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SYMPATHECTOMY IN MAN: ITS EFFECT ON THE ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE OF THE SKIN

SYMPATHECTOMY IN MAN: ITS EFFECT ON THE ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE OF THE SKIN Abstract Sympathectomy in animals (monkeys and cats) was found to produce a great and consistent increase in the electrical resistance of the skin, particularly on the foot pad. As the measurements of resistance were found to be useful in the animals for determination of the completeness of sympathectomy, the time required for regeneration after sympathectomy, etc. (Tower and Richter1 and Richter2), further observations were made to determine whether sympathectomy has the same effect in man. These observations were made on fourteen patients with surgical sympathectomy performed for therapeutic purposes (migraine, neuralgia, Hirschsprung's disease and Raynaud's disease). METHODS Knowledge of the electrophysiologic behavior of the skin has been obtained almost exclusively from observations made on the palmar and dorsal surfaces of the hands. Accordingly, the present studies were confined to these areas.Electrodes (pure zinc disks and a saturated paste of zinc sulfate and kaolin) applied to the palms and References 1. Tower, S. S., and Richter, C. P.: Injury and Repair Within the Sympathetic Nervous System: III. Evidence of Activity of Postganglionic Sympathetic Neurons Independent of the Central Nervous System , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:1149-1152 ( (Nov.) ) 1932. 2. Richter, C. P.: Pathologic Sleep and Similar Conditions Studied by the Electrical Skin Resistance Method , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 21:363-375 ( (Feb.) ) 1929. 3. Richter, C. P.: Brain 50:216-236, 1927. 4. Levine, M.: Measurement of Electrical Skin Resistance , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 29:828-842 ( (April) ) 1933. 5. Minor, L.: Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 85:482-507, 1923. 6. Richter, C. P.: Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 45:56-74, 1929 7. High Electrical Resistance of the Skin of New-Born Infants and Its Significance , Am. J. Dis. Child. 40:18-26 ( (July) ) 1930. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

SYMPATHECTOMY IN MAN: ITS EFFECT ON THE ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE OF THE SKIN

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1937 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1937.02260220100005
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Sympathectomy in animals (monkeys and cats) was found to produce a great and consistent increase in the electrical resistance of the skin, particularly on the foot pad. As the measurements of resistance were found to be useful in the animals for determination of the completeness of sympathectomy, the time required for regeneration after sympathectomy, etc. (Tower and Richter1 and Richter2), further observations were made to determine whether sympathectomy has the same effect in man. These observations were made on fourteen patients with surgical sympathectomy performed for therapeutic purposes (migraine, neuralgia, Hirschsprung's disease and Raynaud's disease). METHODS Knowledge of the electrophysiologic behavior of the skin has been obtained almost exclusively from observations made on the palmar and dorsal surfaces of the hands. Accordingly, the present studies were confined to these areas.Electrodes (pure zinc disks and a saturated paste of zinc sulfate and kaolin) applied to the palms and References 1. Tower, S. S., and Richter, C. P.: Injury and Repair Within the Sympathetic Nervous System: III. Evidence of Activity of Postganglionic Sympathetic Neurons Independent of the Central Nervous System , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:1149-1152 ( (Nov.) ) 1932. 2. Richter, C. P.: Pathologic Sleep and Similar Conditions Studied by the Electrical Skin Resistance Method , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 21:363-375 ( (Feb.) ) 1929. 3. Richter, C. P.: Brain 50:216-236, 1927. 4. Levine, M.: Measurement of Electrical Skin Resistance , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 29:828-842 ( (April) ) 1933. 5. Minor, L.: Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 85:482-507, 1923. 6. Richter, C. P.: Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 45:56-74, 1929 7. High Electrical Resistance of the Skin of New-Born Infants and Its Significance , Am. J. Dis. Child. 40:18-26 ( (July) ) 1930.

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1937

References