dog , Amer J Anat 72:1-27, 1943.Crossref 5. Jones, A.C.: Innervation and Nerve Termination of the Reptilian Lung , J Comp Neurol 40:371-388, 1926.Crossref 6. Larsell, O.: Nerve Terminations in the Lung of the Rabbit , J Comp Neurol 33:105-129, 1921.Crossref 7. Larsell, O., and Dow, R.S.: The Innervation of the Human Lung , Amer J Anat 52:125-145, 1933.Crossref 8. Paintal, A.S.: Vagal Afferent Fibers, Ergebn , Physiol 52:74-156, 1963. 9. Nigro, S.L., et al: The Innervation of the Mammalian Lung: II. Regression of the Intrinsic Nerves and Other Sequelae in the Reimplanted Lung , Arch Surg 96:138-148 ( (Jan) ) 1968.Crossref 10. Robin, E.D., and Cross, C.E.: Lung Transplantation—Past, Present and Future , Ann Intern Med 65:1138-1147, 1966.Crossref 11. Hirsch, E.F.; Kaiser, G.C.; and Cooper, T.: Experimental Heart Block in Dog: III. Distribution of the Vagus and the Sympathetic Nerves in the Septum , Arch Path 79:441-451, 1965. 12. Khabarova, A.Y.: The Afferent Innervation of of the Heart , New York: Consultants Bureau (authorized translation by Basil Haigh), 1961. 13. Nonidez, J.F.: Studies on the Innervation of the Heart: I. Distribution of Cardiac Nerves With Special Reference to Identification of Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Postganglionics , Amer J Anat 65:361-413, 1939.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Surgery American Medical Association

The Innervation of the Mammalian Lung: III. Regression of the Intrinsic Nerves and of Their Afferent Receptors Following Thoracic Sympathectomy, Cervical Vagotomy or Thoracic Stripping of the Vagus

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1968 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0004-0010
eISSN
1538-3644
DOI
10.1001/archsurg.1968.01330190151032
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract THE MAMMALIAN lung is innervated abundantly by autonomic nerves that enter the hilus for distribution in the peribronchiolar tissues into the terminal segments of the air passages.1-3 Many of these hilar nerves have thick and thin myelinated axons, clusters of ganglion cells and unmyelinated fibers. These and other characteristics identify them as vagal. Hilar nerves, less frequent and more fibrillar, have thin and a few thick myelinated axons, unmyelinated fibers and by their structure are recognized as sympathetic. The mammalian lungs have many afferent receptors.4-7 These terminals of myelinated axons, mainly but not exclusively vagal, are recorded as (1) fiber ramifications among the lining epithelial cells of the bronchioles, (2) encapsulated or unencapsulated sessile and pedunculated receptors in the subepithelial tissues of the bronchioles, the alveolar ducts and the alveolar sacs, (3) curved segments of thick sinuous fibers with fibrils and their branches in the walls of References 1. von Hayek, H.: The Human Lung , New York: Hafner Publishing Co., Inc., 1960. 2. Hirsch, E.F., et al: The Innervation of the Mammalian Lung: I. The Afferent Receptors , Arch Path 85:51-61 ( (Jan) ) 1968. 3. Kuntz, A.: Autonomic Nervous System , ed. 4, Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1953. 4. Elftman, A.G.: The Afferent and Parasympathetic Innervation of the Lungs and Trachea of the Dog , Amer J Anat 72:1-27, 1943.Crossref 5. Jones, A.C.: Innervation and Nerve Termination of the Reptilian Lung , J Comp Neurol 40:371-388, 1926.Crossref 6. Larsell, O.: Nerve Terminations in the Lung of the Rabbit , J Comp Neurol 33:105-129, 1921.Crossref 7. Larsell, O., and Dow, R.S.: The Innervation of the Human Lung , Amer J Anat 52:125-145, 1933.Crossref 8. Paintal, A.S.: Vagal Afferent Fibers, Ergebn , Physiol 52:74-156, 1963. 9. Nigro, S.L., et al: The Innervation of the Mammalian Lung: II. Regression of the Intrinsic Nerves and Other Sequelae in the Reimplanted Lung , Arch Surg 96:138-148 ( (Jan) ) 1968.Crossref 10. Robin, E.D., and Cross, C.E.: Lung Transplantation—Past, Present and Future , Ann Intern Med 65:1138-1147, 1966.Crossref 11. Hirsch, E.F.; Kaiser, G.C.; and Cooper, T.: Experimental Heart Block in Dog: III. Distribution of the Vagus and the Sympathetic Nerves in the Septum , Arch Path 79:441-451, 1965. 12. Khabarova, A.Y.: The Afferent Innervation of of the Heart , New York: Consultants Bureau (authorized translation by Basil Haigh), 1961. 13. Nonidez, J.F.: Studies on the Innervation of the Heart: I. Distribution of Cardiac Nerves With Special Reference to Identification of Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Postganglionics , Amer J Anat 65:361-413, 1939.Crossref

Journal

Archives of SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 1968

References