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SYPHILIS AND SKIN DISEASES IN THE AMERICAN NEGRO: PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS

SYPHILIS AND SKIN DISEASES IN THE AMERICAN NEGRO: PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS Abstract Since 1910 I have kept a record of the consecutive cases of skin diseases and of syphilis which I have personally observed in the Negro. Most of these cases were seen at Freedmen's Hospital. During the world war advisory boards1 were a prolific source of material. As an unusually high percentage of rare cases has been seen, the following figures should not be taken as indicating the type of cases ordinarily encountered in the dispensary. As to the type of Negro studied, the articles by Howard Fox2 and me3 have given information that need not be duplicated in this paper. A total of 17,878 patients were observed; 6,149 had syphilis, and 11,729 had other skin diseases. In this paper no attempt will be made to study the general subject of syphilis as it affects the Negro race. Zimmermann4 has already studied this question, and in general References 1. Hazen, H. H.: Dermatology and Syphilology in a Medical Advisory Board , J. Cutan. Dis. 37:779, 1919. 2. Fox, Howard: Observations on Skin Diseases in the Negro , J. Cutan. Dis. 26:67 and 109, 1908. 3. Hazen, H. H.: Personal Observations upon Skin Diseases in the American Negro , J. Cutan. Dis. 32:705, 1914. 4. Zimmermann, E. L.: A Comparative Study of Syphilis in Whites and in Negroes , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 4:75 ( (July) ) 1921. 5. Thompson, L. B.: Syphilis: Diagnosis and Treatment , Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1920, p. 52. 6. Zeisler, E. P.: Multiple Chancres of the Lip , J. A. M. A. 68:1546 ( (May 26) ) 1917. 7. Reasoner, M. A.: Some Phases of Experimental Syphilis , J. A. M. A. 67:1799 ( (Dec. 16) ) 1916. 8. Baetz, W. G.: Syphilis in Colored Canal Laborers , New York M. J. 100: 820, 1914. 9. Carter, H. R.: Manifestations of Syphilis Among Negroes: Statistical Inquiry , Rep. Superv. Surg.-Gen. Marine Hosp. , 1883, p. 131. 10. Fox, Howard: Observations on Skin Diseases in the Negro , J. Cutan. Dis. 26:67 and 109, 1908. 11. Hazen, H. H.: The So-Called "Annular Syphilis" of the Negro , J. Cutan. Dis. 21:148, 1913. 12. Michael, J. C., and Seale, E. R.: Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 20:629 ( (Nov.) ) 1929. 13. Hazen, H. H.; Howard, W. J.; Freeman, C. W., and Scull, R. H.: Treatment of Granuloma Inguinale in the Negro , J. A. M. A. 99:1410 ( (Oct. 22) ) 1932. 14. Hazen, H. H., and Strobel, E. R.: Mycosis Fungoides in the Negro , J. Cutan. Dis. 29:147, 1911. 15. Wolff, Bernard: Mycosis Fungoides Occurring in a Negress , J. Cutan. Dis. 32:440, 1914. 16. Hazen, H. H.: Syphilis as a Cause of Chronic Urticaria , Am. J. Syph. 1:750, 1917. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Dermatology and Syphilology American Medical Association

SYPHILIS AND SKIN DISEASES IN THE AMERICAN NEGRO: PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS

Archives of Dermatology and Syphilology , Volume 31 (3) – Mar 1, 1935

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1935 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6029
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1935.01460210027002
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract Since 1910 I have kept a record of the consecutive cases of skin diseases and of syphilis which I have personally observed in the Negro. Most of these cases were seen at Freedmen's Hospital. During the world war advisory boards1 were a prolific source of material. As an unusually high percentage of rare cases has been seen, the following figures should not be taken as indicating the type of cases ordinarily encountered in the dispensary. As to the type of Negro studied, the articles by Howard Fox2 and me3 have given information that need not be duplicated in this paper. A total of 17,878 patients were observed; 6,149 had syphilis, and 11,729 had other skin diseases. In this paper no attempt will be made to study the general subject of syphilis as it affects the Negro race. Zimmermann4 has already studied this question, and in general References 1. Hazen, H. H.: Dermatology and Syphilology in a Medical Advisory Board , J. Cutan. Dis. 37:779, 1919. 2. Fox, Howard: Observations on Skin Diseases in the Negro , J. Cutan. Dis. 26:67 and 109, 1908. 3. Hazen, H. H.: Personal Observations upon Skin Diseases in the American Negro , J. Cutan. Dis. 32:705, 1914. 4. Zimmermann, E. L.: A Comparative Study of Syphilis in Whites and in Negroes , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 4:75 ( (July) ) 1921. 5. Thompson, L. B.: Syphilis: Diagnosis and Treatment , Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1920, p. 52. 6. Zeisler, E. P.: Multiple Chancres of the Lip , J. A. M. A. 68:1546 ( (May 26) ) 1917. 7. Reasoner, M. A.: Some Phases of Experimental Syphilis , J. A. M. A. 67:1799 ( (Dec. 16) ) 1916. 8. Baetz, W. G.: Syphilis in Colored Canal Laborers , New York M. J. 100: 820, 1914. 9. Carter, H. R.: Manifestations of Syphilis Among Negroes: Statistical Inquiry , Rep. Superv. Surg.-Gen. Marine Hosp. , 1883, p. 131. 10. Fox, Howard: Observations on Skin Diseases in the Negro , J. Cutan. Dis. 26:67 and 109, 1908. 11. Hazen, H. H.: The So-Called "Annular Syphilis" of the Negro , J. Cutan. Dis. 21:148, 1913. 12. Michael, J. C., and Seale, E. R.: Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 20:629 ( (Nov.) ) 1929. 13. Hazen, H. H.; Howard, W. J.; Freeman, C. W., and Scull, R. H.: Treatment of Granuloma Inguinale in the Negro , J. A. M. A. 99:1410 ( (Oct. 22) ) 1932. 14. Hazen, H. H., and Strobel, E. R.: Mycosis Fungoides in the Negro , J. Cutan. Dis. 29:147, 1911. 15. Wolff, Bernard: Mycosis Fungoides Occurring in a Negress , J. Cutan. Dis. 32:440, 1914. 16. Hazen, H. H.: Syphilis as a Cause of Chronic Urticaria , Am. J. Syph. 1:750, 1917.

Journal

Archives of Dermatology and SyphilologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1935

References