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STUDIES IN DISEASES OF MUSCLE: XV. PROGRESSIVE SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY AS A LATE SEQUEL OF ACUTE EPIDEMIC ENCEPHALITIS; REPORT ON TWO CASES

STUDIES IN DISEASES OF MUSCLE: XV. PROGRESSIVE SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY AS A LATE SEQUEL OF ACUTE... Abstract Progressive spinal muscular atrophy as a late sequel of acute epidemic encephalitis has been described by several authors, but the possibility of its occurrence is not generally acknowledged. The entity is of interest, not only for a more complete understanding of epidemic encephalitis but for its possible etiologic relationship to certain instances of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and chronic progressive anterior poliomyelitis. It is for the latter reason that the following 2 cases are reported. REPORT OF CASES Case 1.— History. —The patient, a Polish-born salesman, aged 50, was first seen in the New York Hospital on May 14, 1940, complaining of immobility of the face, progressive weakness of the left arm and increasing tremor of both upper extremities. About nine months previously, he first noted tremor, weakness and fatigability of the left upper extremity. At about the same time there developed a severe cramp in the fingers of the left References 1. Froment, J., and Gennevois, E.: Atrophie musculaire progressive myélopathique et encéphalomyélite myoclonique , Rev. neurol. 28:726, 1921. 2. Gutmann, R. A., and Kudelski: Encéphalite léthargique datant de cinq ans avec séquelles myopathiques à type Landouzy-Dejerine , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 45:24, 1921. 3. Froment, J.: Sclérose latérale amyotrophique et encéphalite épidémique , Rev. neurol. 32:842, 1925. 4. Sicard, J. A., and Paraf, J.: Encéphalites amyotrophiques, de type radiculaire ou péripherique , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 44:1289, 1920. 5. Netter, in discussion on Sicard and Paraf.4 6. Guillain, G., and Alajouanine, T.: Sclérose latérale amyotrophique avec contracture intense du type extrapyramidal (hypertonic plastique et exagération des réflexes de posture): Discussion de son étiologie encéphalitique , Rev. neurol. 33:337, 1926. 7. Euzière, J.; Pages, P., and Janbon, M.: Poliomyélite antérieure chronique consécutive à une névraxite épidemique , Bull. Soc. sc. méd. biol. Montpellier 7:85, 1926 8. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 44:80, 1926. 9. Carr, A. D.: An Encephalitic Residual Simulating Progressive Muscular Atrophy of Shoulder Girdle Type , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 16:344 ( (Sept.) ) 1926. 10. Wimmer: Amyotrophies de type sclérose latérale amyotrophique dans l'encéphalite épidémique chronique , Rev. neurol. 32:841, 1925. 11. Wimmer, A., and Neel, A. V.: Les amyotrophies systématisées dans l'encéphalite épidémique chronique , Acta psychiat. et neurol. 3:319, 1928. 12. Wimmer, A.: Les amyotrophies systématisées dans l'encéphalite épidémique chronique , Acta med. Scandinav. , 1928, (supp. 26) , p. 392. 13. Jancsó, S.: Ueber ein nach Encephalitis epidemica beobachtetes, der amyotrophischen Lateralsklerose ähnliches Krankheitsbild , Klin. Wchnschr. 7:2442, 1928. 14. Nyssen, and van Bogaert, L.: Forme médullaire de l'encéphalite épidémique chronique , J. d. neurol. et psychiat. 28:114, 1928. 15. Ornsteen, A. M.: The Syndrome of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in Epidemic Encephalitis , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 82:369, 1930. 16. Illing, E.: Uebergreifen der Encephalitis lethargica auf das Rückenmark , Monatschr. f. Psychiat. u. Neurol. 82:177, 1932. 17. Yealland, L. R.: Progressive Muscular Atrophy Associated with Paralysis Agitans , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 31:211, 1938. 18. Lhermitte, L.; Thibault, and Ajuriaguerra: Syndrome de sclérose latérale amyotrophique d'origine encéphalitique , Rev. neurol. 45:372, 1938. 19. Decourt, J.; Mathieu, P., and Meyer, L.: Syndrome de sclérose latérale amyotrophique consécutif à une encéphalite léthargique; signes extrapyramidaux associés , Rev. neurol. (pt. 2) 41:596, 1934. 20. Khait, M. B.: Syndrome of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Developing After Epidemic Encephalitis , Sovet. psikhonevrol. (nos. (4-5) ) 15:85, 1939 21. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 97:400, 1940. 22. Wechsler, I. S.; Sapirstein, M. R., and Stein, A.: Primary and Symptomatic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Clinical Study of Eighty-One Cases , Am. J. M. Sc. 208:70, 1944. 23. Matzdorff, P.: Zur Pathogenese der amyotrophischen Lateralsklerose , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 94:703, 1925.Crossref 24. Poussepp and Rives: Contribution à la pathologie et á la pathogénie de la sclérose latérale amyotrophique , Rev. neurol. 32:834, 1925. 25. Kraus, W. M.: An Unusual Case of Epidemic Encephalomyelitis , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 52:142, 1920. 26. Calhoun, H. A.: Histopathology of the Brain and Spinal Cord in a Case Presenting a Postinfluenzal Lethargic Encephalitis Syndrome , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 3:1 ( (Jan.) ) 1920. 27. Grinker, J.: Report of an Unusual Case of Lethargic Encephalitis , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 52:323, 1920. 28. Mingazzini, G.: Klinischer und anatomisch-pathologischer Beitrag zum Studium der Encephalitis epidemica (lethargica) , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 63:199, 1921. 29. Gross, W.: Ueber Encephalitis epidemica , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 63: 299, 1921. 30. Stern, F.: Encephalitis Epidemica , Fortschr. d. Neurol., Psychiat. 1:205, 1929 31. Illing.14 32. Cruchet, R., and Verger, H.: Les formes basses de l'encéphalomyélite épidémique, myélites, radiculites, polynévrites , Presse méd. 34:737, 1926. 33. Robinzon, I. A., and Sergeeva, J. I.: Pathologo-Anatomical Changes in the Nervous System Associated with Spring-Summer (Forest) Encephalitis , Arch. biol. nauck 56:71, 1939 34. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 97:9, 1940. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

STUDIES IN DISEASES OF MUSCLE: XV. PROGRESSIVE SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY AS A LATE SEQUEL OF ACUTE EPIDEMIC ENCEPHALITIS; REPORT ON TWO CASES

Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry , Volume 55 (2) – Feb 1, 1946

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American Medical Association
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Copyright © 1946 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
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0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1946.02300130060004
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Abstract

Abstract Progressive spinal muscular atrophy as a late sequel of acute epidemic encephalitis has been described by several authors, but the possibility of its occurrence is not generally acknowledged. The entity is of interest, not only for a more complete understanding of epidemic encephalitis but for its possible etiologic relationship to certain instances of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and chronic progressive anterior poliomyelitis. It is for the latter reason that the following 2 cases are reported. REPORT OF CASES Case 1.— History. —The patient, a Polish-born salesman, aged 50, was first seen in the New York Hospital on May 14, 1940, complaining of immobility of the face, progressive weakness of the left arm and increasing tremor of both upper extremities. About nine months previously, he first noted tremor, weakness and fatigability of the left upper extremity. At about the same time there developed a severe cramp in the fingers of the left References 1. Froment, J., and Gennevois, E.: Atrophie musculaire progressive myélopathique et encéphalomyélite myoclonique , Rev. neurol. 28:726, 1921. 2. Gutmann, R. A., and Kudelski: Encéphalite léthargique datant de cinq ans avec séquelles myopathiques à type Landouzy-Dejerine , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 45:24, 1921. 3. Froment, J.: Sclérose latérale amyotrophique et encéphalite épidémique , Rev. neurol. 32:842, 1925. 4. Sicard, J. A., and Paraf, J.: Encéphalites amyotrophiques, de type radiculaire ou péripherique , Bull. et mém. Soc. méd. d. hôp. de Paris 44:1289, 1920. 5. Netter, in discussion on Sicard and Paraf.4 6. Guillain, G., and Alajouanine, T.: Sclérose latérale amyotrophique avec contracture intense du type extrapyramidal (hypertonic plastique et exagération des réflexes de posture): Discussion de son étiologie encéphalitique , Rev. neurol. 33:337, 1926. 7. Euzière, J.; Pages, P., and Janbon, M.: Poliomyélite antérieure chronique consécutive à une névraxite épidemique , Bull. Soc. sc. méd. biol. Montpellier 7:85, 1926 8. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 44:80, 1926. 9. Carr, A. D.: An Encephalitic Residual Simulating Progressive Muscular Atrophy of Shoulder Girdle Type , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 16:344 ( (Sept.) ) 1926. 10. Wimmer: Amyotrophies de type sclérose latérale amyotrophique dans l'encéphalite épidémique chronique , Rev. neurol. 32:841, 1925. 11. Wimmer, A., and Neel, A. V.: Les amyotrophies systématisées dans l'encéphalite épidémique chronique , Acta psychiat. et neurol. 3:319, 1928. 12. Wimmer, A.: Les amyotrophies systématisées dans l'encéphalite épidémique chronique , Acta med. Scandinav. , 1928, (supp. 26) , p. 392. 13. Jancsó, S.: Ueber ein nach Encephalitis epidemica beobachtetes, der amyotrophischen Lateralsklerose ähnliches Krankheitsbild , Klin. Wchnschr. 7:2442, 1928. 14. Nyssen, and van Bogaert, L.: Forme médullaire de l'encéphalite épidémique chronique , J. d. neurol. et psychiat. 28:114, 1928. 15. Ornsteen, A. M.: The Syndrome of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in Epidemic Encephalitis , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 82:369, 1930. 16. Illing, E.: Uebergreifen der Encephalitis lethargica auf das Rückenmark , Monatschr. f. Psychiat. u. Neurol. 82:177, 1932. 17. Yealland, L. R.: Progressive Muscular Atrophy Associated with Paralysis Agitans , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 31:211, 1938. 18. Lhermitte, L.; Thibault, and Ajuriaguerra: Syndrome de sclérose latérale amyotrophique d'origine encéphalitique , Rev. neurol. 45:372, 1938. 19. Decourt, J.; Mathieu, P., and Meyer, L.: Syndrome de sclérose latérale amyotrophique consécutif à une encéphalite léthargique; signes extrapyramidaux associés , Rev. neurol. (pt. 2) 41:596, 1934. 20. Khait, M. B.: Syndrome of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Developing After Epidemic Encephalitis , Sovet. psikhonevrol. (nos. (4-5) ) 15:85, 1939 21. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 97:400, 1940. 22. Wechsler, I. S.; Sapirstein, M. R., and Stein, A.: Primary and Symptomatic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Clinical Study of Eighty-One Cases , Am. J. M. Sc. 208:70, 1944. 23. Matzdorff, P.: Zur Pathogenese der amyotrophischen Lateralsklerose , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 94:703, 1925.Crossref 24. Poussepp and Rives: Contribution à la pathologie et á la pathogénie de la sclérose latérale amyotrophique , Rev. neurol. 32:834, 1925. 25. Kraus, W. M.: An Unusual Case of Epidemic Encephalomyelitis , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 52:142, 1920. 26. Calhoun, H. A.: Histopathology of the Brain and Spinal Cord in a Case Presenting a Postinfluenzal Lethargic Encephalitis Syndrome , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 3:1 ( (Jan.) ) 1920. 27. Grinker, J.: Report of an Unusual Case of Lethargic Encephalitis , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 52:323, 1920. 28. Mingazzini, G.: Klinischer und anatomisch-pathologischer Beitrag zum Studium der Encephalitis epidemica (lethargica) , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 63:199, 1921. 29. Gross, W.: Ueber Encephalitis epidemica , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 63: 299, 1921. 30. Stern, F.: Encephalitis Epidemica , Fortschr. d. Neurol., Psychiat. 1:205, 1929 31. Illing.14 32. Cruchet, R., and Verger, H.: Les formes basses de l'encéphalomyélite épidémique, myélites, radiculites, polynévrites , Presse méd. 34:737, 1926. 33. Robinzon, I. A., and Sergeeva, J. I.: Pathologo-Anatomical Changes in the Nervous System Associated with Spring-Summer (Forest) Encephalitis , Arch. biol. nauck 56:71, 1939 34. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 97:9, 1940.

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Feb 1, 1946

References