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Strabismus and Amblyopia Associated With Regressed Retinopathy of Prematurity

Strabismus and Amblyopia Associated With Regressed Retinopathy of Prematurity Abstract • A series of 38 patients with regressed retinopathy of prematurity were compared with control groups of babies having similar gestational age who did not have retinopathy of prematurity, and to a control group of full-term babies. A substantially higher incidence of strabismus, amblyopia, and high refractive errors was found in the group with retinopathy of prematurity as compared with both other groups. In general, these patients had a successful response to standard amblyopia and strabismus management. No substantial difference was found between the refractive errors of the babies in the premature control group and the term control group. References 1. Terry TL: Extreme prematurity and fibroblastic overgrowth of persistent vascular sheath behind each crystalline lens . Am J Ophthalmol 1942;25:203-208. 2. Patz A, Hoeck LE, de la Cruz E: Studies on the effect of high oxygen administration in retrolental fibroplasia: I. Nursery observations . Am J Ophthalmol 1952;35:1248-1252. 3. Kinsey VE: Cooperative study of retrolental fibroplasia and the use of oxygen . Arch Ophthalmol 1956;56:481-529.Crossref 4. Newell FW, Patz A: The ophthalmologist in the premature nursery . Am J Ophthalmol 1968; 66:969-970. 5. Patz A: Retrolental fibroplasia . Surv Ophthalmol 1969;14:1-29. 6. Reese AB, King M, Owens WC: A classification of retrolental fibroplasia . Am J Ophthalmol 1953;36:1333-1335. 7. Kingham JD: Acute retrolental fibroplasia . Arch Ophthalmol 1977;95:39-47.Crossref 8. Flynn JT, O'Grady GE, Herrera J, et al: Retrolental fibroplasia: I. Clinical observations . Arch Ophthalmol 1977;95:217-223.Crossref 9. McPherson A, Hittner HM: Scleral buckling in 2½- to 11-month-old premature infants with retinal detachments associated with acute retrolental fibroplasia . Ophthalmology 1979;86:819-835.Crossref 10. Tasman W, Annesley W Jr: Retinal detachment in retinopathy of prematurity . Arch Ophthalmol 1966;75:608-614.Crossref 11. Tasman W: Retinal detachment in retrolental fibroplasia . Albrecht Von Graefes Arch Klin Exp Ophthalmol 1975;195:129-139.Crossref 12. Faris BM, Brockhurst RJ: Retrolental fibroplasia in the cicatricial state: The complication of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment . Arch Ophthalmol 1969;82:60-65.Crossref 13. Hittner HM, Rhodes LM, McPherson AR: Anterior segment abnormalities in cicatricial retinopathy of prematurity . Ophthalmology 1979; 86:803-816.Crossref 14. Foster RS, Metz HS, Jampolsky A: Strabismus and pseudostrabismus with retrolental fibroplasia . Am J Ophthalmol 1975;79:985-989. 15. Zacharias L, Chisholm JF Jr, Chapman RB: Visual and ocular damage in retrolental fibroplasia . Am J Ophthalmol 1962;53:337-345. 16. Bayley N: Bayley Scales of Infant Development . New York, The Psychological Corp, 1969, pp 1-178. 17. Kushner BJ, Essner D, Cohen IJ, et al: Retrolental fibroplasia: II. Pathologic correlation . Arch Ophthalmol 1977;95:29-38.Crossref 18. Dubowitz LMS, Dubowitz V, Goldberg C: Clinical assessment of gestational age in the newborn infant . J Pediatr 1970;77:1-4.Crossref 19. Muhlendyck H: Diagnosis of convergent strabismus with nystagmus and its treatment with Cuppers (Faden operation) , in Moore S, Mein J, Stockbridge L (eds): Orthoptics, Past, Present, and Future , Miami, Symposia Specialists, 1976, pp 143-154. 20. Fletcher MC, Brandon S: Myopia of prematurity . Am J Ophthalmol 1955;40:474-481. 21. Graham MV, Gray OP: Refraction of premature babies eyes . Br Med J 1963;1:1452-1454.Crossref 22. Shapiro A, Yanko L, Nawratzki I, et al: Refractive power of premature children at infancy and early childhood . Am J Ophthalmol 1980; 90:234-238. 23. Kalina RE: Ophthalmic examination of children of low birth weight . Am J Ophthalmol 1969;67:134-136. 24. Tasman W: Late complications of retrolental fibroplasia . Ophthalmology 1979;86:1724-1740.Crossref 25. Fulton AB, Dobson V, Salem D, et al: Cycloplegic refractions in infants and young children . Am J Ophthalmol 1980;90:239-247. 26. Friedman L, Biedner B, David R, et al: Screening for refractive errors, strabismus, and other ocular anomalies from ages 6 months to 3 years . J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1980; 17:315-317. 27. Flynn JT, Cassady J, Essner D, et al: Fluorescein angiography in retrolental fibroplasia: Experience from 1969-1977 . Ophthalmology 1979;86:1700-1723.Crossref 28. Haugaard N: Cellular mechanism of oxygen toxicity . Physiol Rev 1968;48:352. 29. Kalina RE: Treatment of retrolental fibroplasia . Surv Ophthalmol 1980;24:229-236.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

Strabismus and Amblyopia Associated With Regressed Retinopathy of Prematurity

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 100 (2) – Feb 1, 1982

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1982 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1982.01030030258004
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract • A series of 38 patients with regressed retinopathy of prematurity were compared with control groups of babies having similar gestational age who did not have retinopathy of prematurity, and to a control group of full-term babies. A substantially higher incidence of strabismus, amblyopia, and high refractive errors was found in the group with retinopathy of prematurity as compared with both other groups. In general, these patients had a successful response to standard amblyopia and strabismus management. No substantial difference was found between the refractive errors of the babies in the premature control group and the term control group. References 1. Terry TL: Extreme prematurity and fibroblastic overgrowth of persistent vascular sheath behind each crystalline lens . Am J Ophthalmol 1942;25:203-208. 2. Patz A, Hoeck LE, de la Cruz E: Studies on the effect of high oxygen administration in retrolental fibroplasia: I. Nursery observations . Am J Ophthalmol 1952;35:1248-1252. 3. Kinsey VE: Cooperative study of retrolental fibroplasia and the use of oxygen . Arch Ophthalmol 1956;56:481-529.Crossref 4. Newell FW, Patz A: The ophthalmologist in the premature nursery . Am J Ophthalmol 1968; 66:969-970. 5. Patz A: Retrolental fibroplasia . Surv Ophthalmol 1969;14:1-29. 6. Reese AB, King M, Owens WC: A classification of retrolental fibroplasia . Am J Ophthalmol 1953;36:1333-1335. 7. Kingham JD: Acute retrolental fibroplasia . Arch Ophthalmol 1977;95:39-47.Crossref 8. Flynn JT, O'Grady GE, Herrera J, et al: Retrolental fibroplasia: I. Clinical observations . Arch Ophthalmol 1977;95:217-223.Crossref 9. McPherson A, Hittner HM: Scleral buckling in 2½- to 11-month-old premature infants with retinal detachments associated with acute retrolental fibroplasia . Ophthalmology 1979;86:819-835.Crossref 10. Tasman W, Annesley W Jr: Retinal detachment in retinopathy of prematurity . Arch Ophthalmol 1966;75:608-614.Crossref 11. Tasman W: Retinal detachment in retrolental fibroplasia . Albrecht Von Graefes Arch Klin Exp Ophthalmol 1975;195:129-139.Crossref 12. Faris BM, Brockhurst RJ: Retrolental fibroplasia in the cicatricial state: The complication of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment . Arch Ophthalmol 1969;82:60-65.Crossref 13. Hittner HM, Rhodes LM, McPherson AR: Anterior segment abnormalities in cicatricial retinopathy of prematurity . Ophthalmology 1979; 86:803-816.Crossref 14. Foster RS, Metz HS, Jampolsky A: Strabismus and pseudostrabismus with retrolental fibroplasia . Am J Ophthalmol 1975;79:985-989. 15. Zacharias L, Chisholm JF Jr, Chapman RB: Visual and ocular damage in retrolental fibroplasia . Am J Ophthalmol 1962;53:337-345. 16. Bayley N: Bayley Scales of Infant Development . New York, The Psychological Corp, 1969, pp 1-178. 17. Kushner BJ, Essner D, Cohen IJ, et al: Retrolental fibroplasia: II. Pathologic correlation . Arch Ophthalmol 1977;95:29-38.Crossref 18. Dubowitz LMS, Dubowitz V, Goldberg C: Clinical assessment of gestational age in the newborn infant . J Pediatr 1970;77:1-4.Crossref 19. Muhlendyck H: Diagnosis of convergent strabismus with nystagmus and its treatment with Cuppers (Faden operation) , in Moore S, Mein J, Stockbridge L (eds): Orthoptics, Past, Present, and Future , Miami, Symposia Specialists, 1976, pp 143-154. 20. Fletcher MC, Brandon S: Myopia of prematurity . Am J Ophthalmol 1955;40:474-481. 21. Graham MV, Gray OP: Refraction of premature babies eyes . Br Med J 1963;1:1452-1454.Crossref 22. Shapiro A, Yanko L, Nawratzki I, et al: Refractive power of premature children at infancy and early childhood . Am J Ophthalmol 1980; 90:234-238. 23. Kalina RE: Ophthalmic examination of children of low birth weight . Am J Ophthalmol 1969;67:134-136. 24. Tasman W: Late complications of retrolental fibroplasia . Ophthalmology 1979;86:1724-1740.Crossref 25. Fulton AB, Dobson V, Salem D, et al: Cycloplegic refractions in infants and young children . Am J Ophthalmol 1980;90:239-247. 26. Friedman L, Biedner B, David R, et al: Screening for refractive errors, strabismus, and other ocular anomalies from ages 6 months to 3 years . J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1980; 17:315-317. 27. Flynn JT, Cassady J, Essner D, et al: Fluorescein angiography in retrolental fibroplasia: Experience from 1969-1977 . Ophthalmology 1979;86:1700-1723.Crossref 28. Haugaard N: Cellular mechanism of oxygen toxicity . Physiol Rev 1968;48:352. 29. Kalina RE: Treatment of retrolental fibroplasia . Surv Ophthalmol 1980;24:229-236.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Feb 1, 1982

References