ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Suboptimal Nutritional Intake for Hypertension Control in 4 Ethnic Groups Sue K. Gao, MPH, PhD; Annette L. Fitzpatrick, PhD; Bruce Psaty, MD, PhD; Rui Jiang, MD, DrPH; Wendy Post, MD, MS; Jeffrey Cutler, MD; Matthew L. Maciejewski, PhD Background: This study compared intake of specific nu- trients but saturated fat. Compared with white participants, trients based on the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hyper- Chinese American participants had greater DASH accordance tension (DASH) guidelines for hypertension manage- in cholesterol (odds ratio [OR], 1.37; 95% confidence inter- ment among multiethnic middle-aged and older adults. val [CI], 1.13-1.67) and protein intake (2.32; 1.55-3.49) but less in total fat (0.47; 0.30-0.74), magnesium (0.58; 0.51- Methods: We conducted quantitative analysis using base- 0.67), and potassium intake (0.40; 0.20-0.81); African Ameri- line data of a prospective cohort study of 5972 adults aged cans and Hispanics had greater DASH accordance in fiber 45 to 84 years recruited between July 2000 and August intake (1.36; 1.13-1.62; and 2.23; 1.53-3.23, respectively) 2002 who participated in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Ath- but less in calcium intake (0.44; 0.37-0.52; and 0.79; 0.68- erosclerosis (MESA). Diet information was collected using 0.91, respectively). Diagnosed and uncontrolled hyperten- a 120-item food
JAMA Internal Medicine – American Medical Association
Published: Apr 13, 2009
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