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SPREADING OF VACCINE IN NASAL VACCINATION

SPREADING OF VACCINE IN NASAL VACCINATION Abstract The upper respiratory tract presents an ideal absorptive surface for the application of antigenic material. Krishnamurthy1 found that the absorption of bacteria in the tracheal mucosa of immunized animals takes place at a slower rate than in normal animals. Maugeri2 studied the penetration of the tracheal mucosa by anthrax bacilli, Bacillus subtilis, sarcinas and staphylococci. The organisms were found in the epithelium within fifteen minutes, and after six hours they had disappeared entirely. Nasal immunization has the advantage over the ordinary methods of immunization in that a lesion is not produced by the inoculation. Although nasal immunization has been tried over a period of years (Bailey,3 Bull and McKee,4 Sabin,5 Sewall,6 Walsh and Cannon7 and others), it has had only a limited practical application. The main reason for the limited use of this procedure has been the possible danger of causing pneumonia. In fact, in a number of cases observed, References 1. Krishnamurthy, V. N.: Arch. f. Hyg. 114:121, 1935. 2. Maugeri, S.: Arch. f. Hyg. 111:271, 1934. 3. Bailey, C. H.: Am. J. Hyg. 7:370, 1927. 4. Bull, C. G., and McKee, C. M.: Am. J. Hyg. 8:477, 1928. 5. Sabin, A. J.: J. Exper. Med. 50:875, 1936. 6. Sewall, H.: Science 62:293, 1925.Crossref 7. Walsh, T. E., and Cannon, P. R.: (a) Immunization of Upper Respiratory Tract , Arch. Otolaryng. 20:820 ( (Dec.) ) 1934Crossref 8. J. Immunol. 31:331, 1936. 9. Bull, C. G., and Bailey, G. H.: Am. J. Hyg. 7:185, 1927. 10. Mullin, W. V., and Ryder, C. T.: Am. Rev. Tuberc. 4:683, 1920. 11. Corper, H. J., and Robin, H. A.: Am. Rev. Tuberc. 8:813, 1922. 12. Cannon, P. R., and Walsh, T. E.: J. Immunol. 32:49, 1937. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

SPREADING OF VACCINE IN NASAL VACCINATION

Archives of Otolaryngology , Volume 33 (4) – Apr 1, 1941

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1941 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1941.00660030631011
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The upper respiratory tract presents an ideal absorptive surface for the application of antigenic material. Krishnamurthy1 found that the absorption of bacteria in the tracheal mucosa of immunized animals takes place at a slower rate than in normal animals. Maugeri2 studied the penetration of the tracheal mucosa by anthrax bacilli, Bacillus subtilis, sarcinas and staphylococci. The organisms were found in the epithelium within fifteen minutes, and after six hours they had disappeared entirely. Nasal immunization has the advantage over the ordinary methods of immunization in that a lesion is not produced by the inoculation. Although nasal immunization has been tried over a period of years (Bailey,3 Bull and McKee,4 Sabin,5 Sewall,6 Walsh and Cannon7 and others), it has had only a limited practical application. The main reason for the limited use of this procedure has been the possible danger of causing pneumonia. In fact, in a number of cases observed, References 1. Krishnamurthy, V. N.: Arch. f. Hyg. 114:121, 1935. 2. Maugeri, S.: Arch. f. Hyg. 111:271, 1934. 3. Bailey, C. H.: Am. J. Hyg. 7:370, 1927. 4. Bull, C. G., and McKee, C. M.: Am. J. Hyg. 8:477, 1928. 5. Sabin, A. J.: J. Exper. Med. 50:875, 1936. 6. Sewall, H.: Science 62:293, 1925.Crossref 7. Walsh, T. E., and Cannon, P. R.: (a) Immunization of Upper Respiratory Tract , Arch. Otolaryng. 20:820 ( (Dec.) ) 1934Crossref 8. J. Immunol. 31:331, 1936. 9. Bull, C. G., and Bailey, G. H.: Am. J. Hyg. 7:185, 1927. 10. Mullin, W. V., and Ryder, C. T.: Am. Rev. Tuberc. 4:683, 1920. 11. Corper, H. J., and Robin, H. A.: Am. Rev. Tuberc. 8:813, 1922. 12. Cannon, P. R., and Walsh, T. E.: J. Immunol. 32:49, 1937.

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 1941

References