Abstract This study has been designed as an analytical summary and interpretation of the historical data related to the health and welfare of the black family. While the central theme of this series of articles relates to children and child welfare, we have chosen to consider the black family as a unit rather than to single out the children. It is not intended that this work be a new investigation of unpublished sources related to this subject, although considerable research remains to be undertaken in the archival resources generally ignored by earlier generations of scholars. Within the broad range of significant issues that should be delineated, special emphasis will be placed on the following three subjects: (1) identification of the changing institutional matrix of black family health and welfare; (2) description of the gross social conditions that had a major impact on the black family; and (3) analysis of the public References 1. Rippy JF: The Negro and Spanish pioneers in the New World . J Negro History 6:183-185, (April) 1921.Crossref 2. Ballagh JC: A History of Slavery in Virginia . Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1902, p 32. 3. Franklin JH: From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans , ed 3. New York, Alfred A Knopf Inc, 1967, p 71. 4. Frazier EF: The Negro in the United States . New York, Macmillan Co, 1957, p 34. 5. Negro Population, 1790-1915 , US Bureau of the Census, 1918, pp 28-30. 6. A Century of Population Growth, From the First Census to the Twelfth , 1790-1900. US Bureau of the Census, 1909, p 81. 7. Franklin JH: The two worlds of race: A historical view . Daedalus: J Am Acad Arts Sci 94:899, 1965. 8. Blassingame JW: The Slave Community . New York, Oxford University Press, p 91. 9. Frazier EF: The Negro slave family . J Negro History 15:240, (January) 1930. 10. Garnett WE, Ellison JM: Negro Life in Rural Virginia 1856-1934 , bulletin 295. Virginia Polytechnic Institute, 1934. 11. Hauser PM: Demographic factors in the integration of the Negro . Daedalus: J Am Acad Arts Sci , 94:855, 1965. 12. Hoffman FL: Race Traits and Race Tendencies Among the American Negro . New York, Macmillan Co, 1896, p 329. 13. Holmes SJ: The Negro's Struggle for Survival . Berkeley, Calif, University of California Press, 1937, p 40. 14. Hauser PM, quoted by Frazier EF: The Negro in the United States . New York, Macmillan Co, 1957, p 34. 15. Dublin LI, Lotka AJ: Twenty-five Years of Health Progress . New York, Metropolitan Life Insurance Co, 1937, pp 7-10. 16. Logan RW, Winston MR: The Negro in the United States , vol 2. New York, Van Nostrand-Reinhold Co, 1971, p 35. 17. Taeuber K, Taeuber A: Negroes in Cities . Chicago, Aldine Publishing Co, 1965, pp 37-43. 18. Pettigrew TF: A Profile of the Negro American . Princeton, D Van Nostrand Co Ltd, 1964, pp 82-84. 19. Proceedings of Conference on Special Problems on Child Health in the Ghetto . Washington, DC, Howard University College of Medicine, (April 6) -7, 1972.
American Journal of Diseases of Children – American Medical Association
Published: Jul 1, 1976