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The Experimental Production of Cataracts by Exposure to Heat and Light

The Experimental Production of Cataracts by Exposure to Heat and Light Abstract In recent years the development of cataract as a result of exposure to exotic sources of radiation, such as the atomic bomb, the cyclotron and other linear accelerators, and advanced methods of medical treatment using ionizing rays, has repeatedly been reported and continuously studied. Despite this welter of material, there is an old and well-documented form of cataract which should not be forgotten, namely, lenticular opacities resulting from exposure to heat and light. This is of particular significance because some of the newer cataract-causing agents, such as the atomic bomb, produce ionizing rays in sufficient quantity to cause cataract and also produce enough heat and light to warrant consideration as causative or accessory agents. With that in mind, this paper discusses some of the literature on the production of cataract by heat and light and repeats and extends some of the old experiments demonstrating the method by which those rays References 1. See References 8 and 12. 2. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Textbook of Ophthalmology , Vol. 6, St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1954, p. 6484. 3. MacKenzie, W.: A Practical Treatise on the Diseases of the Eye , London, Longman [and others], 1830, p. 710. 4. Vogt, A.: Lehrbuch und Atlas der Spaltlampenmikroskopie des lebenden Auges , Vol. 2, Berlin, Springer, 1930, p. 313. 5. Goldmann, H.; König, H., and Mäder, F.: Die Durchlässigkeit der Augenlinse für Infrarot , Ophthalmologica 120:198-205, 1950.Crossref 6. von Mandach, E.: Experimentalle Untersuchungen über die Absorption des Ultrarot durch die Hornhaut des Rindes , Arch. Ophth. 119:361-367, 1927. 7. Berner, I.: Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Absorption des Ultrarot durch Linsen von alten Pferden und Kühen , Arch. Ophth. 119:368-373, 1927. 8. Bakker, A.: Vergleichende Untersuchungen über das Verhalten der Linse und der Hornhaut gegenüber infraroten Strahlen , Arch. Ophth. 141:180-187, 1939. 9. Vogt, A.: Augenschädigungen durch die strahlende Energie , Klin. Monatsbl. Augenh. 85:321-344, 1930 10. Die experimentelle reine Ultrarot-Strahlenkatarakt des Kaninchen-Albinos, 17 Monate nach der Bestrahlung (Der experimentelle Feuerstar des Albinos) , Klin. Monatsbl. Augenh. 89:255-256, 1932. 11. Trumpy, E.: Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Wirkung hochintensiven Ultravioletts und Violetts zwischen 314 und 435, 9μμ Wellenlänge auf das Auge unter besondere Berücksichtigung der Linse , Arch. Ophth. 115:495-514, 1924. 12. Goldmann, H.: Kritische und experimentelle Untersuchungen über den sogenannten Ultrarotstar der Kaninchen und den Feuerstar , Arch. Ophth. 125:313-402, 1930 13. Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Genese des Feuerstares; über Arbeitshyperthermie bei Feuerarbeitern , Arch. Ophth. 128:648-653, 1932. 14. Goldmann, H.: Genesis of Heat Cataract , Arch. Ophth. 9:314, 1933. 15. Müller, H.: Experimentelle Untersuchungen über Schädigungen des Auges durch Ultrarot-Strahlen , Arch. Ophth. 114:503-543, 1924. 16. Goldmann, H.: Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Genese des Feuerstares; die Physik des Feuerstars , Arch. Ophth. 130:93-130; 131-139, 1933. 17. MacDonald, J. E., and Light, A.: Photocoagulation of Iris and Retina , A.M.A. Arch. Ophth. 60:384-392, 1958.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

The Experimental Production of Cataracts by Exposure to Heat and Light

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1960 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6339
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1960.00950020475006
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract In recent years the development of cataract as a result of exposure to exotic sources of radiation, such as the atomic bomb, the cyclotron and other linear accelerators, and advanced methods of medical treatment using ionizing rays, has repeatedly been reported and continuously studied. Despite this welter of material, there is an old and well-documented form of cataract which should not be forgotten, namely, lenticular opacities resulting from exposure to heat and light. This is of particular significance because some of the newer cataract-causing agents, such as the atomic bomb, produce ionizing rays in sufficient quantity to cause cataract and also produce enough heat and light to warrant consideration as causative or accessory agents. With that in mind, this paper discusses some of the literature on the production of cataract by heat and light and repeats and extends some of the old experiments demonstrating the method by which those rays References 1. See References 8 and 12. 2. Duke-Elder, W. S.: Textbook of Ophthalmology , Vol. 6, St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1954, p. 6484. 3. MacKenzie, W.: A Practical Treatise on the Diseases of the Eye , London, Longman [and others], 1830, p. 710. 4. Vogt, A.: Lehrbuch und Atlas der Spaltlampenmikroskopie des lebenden Auges , Vol. 2, Berlin, Springer, 1930, p. 313. 5. Goldmann, H.; König, H., and Mäder, F.: Die Durchlässigkeit der Augenlinse für Infrarot , Ophthalmologica 120:198-205, 1950.Crossref 6. von Mandach, E.: Experimentalle Untersuchungen über die Absorption des Ultrarot durch die Hornhaut des Rindes , Arch. Ophth. 119:361-367, 1927. 7. Berner, I.: Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Absorption des Ultrarot durch Linsen von alten Pferden und Kühen , Arch. Ophth. 119:368-373, 1927. 8. Bakker, A.: Vergleichende Untersuchungen über das Verhalten der Linse und der Hornhaut gegenüber infraroten Strahlen , Arch. Ophth. 141:180-187, 1939. 9. Vogt, A.: Augenschädigungen durch die strahlende Energie , Klin. Monatsbl. Augenh. 85:321-344, 1930 10. Die experimentelle reine Ultrarot-Strahlenkatarakt des Kaninchen-Albinos, 17 Monate nach der Bestrahlung (Der experimentelle Feuerstar des Albinos) , Klin. Monatsbl. Augenh. 89:255-256, 1932. 11. Trumpy, E.: Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Wirkung hochintensiven Ultravioletts und Violetts zwischen 314 und 435, 9μμ Wellenlänge auf das Auge unter besondere Berücksichtigung der Linse , Arch. Ophth. 115:495-514, 1924. 12. Goldmann, H.: Kritische und experimentelle Untersuchungen über den sogenannten Ultrarotstar der Kaninchen und den Feuerstar , Arch. Ophth. 125:313-402, 1930 13. Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Genese des Feuerstares; über Arbeitshyperthermie bei Feuerarbeitern , Arch. Ophth. 128:648-653, 1932. 14. Goldmann, H.: Genesis of Heat Cataract , Arch. Ophth. 9:314, 1933. 15. Müller, H.: Experimentelle Untersuchungen über Schädigungen des Auges durch Ultrarot-Strahlen , Arch. Ophth. 114:503-543, 1924. 16. Goldmann, H.: Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Genese des Feuerstares; die Physik des Feuerstars , Arch. Ophth. 130:93-130; 131-139, 1933. 17. MacDonald, J. E., and Light, A.: Photocoagulation of Iris and Retina , A.M.A. Arch. Ophth. 60:384-392, 1958.Crossref

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1960

References

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