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SOME RECENT ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THORACIC SURGERY

SOME RECENT ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THORACIC SURGERY Abstract I appreciate the honor of being invited to give the lecture in honor of Dr. Carl A. Hedblom. The subject I have chosen is quite appropriate, since Dr. Hedblom was one of the pioneers in the development of this field of surgery. He was endowed with a spirit of investigation and a determination to overcome obstacles in solving the problem at hand. Almost unlimited courage was formerly needed to face the tremendous risks involved in certain new operations which today have a low mortality and seem commonplace. Much is owed to these early pioneers, for without their continued effort the development of thoracic surgery would have been considerably delayed. Dr. Hedblom made many contributions in this field of surgery and was an outstanding teacher and an inspiration to his associates. It is unfortunate that he could not see the accomplishments of more recent years. In order better to appreciate much References 1. Paget, S.: The Surgery of the Chest , Bristol, John Wright & Co., 1896, pp. 207 and 398-407. 2. Homans, J.: A Textbook of Surgery , Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1931, p. 760. 3. Killian, H.: Scope and Utility of Differential Pressure in Thoracic Surgery , Anesth. & Analg. 17:154, 1938. 4. Sauerbruch, E. F.: Present Status of Surgery of the Thorax , J. A. M. A. 51:808 ( (Sept. 5) ) 1908. 5. Meltzer, S. J., and Auer, J.: Continuous Respiration Without Respiratory Movements , J. Exper. Med. 11:622, 1909. 6. (a) Rasmussen, R. A.; Adams, W. E., and Hrdina, L. S.: Should the Pleural Space Be Reduced in Size in the Resection of Lung Tissues? Surgery 10:85, 1941. 7. (b) Graham, E. A.: With How Little Lung Tissue Is Life Compatible? Surgery 8:239, 1940. 8. Roentgen, W. C.: Concerning a New Kind of Ray , Am. J. Roentgenol. 10:320, 1923. 9. Clerf, L. H.: Foreign Bodies in the Air Passages , Ann. M. Hist. 8:547, 1936. 10. Murphy, J. B.: Surgery of the Lung , J. A. M. A. 31:341 ( (Aug. 13) ) 1898. 11. Gluck, T.: Experimenteller Beitrag zur Frage der Lungenextirpation , Berl. klin. Wchnschr. 18:645, 1881. 12. Friedrich, P. L.: Ueber den Raumausgleich in der Brusthöhle nach einseitiger Lungenamputation, nebst Bemerkungen über das operative Mediastinalemphysem , Verhandl. d. deutsch. Gesellsch. f. Chir. 37:571, 1908. 13. Graham, E. A., and Singer, J. J.: Successful Removal of an Entire Lung for Carcinoma of Bronchus , J. A. M. A. 101:1371 ( (Oct. 28) ) 1933. 14. Bettman, R. B.: Experimental Closure of Large Bronchi: A Study of the Factors Concerned in Failure of the Bronchi to Heal , Arch. Surg. 8:418 (Jan., (pt. 2) ) 1924. 15. Adams, W. E., and Livingstone, H. M.: Bronchial Injury and Repair: An Experimental Study , Ann. Surg. 91:342, 1930. 16. Drastich, L.; Adams, W. E.; Hastings, A. B., and Compere, C. L.: The Effect of Exercise on the Acid-Base Balance and Oxygen of the Blood Following Atelectasis and Pneumectomy , J. Thoracic Surg. 3:341, 1934. 17. Carter, B. N.; Longacre, J. J., and Quill, L. M.: A Study of the Changes in Cardiorespiratory Physiology Following Total Pneumonectomy in Young Developing Animals , J. Thoracic Surg. 7:329, 1938. 18. Heuer, G. J., and Dunn, G. R.: Experimental Pneumonectomy , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 31:31, 1920. 19. Alexander, J.: The Surgery of Pulmonary Tuberculosis , Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1925. 20. Graham, E. A., and Bell, R. D.: Open Pneumothorax , Am. J. M. Sc. 156:839, 1918. 21. Hedblom, C. A.: Graded Thoracoplasty for Unilateral Bronchiectasis , Wisconsin M. J. 21:48, 1922. 22. Heidenhain, L.: Ausgedehnte Lungenresection wegen Zahlreicher eiternder Bronchiectasien in einem Unterlappen , Verhandl. d. deutsch. Gesellsch. f. Chir. 30:636, 1901. 23. Lilienthal, H.: Thoracic Surgery , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1925, vol. 2, p. 216. 24. Graham, E. A.: Pneumectomy with Cautery , J. A. M. A. 81:1010 ( (Sept. 22) ) 1923 25. Cautery Pneumonectomy for Chronic Suppuration of Lung , Arch. Surg. 10:392 (Jan., (pt. 2) ) 1925.Crossref 26. Brunn, H.: Surgical Principles Underlying One-Stage Lobectomy , Arch. Surg. 18:490 (Jan., (pt. 2) ) 1929.Crossref 27. Shenstone, N. S., and Janes, R. M.: Experiences in Pulmonary Lobectomy , Canad. M. A. J. 27: 138, 1932. 28. Blades, B., and Dugan, D. J.: Modern Pulmonary Resection in War Surgery , S. Clin. North America 23:1545, 1943. 29. (a) Churchill, E. D.: Resection of the Lung , Surgery 8:961, 1940. 30. (b) Maier, H. C.: The Surgical Treatment of Bronchiectasis , Surgery 15:789, 1944. 31. (c) DeBakey, M., and Ochsner, A.: Surgical Treatment of Bronchiectasis , Dis. of Chest 9:63, 1943.Crossref 32. Thornton, T. F., Jr.; Adams, W. E., and Bloch, R. G.: Solitary Circumscribed Tumors of the Lung , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 78:364, 1944. 33. Hauser, H., and Wolpaw, S. E.: Cavitary Bronchogenic Carcinoma , Radiology 34:698, 1940. 34. Bloch, R. G., and Bogardus, G.: Bronchogenic Carcinoma, with Special Reference to Results with Roentgen Therapy , Arch. Int. Med. 66:39 ( (July) ) 1940. 35. Steiner, P. E.: Effects of Roentgen Therapy on Histologic Picture and on Survival in Cases of Primary Carcinoma of Lung , Arch. Int. Med. 66:140 ( (July) ) 1940. 36. Adler, I.: Primary Malignant Growths of the Lungs and Bronchi , London, Longmans, Green & Co., 1912. 37. Adams, W. E.; Steiner, P. E., and Bloch, R. G.: Malignant Adenoma of the Lung , Surgery 11:503, 1942. 38. Harrington, S. W.: Pneumonectomy for Carcinoma of the Lung , J. Thoracic Surg. 11:396, 1942. 39. Shenstone, N. S.: Experiences with Total Pneumonectomy , J. Thoracic Surg. 11:396, 1942. 40. Rienhoff, W. F., Jr.: The Present Status of the Surgical Treatment of Primary Carcinoma of the Lung , J. A. M. A. 126:1123 ( (Dec. 30) ) 1944. 41. Graham, E. A.: Indications for Total Pneumonectomy , Dis. of Chest 10:87, 1944. 42. Torek, F.: The First Successful Case of Resection of the Thoracic Esophagus , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 16:614, 1913. 43. Adams, W. E.: Recent Progress in the Surgical Treatment of Carcinoma of the Esophagus , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 72:312, 1941. 44. Adams, W. E.: The Pathological Consideration Relating to the Early Diagnosis and Curative Surgical Treatment of Carcinoma of the Esophagus , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 72:105, 1941. 45. Dormanns, E.: Das Oesophagus Carcinom , Ztschr. f. Krebsforsch. 49:86, 1939. 46. Miller, R. T., Jr., and Andrus, W. DeW.: Experimental Surgery of Thoracic Esophagus , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 34:109, 1923. 47. Heuer, G. J.; Andrus, W. DeW., and Bell, H. G.: The Experimental Transplantation of the Diaphragm as an Adjunct in the Treatment of Lesions at the Lower End of the Esophagus , Ann. Surg. 81:273, 1925.Crossref 48. Saint, J. H., and Mann, F. C.: Experimental Surgery of the Esophagus , Arch. Surg. 18:2324 ( (June) ) 1929.Crossref 49. Ohsawa, T.: The Surgery of the Esophagus , Kyote Imperial University, 1934. 50. Adams, W. E.; Escudero, L.; Aronsohn, H. G., and Shaw, M. M.: Resection of the Thoracic Esophagus , J. Thoracic Surg. 7:605, 1938. 51. Carter, N. B.; Stevenson, J., and Abbott, O. A.: Esophagogastrostomy , J. Thoracic Surg. 10:446, 1941. 52. Adams, W. E., and Phemister, D. B.: Carcinoma of the Lower Thoracic Esophagus , J. Thoracic Surg. 7:621, 1938. 53. Churchill, E. D., and Sweet, R. H.: Transthoracic Resection of Tumors of the Stomach and Esophagus , Ann. Surg. 115:897, 1942Crossref 54. 116:566, 1942. 55. Garlock, J. H.: Reestablishment of Esophagogastric Continuity Following Resection of Esophagus for Carcinoma of Middle Third , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 78:23, 1944. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Surgery American Medical Association

SOME RECENT ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THORACIC SURGERY

Archives of Surgery , Volume 50 (6) – Jun 1, 1945

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1945 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0004-0010
eISSN
1538-3644
DOI
10.1001/archsurg.1945.01230030288001
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Abstract

Abstract I appreciate the honor of being invited to give the lecture in honor of Dr. Carl A. Hedblom. The subject I have chosen is quite appropriate, since Dr. Hedblom was one of the pioneers in the development of this field of surgery. He was endowed with a spirit of investigation and a determination to overcome obstacles in solving the problem at hand. Almost unlimited courage was formerly needed to face the tremendous risks involved in certain new operations which today have a low mortality and seem commonplace. Much is owed to these early pioneers, for without their continued effort the development of thoracic surgery would have been considerably delayed. Dr. Hedblom made many contributions in this field of surgery and was an outstanding teacher and an inspiration to his associates. It is unfortunate that he could not see the accomplishments of more recent years. In order better to appreciate much References 1. Paget, S.: The Surgery of the Chest , Bristol, John Wright & Co., 1896, pp. 207 and 398-407. 2. Homans, J.: A Textbook of Surgery , Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1931, p. 760. 3. Killian, H.: Scope and Utility of Differential Pressure in Thoracic Surgery , Anesth. & Analg. 17:154, 1938. 4. Sauerbruch, E. F.: Present Status of Surgery of the Thorax , J. A. M. A. 51:808 ( (Sept. 5) ) 1908. 5. Meltzer, S. J., and Auer, J.: Continuous Respiration Without Respiratory Movements , J. Exper. Med. 11:622, 1909. 6. (a) Rasmussen, R. A.; Adams, W. E., and Hrdina, L. S.: Should the Pleural Space Be Reduced in Size in the Resection of Lung Tissues? Surgery 10:85, 1941. 7. (b) Graham, E. A.: With How Little Lung Tissue Is Life Compatible? Surgery 8:239, 1940. 8. Roentgen, W. C.: Concerning a New Kind of Ray , Am. J. Roentgenol. 10:320, 1923. 9. Clerf, L. H.: Foreign Bodies in the Air Passages , Ann. M. Hist. 8:547, 1936. 10. Murphy, J. B.: Surgery of the Lung , J. A. M. A. 31:341 ( (Aug. 13) ) 1898. 11. Gluck, T.: Experimenteller Beitrag zur Frage der Lungenextirpation , Berl. klin. Wchnschr. 18:645, 1881. 12. Friedrich, P. L.: Ueber den Raumausgleich in der Brusthöhle nach einseitiger Lungenamputation, nebst Bemerkungen über das operative Mediastinalemphysem , Verhandl. d. deutsch. Gesellsch. f. Chir. 37:571, 1908. 13. Graham, E. A., and Singer, J. J.: Successful Removal of an Entire Lung for Carcinoma of Bronchus , J. A. M. A. 101:1371 ( (Oct. 28) ) 1933. 14. Bettman, R. B.: Experimental Closure of Large Bronchi: A Study of the Factors Concerned in Failure of the Bronchi to Heal , Arch. Surg. 8:418 (Jan., (pt. 2) ) 1924. 15. Adams, W. E., and Livingstone, H. M.: Bronchial Injury and Repair: An Experimental Study , Ann. Surg. 91:342, 1930. 16. Drastich, L.; Adams, W. E.; Hastings, A. B., and Compere, C. L.: The Effect of Exercise on the Acid-Base Balance and Oxygen of the Blood Following Atelectasis and Pneumectomy , J. Thoracic Surg. 3:341, 1934. 17. Carter, B. N.; Longacre, J. J., and Quill, L. M.: A Study of the Changes in Cardiorespiratory Physiology Following Total Pneumonectomy in Young Developing Animals , J. Thoracic Surg. 7:329, 1938. 18. Heuer, G. J., and Dunn, G. R.: Experimental Pneumonectomy , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 31:31, 1920. 19. Alexander, J.: The Surgery of Pulmonary Tuberculosis , Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1925. 20. Graham, E. A., and Bell, R. D.: Open Pneumothorax , Am. J. M. Sc. 156:839, 1918. 21. Hedblom, C. A.: Graded Thoracoplasty for Unilateral Bronchiectasis , Wisconsin M. J. 21:48, 1922. 22. Heidenhain, L.: Ausgedehnte Lungenresection wegen Zahlreicher eiternder Bronchiectasien in einem Unterlappen , Verhandl. d. deutsch. Gesellsch. f. Chir. 30:636, 1901. 23. Lilienthal, H.: Thoracic Surgery , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1925, vol. 2, p. 216. 24. Graham, E. A.: Pneumectomy with Cautery , J. A. M. A. 81:1010 ( (Sept. 22) ) 1923 25. Cautery Pneumonectomy for Chronic Suppuration of Lung , Arch. Surg. 10:392 (Jan., (pt. 2) ) 1925.Crossref 26. Brunn, H.: Surgical Principles Underlying One-Stage Lobectomy , Arch. Surg. 18:490 (Jan., (pt. 2) ) 1929.Crossref 27. Shenstone, N. S., and Janes, R. M.: Experiences in Pulmonary Lobectomy , Canad. M. A. J. 27: 138, 1932. 28. Blades, B., and Dugan, D. J.: Modern Pulmonary Resection in War Surgery , S. Clin. North America 23:1545, 1943. 29. (a) Churchill, E. D.: Resection of the Lung , Surgery 8:961, 1940. 30. (b) Maier, H. C.: The Surgical Treatment of Bronchiectasis , Surgery 15:789, 1944. 31. (c) DeBakey, M., and Ochsner, A.: Surgical Treatment of Bronchiectasis , Dis. of Chest 9:63, 1943.Crossref 32. Thornton, T. F., Jr.; Adams, W. E., and Bloch, R. G.: Solitary Circumscribed Tumors of the Lung , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 78:364, 1944. 33. Hauser, H., and Wolpaw, S. E.: Cavitary Bronchogenic Carcinoma , Radiology 34:698, 1940. 34. Bloch, R. G., and Bogardus, G.: Bronchogenic Carcinoma, with Special Reference to Results with Roentgen Therapy , Arch. Int. Med. 66:39 ( (July) ) 1940. 35. Steiner, P. E.: Effects of Roentgen Therapy on Histologic Picture and on Survival in Cases of Primary Carcinoma of Lung , Arch. Int. Med. 66:140 ( (July) ) 1940. 36. Adler, I.: Primary Malignant Growths of the Lungs and Bronchi , London, Longmans, Green & Co., 1912. 37. Adams, W. E.; Steiner, P. E., and Bloch, R. G.: Malignant Adenoma of the Lung , Surgery 11:503, 1942. 38. Harrington, S. W.: Pneumonectomy for Carcinoma of the Lung , J. Thoracic Surg. 11:396, 1942. 39. Shenstone, N. S.: Experiences with Total Pneumonectomy , J. Thoracic Surg. 11:396, 1942. 40. Rienhoff, W. F., Jr.: The Present Status of the Surgical Treatment of Primary Carcinoma of the Lung , J. A. M. A. 126:1123 ( (Dec. 30) ) 1944. 41. Graham, E. A.: Indications for Total Pneumonectomy , Dis. of Chest 10:87, 1944. 42. Torek, F.: The First Successful Case of Resection of the Thoracic Esophagus , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 16:614, 1913. 43. Adams, W. E.: Recent Progress in the Surgical Treatment of Carcinoma of the Esophagus , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 72:312, 1941. 44. Adams, W. E.: The Pathological Consideration Relating to the Early Diagnosis and Curative Surgical Treatment of Carcinoma of the Esophagus , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 72:105, 1941. 45. Dormanns, E.: Das Oesophagus Carcinom , Ztschr. f. Krebsforsch. 49:86, 1939. 46. Miller, R. T., Jr., and Andrus, W. DeW.: Experimental Surgery of Thoracic Esophagus , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 34:109, 1923. 47. Heuer, G. J.; Andrus, W. DeW., and Bell, H. G.: The Experimental Transplantation of the Diaphragm as an Adjunct in the Treatment of Lesions at the Lower End of the Esophagus , Ann. Surg. 81:273, 1925.Crossref 48. Saint, J. H., and Mann, F. C.: Experimental Surgery of the Esophagus , Arch. Surg. 18:2324 ( (June) ) 1929.Crossref 49. Ohsawa, T.: The Surgery of the Esophagus , Kyote Imperial University, 1934. 50. Adams, W. E.; Escudero, L.; Aronsohn, H. G., and Shaw, M. M.: Resection of the Thoracic Esophagus , J. Thoracic Surg. 7:605, 1938. 51. Carter, N. B.; Stevenson, J., and Abbott, O. A.: Esophagogastrostomy , J. Thoracic Surg. 10:446, 1941. 52. Adams, W. E., and Phemister, D. B.: Carcinoma of the Lower Thoracic Esophagus , J. Thoracic Surg. 7:621, 1938. 53. Churchill, E. D., and Sweet, R. H.: Transthoracic Resection of Tumors of the Stomach and Esophagus , Ann. Surg. 115:897, 1942Crossref 54. 116:566, 1942. 55. Garlock, J. H.: Reestablishment of Esophagogastric Continuity Following Resection of Esophagus for Carcinoma of Middle Third , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 78:23, 1944.

Journal

Archives of SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1945

References