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THE DANLOS-EHLERS SYNDROME: Report of a Case with Transient Paralysis of the Vocal Cord

THE DANLOS-EHLERS SYNDROME: Report of a Case with Transient Paralysis of the Vocal Cord Abstract The Danlos-Ehlers syndrome is also called cutis hyperelastica and dermatorrhexis. Persons with this disorder constitute an undetermined percentage of professional contortionists and exhibitionists; they are spoken of as "india rubber men." Ehlers1 was the first to describe a case, and Danlos2 established the syndrome. The condition is considered very infrequent. Prior to December 1939 only about 60 cases could be culled from the literature.3 There are four primary signs: (1) hyperelasticity of the skin, (2) hypermotility of the joints, (3) a tendency to form abnormal and deficient scar, and (4) small tumors of the skin. Coe and Silvers4 recently reviewed the literature and included as minor symptoms chilblains and acrocyanosis. The cause of the condition is unknown. It is classified in the group of congenital dystrophic anomalies.3 Biopsy of the skin reveals an increase in the elastic elements.5 Three families have been described in References 1. Ehlers, E.: Cutis laxa , Dermat. Ztschr. 8:173, 1901. 2. Danlos, M.: Un cas de cutis laxa , Bull. Soc. franç. de dermat. et syph. 19:70, 1908. 3. Skeer, J., and Kaplan, A.: The Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 42:450 ( (Sept.) ) 1940. 4. Coe, M., and Silvers, S.: The Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome , Am. J. Dis. Child. 59:129 ( (Jan.) ) 1940. 5. Skeer and Kaplan.3 6. Coe and Silvers.4 7. Murray, J. E., and Tyars, M. E.: A Case of Ehlers-Danlos Disease, Brit. M. J. 1:974 (June 15) 1940. 8. Coe and Silvers.4 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

THE DANLOS-EHLERS SYNDROME: Report of a Case with Transient Paralysis of the Vocal Cord

Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry , Volume 47 (2) – Feb 1, 1942

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1942 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1942.02290020132012
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The Danlos-Ehlers syndrome is also called cutis hyperelastica and dermatorrhexis. Persons with this disorder constitute an undetermined percentage of professional contortionists and exhibitionists; they are spoken of as "india rubber men." Ehlers1 was the first to describe a case, and Danlos2 established the syndrome. The condition is considered very infrequent. Prior to December 1939 only about 60 cases could be culled from the literature.3 There are four primary signs: (1) hyperelasticity of the skin, (2) hypermotility of the joints, (3) a tendency to form abnormal and deficient scar, and (4) small tumors of the skin. Coe and Silvers4 recently reviewed the literature and included as minor symptoms chilblains and acrocyanosis. The cause of the condition is unknown. It is classified in the group of congenital dystrophic anomalies.3 Biopsy of the skin reveals an increase in the elastic elements.5 Three families have been described in References 1. Ehlers, E.: Cutis laxa , Dermat. Ztschr. 8:173, 1901. 2. Danlos, M.: Un cas de cutis laxa , Bull. Soc. franç. de dermat. et syph. 19:70, 1908. 3. Skeer, J., and Kaplan, A.: The Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 42:450 ( (Sept.) ) 1940. 4. Coe, M., and Silvers, S.: The Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome , Am. J. Dis. Child. 59:129 ( (Jan.) ) 1940. 5. Skeer and Kaplan.3 6. Coe and Silvers.4 7. Murray, J. E., and Tyars, M. E.: A Case of Ehlers-Danlos Disease, Brit. M. J. 1:974 (June 15) 1940. 8. Coe and Silvers.4

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Feb 1, 1942

References