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SUPPURATIVE OTITIS MEDIA AND ITS COMPLICATIONS

SUPPURATIVE OTITIS MEDIA AND ITS COMPLICATIONS Abstract The literature on otitis media and its complications, with the omission of meningitis, is reviewed from January 1941 to July 1942. As might be expected, the paramount interest lies in chemotherapy. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS Day1 presents an interesting paper on cholesteatoma, in which he states that cholesteatoma resulting from ingrowth of epithelium through the drum membrane should be called pseudocholesteatoma. The lesion may be primary, arising from a defect of Shrapnell's membrane, regarding which there is a difference of opinion, or secondary (more common), from the ingrowth of skin from the external canal into the middle ear, replacing destroyed mucosa. He believes that retraction of Shrapnell's membrane is caused by a closing off of the attic from the middle ear due to the entrance of irritating fluids or foreign material into the latter. One of the causes is the prone-back position in which bottle-feeding infants are placed.Diamant2 studied the air References 1. Day, K. M.: Primary Pseudo-Cholesteatoma of the Ear , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:114 ( (Dec.) ) 1941. 2. Diamant, M.: Otitis and Air Cell Systems , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:24 ( (July) ) 1941.Crossref 3. Lillie, H. I.: Treatment of Acute and Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media , J. A. M. A. 115:506 ( (Aug. 17) ) 1940.Crossref 4. Morrison, W.: A Modern Conception of the Pathology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 51:5 ( (May) ) 1942. 5. Shambaugh, G. E.: Treatment of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with the Use of the Endaural Approach for the Radical Mastoidectomy , New Orleans M. & S. J. 94:105 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 6. Rosen, S.: Otogenous Tetanus , Laryngoscope 51:892 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 7. Adams, J. G.: Tuberculous Otitis Media: A Complication of Thoracoplasty , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 51:209 ( (March) ) 1942. 8. Blashki, E. P., and Clowes, A. L.: Operative Treatment of Mastoiditis , M. J. Australia 1:443 ( (April 12) ) 1941. 9. Barkhorn, C. W.: The Acutely Involved Mastoid (Without Complications) Before and After Operation , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:69 ( (July) ) 1941. 10. Leathart, P. W.: The Relation of Infantile Mastoiditis to Infantile Mortality , J. Laryng. & Otol. 56:320 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 11. Neter, E.; Neuberger, E., and Short, L. M.: Otitis Media and Mastoiditis in Children , Arch. Otolaryng. 35:631 ( (April) ) 1942. 12. Stuart, E. A.: Acute Suppurative Otitis Media: Review of Cases Encountered in a Five Year Period , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:734 ( (May) ) 1941. 13. Persky, A. H.: Pneumococcus Type III in Otitic Infections , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:473 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 14. Cooper, K. G.: Acute Mastoiditis Complicated by Schüller-Christian Disease , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:1028 ( (June) ) 1941. 15. Shambaugh, G. E.: Involvement of the Jaw Joint in Acute Suppurative Otitis Media , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:975 ( (June) ) 1941. 16. Lillie, H. I., and Simonton, K. M.: Abscess of the Mandibular Fossa Secondary to Otitis Media , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:485 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 17. Livingston, G. S.: Local Sulfonamide Therapy in Acute Mastoiditis , J. A. M. A. 117:1081 ( (Sept. 27) ) 1941. 18. Bryant, F. L.: Local Use of Sulfanilamide in Otogenic Infections , Arch. Otolaryng. 35:281 ( (Feb.) ) 1942. 19. Guerry, DuP. III, and Putney, F. J.: Local Use of Sulfathiazole in Management of Simple Mastoidectomy Wounds , Arch. Otolaryng. 35:399 ( (March) ) 1942. 20. Frauenberger, G. S.: Infections of the Middle Ear as Related to Other Respiratory Infections , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:1105 ( (June) ) 1941. 21. Jessiman, J. B.: Chemotherapy and Conservation in Acute Suppurative Otitis Media , Brit. M. J. 1:399 ( (March 15) ) 1941.Crossref 22. Bilchick, E. B., and O'Kane, G. H.: Sulfonamide in Otitis Media in Children , Laryngoscope 51:197 ( (Feb.) ) 1941.Crossref 23. Ganz, R. N.; Lyons, C., and Ferguson, C. F.: Chemotherapy and Serotherapy of Acute Otitis Media , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:1185 ( (Dec.) ) 1941. 24. Williams, H. L., and others: Sulfonamide Therapy for Acute Otitis Media and Mastoiditis , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:336 ( (June) ) 1941. 25. Lindsay, J. R.: Chemotherapy in the Treatment of Complications of Acute Middle Ear Suppuration (Petrositis and Meningitis) , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:159 ( (March) ) 1941. 26. Priest, R. E.: Acute Surgical Mastoiditis, with Reference to Postoperative Hearing and the Role of Sulfanilamide and Its Derivatives in Therapy , Arch. Otolaryng. 35:250 ( (Feb.) ) 1942. 27. Cohen, B. M., and Galpern, M.: Sulfathiazole for Treatment of Staphylococcic Meningitis , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:415 ( (March) ) 1941. 28. Bilchick, E. B., and O'Kane, G. H.: Sulfanilamide in Otitis Media in Children , Laryngoscope 51:197 ( (Feb.) ) 1941. 29. Bilchick, E. B., and O'Kane, G. H.: Sulfanilamide in Otitis Media in Children , Laryngoscope 52:341 ( (May) ) 1942. 30. Fowler, E. P., Jr.: Bacteriology of Acute Otitis Media and Its Course Under New and Old Treatment , Canad. M. A. J. 44:372 ( (April) ) 1941. 31. Williams, H. L., and Hallberg, O. E.: Congenital Absence of the Cranial Venous Sinuses on the Right , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:78 ( (Jan.) ) 1941. 32. Hubert, L.: Thrombosis of Lateral Sinus: Analysis of Results Obtained in One Hundred and Nineteen Cases , J. A. M. A. 117:1409 ( (Oct. 25) ) 1941. 33. Friesner, I.: An Analysis of the Ocular Fundus Changes in Otitic Sinus Thrombosis , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:32 ( (March) ) 1941. 34. Brunner, H.: Post-Operative Sinus Thrombosis , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:509 ( (April) ) 1941. 35. Druss, J. G.: Thrombophlebitis of the Cavernous Sinus of Otitic Origin , Laryngoscope 52:115 ( (Feb.) ) 1942. 36. McCall, J. U., and Freeman, M. S.: Septicemia Due to Friedländer's Bacillus , Arch. Otolaryng. 35:772 ( (May) ) 1942. 37. Kemler, J. I., and Tiefenthal, G.: Spontaneous Rupture of the Lateral Sinus in Otitis Media , Laryngoscope 52:110 ( (Feb.) ) 1942. 38. Brown, E. H.: Petrositis with Contralateral Symptoms , Laryngoscope 52:200 ( (March) ) 1942. 39. Hubby, L. M.: A Present Conception of Gradenigo's Syndrome , Laryngoscope 51:1085 ( (Dec.) ) 1941. 40. Reeves, E.: Otorhinogenic Hydrocephalus , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:920 ( (Nov.) ) 1941. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

SUPPURATIVE OTITIS MEDIA AND ITS COMPLICATIONS

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1943 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1943.00670030741015
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Abstract

Abstract The literature on otitis media and its complications, with the omission of meningitis, is reviewed from January 1941 to July 1942. As might be expected, the paramount interest lies in chemotherapy. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS Day1 presents an interesting paper on cholesteatoma, in which he states that cholesteatoma resulting from ingrowth of epithelium through the drum membrane should be called pseudocholesteatoma. The lesion may be primary, arising from a defect of Shrapnell's membrane, regarding which there is a difference of opinion, or secondary (more common), from the ingrowth of skin from the external canal into the middle ear, replacing destroyed mucosa. He believes that retraction of Shrapnell's membrane is caused by a closing off of the attic from the middle ear due to the entrance of irritating fluids or foreign material into the latter. One of the causes is the prone-back position in which bottle-feeding infants are placed.Diamant2 studied the air References 1. Day, K. M.: Primary Pseudo-Cholesteatoma of the Ear , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:114 ( (Dec.) ) 1941. 2. Diamant, M.: Otitis and Air Cell Systems , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:24 ( (July) ) 1941.Crossref 3. Lillie, H. I.: Treatment of Acute and Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media , J. A. M. A. 115:506 ( (Aug. 17) ) 1940.Crossref 4. Morrison, W.: A Modern Conception of the Pathology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 51:5 ( (May) ) 1942. 5. Shambaugh, G. E.: Treatment of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media with the Use of the Endaural Approach for the Radical Mastoidectomy , New Orleans M. & S. J. 94:105 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 6. Rosen, S.: Otogenous Tetanus , Laryngoscope 51:892 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 7. Adams, J. G.: Tuberculous Otitis Media: A Complication of Thoracoplasty , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 51:209 ( (March) ) 1942. 8. Blashki, E. P., and Clowes, A. L.: Operative Treatment of Mastoiditis , M. J. Australia 1:443 ( (April 12) ) 1941. 9. Barkhorn, C. W.: The Acutely Involved Mastoid (Without Complications) Before and After Operation , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:69 ( (July) ) 1941. 10. Leathart, P. W.: The Relation of Infantile Mastoiditis to Infantile Mortality , J. Laryng. & Otol. 56:320 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 11. Neter, E.; Neuberger, E., and Short, L. M.: Otitis Media and Mastoiditis in Children , Arch. Otolaryng. 35:631 ( (April) ) 1942. 12. Stuart, E. A.: Acute Suppurative Otitis Media: Review of Cases Encountered in a Five Year Period , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:734 ( (May) ) 1941. 13. Persky, A. H.: Pneumococcus Type III in Otitic Infections , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:473 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 14. Cooper, K. G.: Acute Mastoiditis Complicated by Schüller-Christian Disease , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:1028 ( (June) ) 1941. 15. Shambaugh, G. E.: Involvement of the Jaw Joint in Acute Suppurative Otitis Media , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:975 ( (June) ) 1941. 16. Lillie, H. I., and Simonton, K. M.: Abscess of the Mandibular Fossa Secondary to Otitis Media , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:485 ( (Sept.) ) 1941. 17. Livingston, G. S.: Local Sulfonamide Therapy in Acute Mastoiditis , J. A. M. A. 117:1081 ( (Sept. 27) ) 1941. 18. Bryant, F. L.: Local Use of Sulfanilamide in Otogenic Infections , Arch. Otolaryng. 35:281 ( (Feb.) ) 1942. 19. Guerry, DuP. III, and Putney, F. J.: Local Use of Sulfathiazole in Management of Simple Mastoidectomy Wounds , Arch. Otolaryng. 35:399 ( (March) ) 1942. 20. Frauenberger, G. S.: Infections of the Middle Ear as Related to Other Respiratory Infections , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:1105 ( (June) ) 1941. 21. Jessiman, J. B.: Chemotherapy and Conservation in Acute Suppurative Otitis Media , Brit. M. J. 1:399 ( (March 15) ) 1941.Crossref 22. Bilchick, E. B., and O'Kane, G. H.: Sulfonamide in Otitis Media in Children , Laryngoscope 51:197 ( (Feb.) ) 1941.Crossref 23. Ganz, R. N.; Lyons, C., and Ferguson, C. F.: Chemotherapy and Serotherapy of Acute Otitis Media , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:1185 ( (Dec.) ) 1941. 24. Williams, H. L., and others: Sulfonamide Therapy for Acute Otitis Media and Mastoiditis , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:336 ( (June) ) 1941. 25. Lindsay, J. R.: Chemotherapy in the Treatment of Complications of Acute Middle Ear Suppuration (Petrositis and Meningitis) , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:159 ( (March) ) 1941. 26. Priest, R. E.: Acute Surgical Mastoiditis, with Reference to Postoperative Hearing and the Role of Sulfanilamide and Its Derivatives in Therapy , Arch. Otolaryng. 35:250 ( (Feb.) ) 1942. 27. Cohen, B. M., and Galpern, M.: Sulfathiazole for Treatment of Staphylococcic Meningitis , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:415 ( (March) ) 1941. 28. Bilchick, E. B., and O'Kane, G. H.: Sulfanilamide in Otitis Media in Children , Laryngoscope 51:197 ( (Feb.) ) 1941. 29. Bilchick, E. B., and O'Kane, G. H.: Sulfanilamide in Otitis Media in Children , Laryngoscope 52:341 ( (May) ) 1942. 30. Fowler, E. P., Jr.: Bacteriology of Acute Otitis Media and Its Course Under New and Old Treatment , Canad. M. A. J. 44:372 ( (April) ) 1941. 31. Williams, H. L., and Hallberg, O. E.: Congenital Absence of the Cranial Venous Sinuses on the Right , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:78 ( (Jan.) ) 1941. 32. Hubert, L.: Thrombosis of Lateral Sinus: Analysis of Results Obtained in One Hundred and Nineteen Cases , J. A. M. A. 117:1409 ( (Oct. 25) ) 1941. 33. Friesner, I.: An Analysis of the Ocular Fundus Changes in Otitic Sinus Thrombosis , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:32 ( (March) ) 1941. 34. Brunner, H.: Post-Operative Sinus Thrombosis , Arch. Otolaryng. 33:509 ( (April) ) 1941. 35. Druss, J. G.: Thrombophlebitis of the Cavernous Sinus of Otitic Origin , Laryngoscope 52:115 ( (Feb.) ) 1942. 36. McCall, J. U., and Freeman, M. S.: Septicemia Due to Friedländer's Bacillus , Arch. Otolaryng. 35:772 ( (May) ) 1942. 37. Kemler, J. I., and Tiefenthal, G.: Spontaneous Rupture of the Lateral Sinus in Otitis Media , Laryngoscope 52:110 ( (Feb.) ) 1942. 38. Brown, E. H.: Petrositis with Contralateral Symptoms , Laryngoscope 52:200 ( (March) ) 1942. 39. Hubby, L. M.: A Present Conception of Gradenigo's Syndrome , Laryngoscope 51:1085 ( (Dec.) ) 1941. 40. Reeves, E.: Otorhinogenic Hydrocephalus , Arch. Otolaryng. 34:920 ( (Nov.) ) 1941.

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: May 1, 1943

References