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THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CONTROL OF THE OCULAR MOVEMENTS AND THE DISTURBANCES OF THIS MECHANISM

THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CONTROL OF THE OCULAR MOVEMENTS AND THE DISTURBANCES OF THIS MECHANISM Abstract DISTURBANCES OF OCULAR MOVEMENT CAUSED BY INTERFERENCE WITH THE NUCLEI AND INTRA-AXIAL COURSE OF THE OCULOMOTOR NERVES The disturbances of eye movement dependent on interference with the nuclei or the intra-axial course of the oculomotor nerves present similar evidence to that discoverable in lesions affecting the extraneural course of the oculomotor nerves. The results of these lesions may be of all kinds and combinations. The nuclei may be completely or incompletely involved, either bilaterally or unilaterally, and any one or more or all of the six oculomotor nuclei may be implicated. The disturbances produced by lesions of the root fibers within the brain stem are similar to those caused by lesions affecting the nuclei. On account of the divergence of the root fibers from each other, the evidence of intra-axial involvement is much less apt to be bilateral, and such lesions are more apt to be limited to a References 1. Greenfield, J. G.. and Stern, R. O.: Anatomical Identity of Werdnig-Hoffmann and Oppenheim Forms of Infantile Muscular Atrophy , Brain 50:652, 1927.Crossref 2. Guillain, G.; Thevenard, A., and Thurel, R.: Syndrome de la Calotte protubérantielle caracterisé par double syndrome de Foville, origine infectieuse probable , Rev. neurol. 1:654, 1927. 3. Dupuy-Dutemps ; Laignel-Lavastine, and Desoille, H.: Un cas de paralysie complète dans les deux sens des mouvements de latéralité des yeux , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 52:1527, 1928. 4. Brownell, M. E.: Primary Spasm of the Superior Oblique Muscle , Am. J. Ophth. 11:41, 1928. 5. Antoni, N.: Eine eigenartige symmetrische Motilitätstörung der Augen Syndrome der internuclearen Langsbündels , Jahrb. f. Psychiat. u. Neurol. 45:15, 1927. 6. Mills, C. K., and Weisenburg, T. H.: Cerebellar Symptoms and Cerebellar Localization , J. A. M. A. 63:1813 ( (Nov. 21) ) 1914.Crossref 7. Orzechowski, C.: De l'ataxie dysmetrique des yeux , Jahrb. f. Psychol. u. Neurol. 35:1, 1927. 8. Alajouanine, T. H.; Delafontaine, P., and Lacan, J.: Fixité du regard par hypertonie, prédominant dans le sens vertical, avec conservation des mouvements automatic, reflexes, aspect spécial de syndrome de Parinaud par hypertonie associée à un syndrome extrapyramidal avec troubles pseudobulbaire , Rev. neurol. 2:410, 1926. 9. Wimmer, A.: Tonic Eye Fits , Acta psychiat. et neurol. 1:173, 1926.Crossref 10. Bing, R., and Schwartz, L.: Movements of the Eyes in Parkinsonism , Encéphale 20:150, 1925. 11. Kennedy, F.: Ocular Disturbances in Epidemic Encephalitis , Arch. Ophth. 1:346 ( (March) ) 1929.Crossref 12. Pardee, I. H.: Paroxysmal Oculogyric Crises in Parkinsonian Encephalitis , Tr. Am. Neurol. A. , 1927, pp. 359-367. 13. Tinel, J., and Baruk, H.: Crises hypertoniques oculigyres d'origine encéphalitique , Encéphale 21:778, 1926. 14. Collins, E. T.: Arboreal Life and the Evolution of the Human Eye , Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1922. 15. Jones, F. Wood : Arboreal Man , London, E. Arnold, 1916. 16. Pryer, W.: The Senses and the Will , New York, D. Appleton & Company, 1893. 17. Schoeler, quoted by Preyer (footnote 30). 18. Prevost, quoted by Wilbrand and Saenger (footnote 1). 19. Monakow, C. V.: Die Lokalization im Grosshirn , Munich, J. F. Bergmann, 1914. 20. Russell, J. S. R.: An Experimental Investigation of Eye Movements , J. Physiol. 17:1, 1894-1895. 21. Bramwell, E.: The Upward Movement of the Eyes , Brain 51:1, 1928.Crossref 22. Riley, H. A.: Report of a Case of Conjugate Deviation of the Eyes with Astereognosis , Arch. Ophth. 48:4, 1919. 23. Bertein, M.: Nystagmus volontaire et dissociation des movements oculaires , Lyon méd. 143:31, 1929. 24. Spiller, W. G.: Unilateral (Unassociated) Innervation of the Ocular Muscles , Tr. Am. Neurol. A. , 1927, pp. 368-385. 25. Ayer, J. B.: Voluntary Dissociated Movements of the Eyes , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 69:69 ( (Jan.) ) 1929. 26. Jelliffe, S. E. : Oculogyric Crises as Compulsive Phenomena in Postencephalitis : Their Occurrence, Phenomenology and Meaning . J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 69:59, (Jan.) ; 165, Feb.; 278, March; 415, April; 531, May; 666, June, 1929 27. Psychologic Components in Postencephalitic Oculogyric Crisis , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 21:491 ( (March) ) 1929. 28. Barkas, M. R.: Tonic Spasm of the Eyes in Conjugate Deviation , Lancet 2:330, 1926. 29. Bailliart, P., and Blum, J.: Crises oculaires toniques latérales et paralysie de la convergence d'origine encéphalitique , Bull. Soc. d'opht. de Paris , 1927, pp. 66-70. 30. Stern, F.: Ueber psychische Zwangsvorgänge und ihre Entstehung bei encephalitischen Blickkrämpfen mit Bemerkungen über die Genese der encephalitischen Blickkrämpfe , Arch. f. Psychiat. 81:522, 1927.Crossref 31. McCowan and Cook: Brain 51:285, 1928.Crossref 32. Critchley, A. M.: Ocular Manifestations Following Encephalitis Lethargica , Bristol Med.-Chir. J. 45:113, 1928. 33. Delbeke, R., and van Bogaert, L.: Le probleme générale des crises oculogyres au cours de l'encéphalite épidémique chronique , Encéphale 23:854, 1928. 34. Marinesco and Radovici, quoted by Wimmer (footnote 23). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CONTROL OF THE OCULAR MOVEMENTS AND THE DISTURBANCES OF THIS MECHANISM

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 4 (6) – Dec 1, 1930

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1930 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1930.00810140097007
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract DISTURBANCES OF OCULAR MOVEMENT CAUSED BY INTERFERENCE WITH THE NUCLEI AND INTRA-AXIAL COURSE OF THE OCULOMOTOR NERVES The disturbances of eye movement dependent on interference with the nuclei or the intra-axial course of the oculomotor nerves present similar evidence to that discoverable in lesions affecting the extraneural course of the oculomotor nerves. The results of these lesions may be of all kinds and combinations. The nuclei may be completely or incompletely involved, either bilaterally or unilaterally, and any one or more or all of the six oculomotor nuclei may be implicated. The disturbances produced by lesions of the root fibers within the brain stem are similar to those caused by lesions affecting the nuclei. On account of the divergence of the root fibers from each other, the evidence of intra-axial involvement is much less apt to be bilateral, and such lesions are more apt to be limited to a References 1. Greenfield, J. G.. and Stern, R. O.: Anatomical Identity of Werdnig-Hoffmann and Oppenheim Forms of Infantile Muscular Atrophy , Brain 50:652, 1927.Crossref 2. Guillain, G.; Thevenard, A., and Thurel, R.: Syndrome de la Calotte protubérantielle caracterisé par double syndrome de Foville, origine infectieuse probable , Rev. neurol. 1:654, 1927. 3. Dupuy-Dutemps ; Laignel-Lavastine, and Desoille, H.: Un cas de paralysie complète dans les deux sens des mouvements de latéralité des yeux , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 52:1527, 1928. 4. Brownell, M. E.: Primary Spasm of the Superior Oblique Muscle , Am. J. Ophth. 11:41, 1928. 5. Antoni, N.: Eine eigenartige symmetrische Motilitätstörung der Augen Syndrome der internuclearen Langsbündels , Jahrb. f. Psychiat. u. Neurol. 45:15, 1927. 6. Mills, C. K., and Weisenburg, T. H.: Cerebellar Symptoms and Cerebellar Localization , J. A. M. A. 63:1813 ( (Nov. 21) ) 1914.Crossref 7. Orzechowski, C.: De l'ataxie dysmetrique des yeux , Jahrb. f. Psychol. u. Neurol. 35:1, 1927. 8. Alajouanine, T. H.; Delafontaine, P., and Lacan, J.: Fixité du regard par hypertonie, prédominant dans le sens vertical, avec conservation des mouvements automatic, reflexes, aspect spécial de syndrome de Parinaud par hypertonie associée à un syndrome extrapyramidal avec troubles pseudobulbaire , Rev. neurol. 2:410, 1926. 9. Wimmer, A.: Tonic Eye Fits , Acta psychiat. et neurol. 1:173, 1926.Crossref 10. Bing, R., and Schwartz, L.: Movements of the Eyes in Parkinsonism , Encéphale 20:150, 1925. 11. Kennedy, F.: Ocular Disturbances in Epidemic Encephalitis , Arch. Ophth. 1:346 ( (March) ) 1929.Crossref 12. Pardee, I. H.: Paroxysmal Oculogyric Crises in Parkinsonian Encephalitis , Tr. Am. Neurol. A. , 1927, pp. 359-367. 13. Tinel, J., and Baruk, H.: Crises hypertoniques oculigyres d'origine encéphalitique , Encéphale 21:778, 1926. 14. Collins, E. T.: Arboreal Life and the Evolution of the Human Eye , Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1922. 15. Jones, F. Wood : Arboreal Man , London, E. Arnold, 1916. 16. Pryer, W.: The Senses and the Will , New York, D. Appleton & Company, 1893. 17. Schoeler, quoted by Preyer (footnote 30). 18. Prevost, quoted by Wilbrand and Saenger (footnote 1). 19. Monakow, C. V.: Die Lokalization im Grosshirn , Munich, J. F. Bergmann, 1914. 20. Russell, J. S. R.: An Experimental Investigation of Eye Movements , J. Physiol. 17:1, 1894-1895. 21. Bramwell, E.: The Upward Movement of the Eyes , Brain 51:1, 1928.Crossref 22. Riley, H. A.: Report of a Case of Conjugate Deviation of the Eyes with Astereognosis , Arch. Ophth. 48:4, 1919. 23. Bertein, M.: Nystagmus volontaire et dissociation des movements oculaires , Lyon méd. 143:31, 1929. 24. Spiller, W. G.: Unilateral (Unassociated) Innervation of the Ocular Muscles , Tr. Am. Neurol. A. , 1927, pp. 368-385. 25. Ayer, J. B.: Voluntary Dissociated Movements of the Eyes , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 69:69 ( (Jan.) ) 1929. 26. Jelliffe, S. E. : Oculogyric Crises as Compulsive Phenomena in Postencephalitis : Their Occurrence, Phenomenology and Meaning . J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 69:59, (Jan.) ; 165, Feb.; 278, March; 415, April; 531, May; 666, June, 1929 27. Psychologic Components in Postencephalitic Oculogyric Crisis , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 21:491 ( (March) ) 1929. 28. Barkas, M. R.: Tonic Spasm of the Eyes in Conjugate Deviation , Lancet 2:330, 1926. 29. Bailliart, P., and Blum, J.: Crises oculaires toniques latérales et paralysie de la convergence d'origine encéphalitique , Bull. Soc. d'opht. de Paris , 1927, pp. 66-70. 30. Stern, F.: Ueber psychische Zwangsvorgänge und ihre Entstehung bei encephalitischen Blickkrämpfen mit Bemerkungen über die Genese der encephalitischen Blickkrämpfe , Arch. f. Psychiat. 81:522, 1927.Crossref 31. McCowan and Cook: Brain 51:285, 1928.Crossref 32. Critchley, A. M.: Ocular Manifestations Following Encephalitis Lethargica , Bristol Med.-Chir. J. 45:113, 1928. 33. Delbeke, R., and van Bogaert, L.: Le probleme générale des crises oculogyres au cours de l'encéphalite épidémique chronique , Encéphale 23:854, 1928. 34. Marinesco and Radovici, quoted by Wimmer (footnote 23).

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Dec 1, 1930

References