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THE DOMINANT EYE: ITS CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE

THE DOMINANT EYE: ITS CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Abstract The role which the dominant eye plays in ocular functions is as yet not fully determined. Although it has been recognized as being present, ophthalmologists have been indifferent as to its importance and the part it plays in maintaining normally coordinating eyes. The dominant eye may be defined as that eye which performs the major function of seeing, being assisted by the less dominant fellow eye. To state it differently, the two eyes do not affect the visual consciousness with equal force. One eye leads the other, and this leading eye is called the dominant eye. Just as the two hands are unequal in response, both from a motor and from a sensory standpoint, so are the eyes. Just as a person may be right handed or left handed, so he may be right eyed or left eyed. Ocular dominance has not been found mentioned earlier than 1593, in Giovanni References 1. Bryngelson, B.: Personal communication to the author. 2. Parson, B. S.: Lefthandedness , New York, The Macmillan Company, 1924, pp. 39-132. 3. Scheidemann, N. V., and Robinette, G. E.: Testing the Ocular Dominance of Infants , Psychol. Clin. 21:62, 1932. 4. Humphrey, cited by McAndrews, L. F.: Ocular Dominance , Arch. Ophth. 13:449 ( (March) ) 1935.Crossref 5. Van Biervliet, J.: L'homme droit et l'homme gauche , Rev. phil., Paris 47:113, 276 and 371, 1899. 6. Gould, G. M.: Right-Handedness and Left-Handedness , Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Co., 1908. 7. Miles, W. R.: Ocular Dominance: Methods and Results , Psychol. Bull. 25:155, 1928.Crossref 8. Travis, L. E.: Speech Pathology , New York, D. Appleton and Company, 1931. 9. Woo, T. L., and Pearson, K.: Dextrality and Sinistrality of Hand and Eye , Biometrika 19:165 ( (July 15) ) 1927.Crossref 10. Mills, L.: Unilateral Sighting , California & West. Med. 28:189 ( (Feb.) ) 1928. 11. Cuff, N. B.: Relation of Eyedness and Handedness to Psychopathic Tendencies , J. Gen. Psychol. 37:532, 1930. 12. Oates, D.: Ocular Dominance , J. Gen. Psychol. 39:492 and 423, 1931. 13. Freeman, G. L., and Chapman, J. S.: Relative Importance of Eye and Hand Dominance in a Pursuit Skill , Am. J. Psychol. 47:146, 1935. 14. Obarrig, P., in discussion on Mills, L.: Eyedness and Handedness , Am. J. Ophth. 8:933, 1925. 15. Gahagan, H. L.: Visual Dominance: Acuity Relationships , J. Gen. Psychol. 8-9:455, 1933. 16. Schneidemann, cited by Schoen, Z. J., and Scofield, C.F.: A Study of the Relative Neuromuscular Efficiency of the Dominant and Non-Dominant Eye in Binocular Vision , J. Gen. Psychol. 12:156, 1935. 17. McAndrews, L. F.: Ocular Dominance , Arch. Ophth. 13:449 ( (March) ) 1935. 18. Lund, F. H.: Dependence of Eye-Hand Coordinations upon Eye-Dominance , Am. J. Psychol. 44:756, 1932. 19. Sheard, C.: Unilateral Sighting and Ocular Dominance , Am. J. Physiol. Optics 4:567, 1923. 20. Schoen, Z. J., and Scofield, C. F.: A Study of the Relative Neuromuscular Efficiency of the Dominant and Non-Dominant Eye in Binocular Vision , J. Gen. Psychol. 12:156, 1935. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

THE DOMINANT EYE: ITS CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 19 (4) – Apr 1, 1938

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1938 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1938.00850160081005
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract The role which the dominant eye plays in ocular functions is as yet not fully determined. Although it has been recognized as being present, ophthalmologists have been indifferent as to its importance and the part it plays in maintaining normally coordinating eyes. The dominant eye may be defined as that eye which performs the major function of seeing, being assisted by the less dominant fellow eye. To state it differently, the two eyes do not affect the visual consciousness with equal force. One eye leads the other, and this leading eye is called the dominant eye. Just as the two hands are unequal in response, both from a motor and from a sensory standpoint, so are the eyes. Just as a person may be right handed or left handed, so he may be right eyed or left eyed. Ocular dominance has not been found mentioned earlier than 1593, in Giovanni References 1. Bryngelson, B.: Personal communication to the author. 2. Parson, B. S.: Lefthandedness , New York, The Macmillan Company, 1924, pp. 39-132. 3. Scheidemann, N. V., and Robinette, G. E.: Testing the Ocular Dominance of Infants , Psychol. Clin. 21:62, 1932. 4. Humphrey, cited by McAndrews, L. F.: Ocular Dominance , Arch. Ophth. 13:449 ( (March) ) 1935.Crossref 5. Van Biervliet, J.: L'homme droit et l'homme gauche , Rev. phil., Paris 47:113, 276 and 371, 1899. 6. Gould, G. M.: Right-Handedness and Left-Handedness , Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Co., 1908. 7. Miles, W. R.: Ocular Dominance: Methods and Results , Psychol. Bull. 25:155, 1928.Crossref 8. Travis, L. E.: Speech Pathology , New York, D. Appleton and Company, 1931. 9. Woo, T. L., and Pearson, K.: Dextrality and Sinistrality of Hand and Eye , Biometrika 19:165 ( (July 15) ) 1927.Crossref 10. Mills, L.: Unilateral Sighting , California & West. Med. 28:189 ( (Feb.) ) 1928. 11. Cuff, N. B.: Relation of Eyedness and Handedness to Psychopathic Tendencies , J. Gen. Psychol. 37:532, 1930. 12. Oates, D.: Ocular Dominance , J. Gen. Psychol. 39:492 and 423, 1931. 13. Freeman, G. L., and Chapman, J. S.: Relative Importance of Eye and Hand Dominance in a Pursuit Skill , Am. J. Psychol. 47:146, 1935. 14. Obarrig, P., in discussion on Mills, L.: Eyedness and Handedness , Am. J. Ophth. 8:933, 1925. 15. Gahagan, H. L.: Visual Dominance: Acuity Relationships , J. Gen. Psychol. 8-9:455, 1933. 16. Schneidemann, cited by Schoen, Z. J., and Scofield, C.F.: A Study of the Relative Neuromuscular Efficiency of the Dominant and Non-Dominant Eye in Binocular Vision , J. Gen. Psychol. 12:156, 1935. 17. McAndrews, L. F.: Ocular Dominance , Arch. Ophth. 13:449 ( (March) ) 1935. 18. Lund, F. H.: Dependence of Eye-Hand Coordinations upon Eye-Dominance , Am. J. Psychol. 44:756, 1932. 19. Sheard, C.: Unilateral Sighting and Ocular Dominance , Am. J. Physiol. Optics 4:567, 1923. 20. Schoen, Z. J., and Scofield, C. F.: A Study of the Relative Neuromuscular Efficiency of the Dominant and Non-Dominant Eye in Binocular Vision , J. Gen. Psychol. 12:156, 1935.

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 1938

References

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