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The Effects of Assertive Training on Self-Concept and Anxiety

The Effects of Assertive Training on Self-Concept and Anxiety Abstract The hypothesis that people who are assertive are also more selfaccepting and less anxious was tested by administering to 100 psychiatric outpatients an assertive inventory, a self-acceptance scale, and an anxiety measure. Results showed a substantial positive relationship for both men and women between the assertive inventory and the self-acceptance measure and a strong negative correlation for women only between the assertive inventory and the anxiety measure. To test whether group assertive training would increase self-esteem and reduce general level of anxiety, as well as teach assertive skills, 24 patients were assigned to either an assertive training group or a relationship-control group for eight sessions. Subjects in the assertive training group showed significant increases in assertiveness, self-acceptance and significant decreases in anxiety relative to controls. References 1. Kelly GA: The Psychology of Personal Constructs . New York, W W Norton & Co Inc, 1955. 2. Wolpe J: Psychotherapy by Reciprocal Inhibition . Stanford, Calif, Stanford University Press, 1958. 3. Lazarus AA: Behavior rehearsal versus non-directive therapy versus advice in effecting behavior change . Behav Res Ther 4:209-212, 1966.Crossref 4. Wolpe J, Lazarus AA: Behavior Therapy Techniques . Oxford, England, Pergamon Press, 1966. 5. Rogers CR, Dymond RF: Psychotherapy and Personality Change . Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1954. 6. Alberti RE, Emmons ML: Your Perfect Right . San Luis Obispo, Impact, 1970. 7. Lawrence PS: The Assessment and Modification of Assertive Behavior, unpublished doctoral dissertation, Arizona State University, 1969. 8. Gough HG: Manual for the California Psychological Inventory . Palo Alto, Calif, Consulting Psychologist Press, 1957. 9. Taylor JA: A Personality Scale of Manifest Anxiety . J Abnorm Soc Psychol 48:285-290, 1953.Crossref 10. Breger EM: The relation between the expressed acceptance of self and the expressed acceptance of others . J Abnorm Soc Psychology 47:778-782, 1952.Crossref 11. Meyers J: Fundamentals of Experimental Design . Boston, Allyn and Bacon, 1966. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of General Psychiatry American Medical Association

The Effects of Assertive Training on Self-Concept and Anxiety

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1974 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-990X
eISSN
1598-3636
DOI
10.1001/archpsyc.1974.01760160052011
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The hypothesis that people who are assertive are also more selfaccepting and less anxious was tested by administering to 100 psychiatric outpatients an assertive inventory, a self-acceptance scale, and an anxiety measure. Results showed a substantial positive relationship for both men and women between the assertive inventory and the self-acceptance measure and a strong negative correlation for women only between the assertive inventory and the anxiety measure. To test whether group assertive training would increase self-esteem and reduce general level of anxiety, as well as teach assertive skills, 24 patients were assigned to either an assertive training group or a relationship-control group for eight sessions. Subjects in the assertive training group showed significant increases in assertiveness, self-acceptance and significant decreases in anxiety relative to controls. References 1. Kelly GA: The Psychology of Personal Constructs . New York, W W Norton & Co Inc, 1955. 2. Wolpe J: Psychotherapy by Reciprocal Inhibition . Stanford, Calif, Stanford University Press, 1958. 3. Lazarus AA: Behavior rehearsal versus non-directive therapy versus advice in effecting behavior change . Behav Res Ther 4:209-212, 1966.Crossref 4. Wolpe J, Lazarus AA: Behavior Therapy Techniques . Oxford, England, Pergamon Press, 1966. 5. Rogers CR, Dymond RF: Psychotherapy and Personality Change . Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1954. 6. Alberti RE, Emmons ML: Your Perfect Right . San Luis Obispo, Impact, 1970. 7. Lawrence PS: The Assessment and Modification of Assertive Behavior, unpublished doctoral dissertation, Arizona State University, 1969. 8. Gough HG: Manual for the California Psychological Inventory . Palo Alto, Calif, Consulting Psychologist Press, 1957. 9. Taylor JA: A Personality Scale of Manifest Anxiety . J Abnorm Soc Psychol 48:285-290, 1953.Crossref 10. Breger EM: The relation between the expressed acceptance of self and the expressed acceptance of others . J Abnorm Soc Psychology 47:778-782, 1952.Crossref 11. Meyers J: Fundamentals of Experimental Design . Boston, Allyn and Bacon, 1966.

Journal

Archives of General PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1974

References