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Stapes Mobilization in Otosclerosis: Primary Results and a Review of Sixty-Three Cases

Stapes Mobilization in Otosclerosis: Primary Results and a Review of Sixty-Three Cases Abstract INTRODUCTION During the last seven or eight decades great advances have been made in the surgery of otosclerosis. In the light of its most recent phase—stapes mobilization—it is of interest to recall that the earliest attempts to correct the hearing loss due to this disease were also aimed at remobilization of an ankylosed ossicular chain. Historical Review Kessel (1876) suggested mobilization in ankylosis of the stapes even before the actual nature of otosclerosis was known—at a time when the disease was considered a kind of dry sclerosis of the middle-ear mucosa. Michel's* report dealing with mobilization of the stapes dates from the same year. Boucheron † (1888) separated the incus and the stapes from each other and then tried with a special hook to render the latter mobile in the oval window. In some cases he obtained good results in the incipient stages of the disease. Miot ‡ (1890) obtained References 1. Cawthorne, T.: Review of Surgery of Otosclerosis , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 40:320, 1947. 2. Covell, W. P.: The Ossicles in Otosclerosis , Acta oto-laryng. 28:263, 1940.Crossref 3. Engström, H.: Über das Vorkommen der Otosklerose nebst experimentellen Studien über chirurgische Behandlung der Krankheit , Acta oto-laryng. , (Supp. 43) , p. 1, 1940. 4. Guild, S. R.: Histologic Otosclerosis , Ann. Otol. Rhin. & Laryng. 53:246, 1944. 5. Incidence, Location and Extent of Otosclerotic Lesions, Arch. Otolaryng. 52:848, 1950. 6. Herberts, G.: The Development in Surgical Treatment of Otosclerosis and a New Method of Operation , Upsala läkaref. förh. 53:287, 1947-1948. 7. Kessel, J.: Über die Durchschneidung des Steigbügelmuskels beim Menschen und über die Extraktion des Steigbügels, resp. der Columella bei Thieren , Arch. Ohrenh. 11:199, 1876. 8. Lindsay, J. R., and Hemenway, W. G.: Occlusion of the Round Window by Otosclerosis , Laryngoscope 64:11, 1954. 9. Lucae, A.: Über operative Entfernung des Trommelfells und der beiden grösseren Gehörknöchelchen bei Sklerose der Paukenschleimhaut , Arch. Ohrenh. 22:233, 1885. 10. Nager, F. R., and Fraser, J. S.: On Bone Formation in the Scala Tympani of Otosclerotics , J. Laryng. & Otol. 53:173, 1938. 11. Nylén, B.: Histopathological Investigations on the Localization, Number, Activity and Extent of Otosclerotic Foci , Upsala läkaref. förh. 54:1, 1949. 12. Rosen, S.: Mobilization of the Stapes to Restore Hearing in Otosclerosis , New York J. Med. 53:2650, 1953. 13. Simple Method for Restoring Hearing in Otosclerosis: Mobilization of Stapes , Acta oto-laryng. 44:78, 1954. 14. Rosen and Bergman, M.: Mobilization of the Stapes for Otosclerotic Deafness , Acta oto-laryng. , (Supp. 118) , p. 1, 1954. 15. Tobeck, A.: Ergebnisse der Beweglickeitsprüfung des Steigbügels bei Labyrinthfensterungen , Ztschr. Laryng. Rhin. Otol. 32:168, 1953. 16. Wever, E. G.: Recent Investigations in Sound Conduction , Ann. Otol. Rhin. & Laryng. 59:1037, 1950. 17. Wolff, D.: Otosclerosis: Hypothesis of Its Origin and Progress , Arch. Otolaryng. 52:853, 1950. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

Stapes Mobilization in Otosclerosis: Primary Results and a Review of Sixty-Three Cases

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1955 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6894
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1955.03830020046010
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract INTRODUCTION During the last seven or eight decades great advances have been made in the surgery of otosclerosis. In the light of its most recent phase—stapes mobilization—it is of interest to recall that the earliest attempts to correct the hearing loss due to this disease were also aimed at remobilization of an ankylosed ossicular chain. Historical Review Kessel (1876) suggested mobilization in ankylosis of the stapes even before the actual nature of otosclerosis was known—at a time when the disease was considered a kind of dry sclerosis of the middle-ear mucosa. Michel's* report dealing with mobilization of the stapes dates from the same year. Boucheron † (1888) separated the incus and the stapes from each other and then tried with a special hook to render the latter mobile in the oval window. In some cases he obtained good results in the incipient stages of the disease. Miot ‡ (1890) obtained References 1. Cawthorne, T.: Review of Surgery of Otosclerosis , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 40:320, 1947. 2. Covell, W. P.: The Ossicles in Otosclerosis , Acta oto-laryng. 28:263, 1940.Crossref 3. Engström, H.: Über das Vorkommen der Otosklerose nebst experimentellen Studien über chirurgische Behandlung der Krankheit , Acta oto-laryng. , (Supp. 43) , p. 1, 1940. 4. Guild, S. R.: Histologic Otosclerosis , Ann. Otol. Rhin. & Laryng. 53:246, 1944. 5. Incidence, Location and Extent of Otosclerotic Lesions, Arch. Otolaryng. 52:848, 1950. 6. Herberts, G.: The Development in Surgical Treatment of Otosclerosis and a New Method of Operation , Upsala läkaref. förh. 53:287, 1947-1948. 7. Kessel, J.: Über die Durchschneidung des Steigbügelmuskels beim Menschen und über die Extraktion des Steigbügels, resp. der Columella bei Thieren , Arch. Ohrenh. 11:199, 1876. 8. Lindsay, J. R., and Hemenway, W. G.: Occlusion of the Round Window by Otosclerosis , Laryngoscope 64:11, 1954. 9. Lucae, A.: Über operative Entfernung des Trommelfells und der beiden grösseren Gehörknöchelchen bei Sklerose der Paukenschleimhaut , Arch. Ohrenh. 22:233, 1885. 10. Nager, F. R., and Fraser, J. S.: On Bone Formation in the Scala Tympani of Otosclerotics , J. Laryng. & Otol. 53:173, 1938. 11. Nylén, B.: Histopathological Investigations on the Localization, Number, Activity and Extent of Otosclerotic Foci , Upsala läkaref. förh. 54:1, 1949. 12. Rosen, S.: Mobilization of the Stapes to Restore Hearing in Otosclerosis , New York J. Med. 53:2650, 1953. 13. Simple Method for Restoring Hearing in Otosclerosis: Mobilization of Stapes , Acta oto-laryng. 44:78, 1954. 14. Rosen and Bergman, M.: Mobilization of the Stapes for Otosclerotic Deafness , Acta oto-laryng. , (Supp. 118) , p. 1, 1954. 15. Tobeck, A.: Ergebnisse der Beweglickeitsprüfung des Steigbügels bei Labyrinthfensterungen , Ztschr. Laryng. Rhin. Otol. 32:168, 1953. 16. Wever, E. G.: Recent Investigations in Sound Conduction , Ann. Otol. Rhin. & Laryng. 59:1037, 1950. 17. Wolff, D.: Otosclerosis: Hypothesis of Its Origin and Progress , Arch. Otolaryng. 52:853, 1950.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1955

References