Abstract A controversy among audiologists has existed for some time as to which of the methods of presenting speech materials for various purposes is most desirable. In performing audiometric tests with speech, there are three methods of presentation which may be used. One is "live-voice testing," in which the tester's speech is monitored with a standard sound-level meter. A second, and more frequently used method, is "monitored microphone voice" testing (often misnamed "live-voice testing") in which the examiner reads a list of words through a microphone into a calibrated amplifying system, monitoring each word or a carrier phrase with a VU meter. In the third and most frequently employed mode of presentation, recorded material, either on discs or tape is utilized. Revised lists of spondaic and phonetically balanced words based on material developed at the Harvard Psychoacoustic Laboratory have been prepared by the Central Institute for the Deaf. These tests, numbered References 1. Hirsh, I. J., and others: Development of Materials for Speech Audiometry , J. Speech & Hearing Disorders 17:321-337, 1952. 2. Bordley, J. E.: An Evaluation of the PGSR Technique in Audiometry , Laryngoscope 66:1162-1183, 1956. 3. Carhart, R.: Tests for Selection of Hearing Aids , Laryngoscope 56:780-794, 1946. 4. Silverman, R. S., and Hirsh, I. J.: Problems Related to the Use of Speech in Clinical Audiometry , Tr. Am. Otol. Soc. 213:291-306, 1956. 5. Lidén, G.: Speech Audiometry: An Experimental and Clinical Study with Swedish Language Material , Acta oto-laryng. , (Supp. 114) , 1954, p. 19. 6. Operation of the Language Master as a Preamplifier-Equalizer , in the Language Master , Technical Bulletin 57-1, New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1955.
A.M.A. Archives of Otolaryngology – American Medical Association
Published: Aug 1, 1958
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