Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You and Your Team.

Learn More →

Survey of Very-Low-Calorie Weight Reduction Diets: I. Novelty Diets

Survey of Very-Low-Calorie Weight Reduction Diets: I. Novelty Diets Abstract In recent years, a substantial number of diet counselors have developed diet regimens promising rapid weight loss with subsequent renewed health and vigor. Many of these dietary programs are based on total daily calorie levels containing fewer than 1,000 calories/day. This review examines some of the current popular very-low-calorie weight loss programs in relationship to their content and efficacy. Novelty diets rely on the belief that certain foods, nutrients, or other substances have unique, previously undiscovered, or magical properties to facilitate weight loss. Emphasis is frequently placed on eating specific food combinations. The "strawberry and cream diet," "bananas and skim milk diet," "pumpkin-carrot diet," "hot-dog diet," "egg and orange diet," "steak and tomato diet," and the "grapefruit or magic Mayo diet" (no relationship to Mayo Clinic) allow limited food choices.13 These diets imply that their particular food combination will selectively oxidize body fat, inhibit voluntary food intake, remove toxic References 1. Stern JS, Kane-Nuissen B: Obesity: Its assessment, risks, and treatments , in Hodges RE (ed): Nutrition, Metabolic, and Clinical Applications . New York, Plenum Press, 1979, pp 371-375. 2. Stillman I, Baker SS: The Doctor's Quick Weight Loss Diet . Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall Inc, 1967. 3. Overton M, Luikert B: Nutrition and Diet Therapy in Obesity in Clinical Nutrition: A Physiologic Approach . Chicago, Year Book Medical Publishers, 1977. 4. Kempner W: Treatment of heart and kidney disease and of hypertensive and arteriosclerotic vascular disease with the rice diet. Ann Intern Med 1949;31:821-856.Crossref 5. Kempner W, Newborg BC, Peschel RL, et al: Treatment of massive obesity with rice/reduction diet program. Arch Intern Med 1975;135: 1575-1584.Crossref 6. Stunkard AJ: Obesity . Philadelphia, WB Saunders Co, 1980, p 277. 7. Dobbs JC, Kine ZR, Wilmore JH: Evaluation of a lecithin-kelp-vitamin B6-cider vinegar weight reducing diet in human females. Fed Proc 1977; 35:760. 8. Stern J: Diet and exercise , in Greenwood MRG (ed): Obesity . New York, Churchill Livingstone, 1983, vol 4: Contemporary Issues in Clinical Nutrition, pp 65-84. 9. Bieler H: Food Is Your Best Medicine . New York, Ballantine Books, 1982, pp 90-93. 10. Reuben D: The Save Your Life Diet . New York, Random House, 1975. 11. Wade C: The New Enzyme-Catalyst Diet: Amazing Way to Quick Permanent Weight Loss . West Nyack, NY, Parker Publishing Co Inc, 1976. 12. Mazel J: The Beverly Hills Diet . New York, Macmillan Publishing Co Inc, 1981, pp 16, 87. 13. Mirkin GB, Shore RN: The Beverly Hills diet: Dangers of the newest weight loss fad. JAMA 1981;246:2235-2237.Crossref 14. The Beverly Hills diet: Experts call its science slim, its claim puffery. Medical World News , (September) 1981. 15. Simeons ATW: The action of chorionic gonadotropin in the obese. Lancet 1954;2:946-947.Crossref 16. Stein MR, Julis RE, Peck CC, et al: Ineffectiveness of human chorionic gonadotropin in weight reduction: A double-blind study. Am J Clin Nutr 1976;29:940-948. 17. Carne S: The action of chorionic gonadotropin in the obese. Lancet 1961;2:1282-1284.Crossref 18. Rivlin RS: Therapy of obesity with hormones. New Engl J Med 1975;292:26.Crossref 19. Young RL, Fuchs RJ, Woltjen MJ: Chorionic gonadotropin in weight control. JAMA 1976;236:2495-2497.Crossref 20. Ballin JC, White PL: Fallacy and hazard: Human chorionic gonadotropin/500-calorie diet and weight reduction. JAMA 1974;230:693-694.Crossref 21. Johnson HL, Consolazio CG, Krzywich HJ: Metabolic aspects of calorie restriction: Nutrient balances with 500 kilocalorie intakes. Am J Clin Nutr 1971;24:913-923. 22. Erhard D: Nutrition education of the `Now' generation. J Nutr Educ 1971, (spring) , pp 135-139. 23. Sherlock P, Rothechild EO: Scurvy produced by Zen macrobiotic diet. JAMA 1967;199:130-134.Crossref 24. Zen macrobiotic diets, Council on Foods and Nutrition. JAMA 1971;218:397.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Internal Medicine American Medical Association

Survey of Very-Low-Calorie Weight Reduction Diets: I. Novelty Diets

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-medical-association/survey-of-very-low-calorie-weight-reduction-diets-i-novelty-diets-N1JfErEs6M
Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1983 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9926
eISSN
1538-3679
DOI
10.1001/archinte.1983.00350060119019
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract In recent years, a substantial number of diet counselors have developed diet regimens promising rapid weight loss with subsequent renewed health and vigor. Many of these dietary programs are based on total daily calorie levels containing fewer than 1,000 calories/day. This review examines some of the current popular very-low-calorie weight loss programs in relationship to their content and efficacy. Novelty diets rely on the belief that certain foods, nutrients, or other substances have unique, previously undiscovered, or magical properties to facilitate weight loss. Emphasis is frequently placed on eating specific food combinations. The "strawberry and cream diet," "bananas and skim milk diet," "pumpkin-carrot diet," "hot-dog diet," "egg and orange diet," "steak and tomato diet," and the "grapefruit or magic Mayo diet" (no relationship to Mayo Clinic) allow limited food choices.13 These diets imply that their particular food combination will selectively oxidize body fat, inhibit voluntary food intake, remove toxic References 1. Stern JS, Kane-Nuissen B: Obesity: Its assessment, risks, and treatments , in Hodges RE (ed): Nutrition, Metabolic, and Clinical Applications . New York, Plenum Press, 1979, pp 371-375. 2. Stillman I, Baker SS: The Doctor's Quick Weight Loss Diet . Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall Inc, 1967. 3. Overton M, Luikert B: Nutrition and Diet Therapy in Obesity in Clinical Nutrition: A Physiologic Approach . Chicago, Year Book Medical Publishers, 1977. 4. Kempner W: Treatment of heart and kidney disease and of hypertensive and arteriosclerotic vascular disease with the rice diet. Ann Intern Med 1949;31:821-856.Crossref 5. Kempner W, Newborg BC, Peschel RL, et al: Treatment of massive obesity with rice/reduction diet program. Arch Intern Med 1975;135: 1575-1584.Crossref 6. Stunkard AJ: Obesity . Philadelphia, WB Saunders Co, 1980, p 277. 7. Dobbs JC, Kine ZR, Wilmore JH: Evaluation of a lecithin-kelp-vitamin B6-cider vinegar weight reducing diet in human females. Fed Proc 1977; 35:760. 8. Stern J: Diet and exercise , in Greenwood MRG (ed): Obesity . New York, Churchill Livingstone, 1983, vol 4: Contemporary Issues in Clinical Nutrition, pp 65-84. 9. Bieler H: Food Is Your Best Medicine . New York, Ballantine Books, 1982, pp 90-93. 10. Reuben D: The Save Your Life Diet . New York, Random House, 1975. 11. Wade C: The New Enzyme-Catalyst Diet: Amazing Way to Quick Permanent Weight Loss . West Nyack, NY, Parker Publishing Co Inc, 1976. 12. Mazel J: The Beverly Hills Diet . New York, Macmillan Publishing Co Inc, 1981, pp 16, 87. 13. Mirkin GB, Shore RN: The Beverly Hills diet: Dangers of the newest weight loss fad. JAMA 1981;246:2235-2237.Crossref 14. The Beverly Hills diet: Experts call its science slim, its claim puffery. Medical World News , (September) 1981. 15. Simeons ATW: The action of chorionic gonadotropin in the obese. Lancet 1954;2:946-947.Crossref 16. Stein MR, Julis RE, Peck CC, et al: Ineffectiveness of human chorionic gonadotropin in weight reduction: A double-blind study. Am J Clin Nutr 1976;29:940-948. 17. Carne S: The action of chorionic gonadotropin in the obese. Lancet 1961;2:1282-1284.Crossref 18. Rivlin RS: Therapy of obesity with hormones. New Engl J Med 1975;292:26.Crossref 19. Young RL, Fuchs RJ, Woltjen MJ: Chorionic gonadotropin in weight control. JAMA 1976;236:2495-2497.Crossref 20. Ballin JC, White PL: Fallacy and hazard: Human chorionic gonadotropin/500-calorie diet and weight reduction. JAMA 1974;230:693-694.Crossref 21. Johnson HL, Consolazio CG, Krzywich HJ: Metabolic aspects of calorie restriction: Nutrient balances with 500 kilocalorie intakes. Am J Clin Nutr 1971;24:913-923. 22. Erhard D: Nutrition education of the `Now' generation. J Nutr Educ 1971, (spring) , pp 135-139. 23. Sherlock P, Rothechild EO: Scurvy produced by Zen macrobiotic diet. JAMA 1967;199:130-134.Crossref 24. Zen macrobiotic diets, Council on Foods and Nutrition. JAMA 1971;218:397.Crossref

Journal

Archives of Internal MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1983

References