Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Social Support of Inner-city Fathers and Mothers

Social Support of Inner-city Fathers and Mothers Abstract Objective: To examine mutual support of inner-city parents and how it relates to the father's expected role as a parent. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: An urban teaching hospital in inner-city Baltimore, Md. Patients or Other Participants: Inner-city—dwelling parents whose neonates were born at an urban teaching hospital between March and May 1992. Intervention: Data were collected through structured independent interviews with each parent during the neonate's hospitalization. Main Outcome Measures: General social support was assessed by Sarason's Social Support Questionnaire. Paternal involvement was defined as the father's expected accessibility, engagement in child-rearing tasks, and decision-making responsibility during infancy. Results: Most mothers and fathers cited the other parent as a source of general support. Most believed that the other parent would help and would not hinder them in their role as parent. For mothers, the father's expected accessibility, engagement, and decision-making responsibility was positively correlated with his general support. For the fathers, expected accessibility was positively related to general support from the mother. As parents' mutual support increased, so did concordance in their expectations of the father's role. Conclusions: Many inner-city parents do rely on each other. Pediatricians can promote shared parenting by recognizing and building on this mutual support.(Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149:868-872) References 1. Furstenberg FF, Brookes-Gunn J, Morgan SP. Adolescent Mothers in Later Life . Cambridge, Mass: Cambridge University Press; 1987. 2. Kotelchuch M. The infant's relationship to the father: experimental evidence . In: Lamb ME, ed. The Role of the Father in Child Development . New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc; 1976:329-344. 3. Pedersen FA, Rubinstein J, Yarrow LJ. Infant development in father absent families . J Genet Psychol . 1979;135:51-61.Crossref 4. Furstenberg FF. Unplanned Parenthood . New York, NY: Free Press; 1976. 5. Shinn M. Father absence and children's cognitive development . Psychol Bull . 1978;85:295-324Crossref 6. Anderson E. Where's dad? Paternal deprivation and delinquency . Arch Gen Psychiatry . 1968;18:641-649.Crossref 7. Lamb ME. The Father's Role: Cross-Cultural Perspectives . Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Gribaum Associates Publishers; 1987:7-11. 8. Belsky J. The determinants of parenting: a process model . Child Dev . 1984; 55:83-96.Crossref 9. Cobb S. Social support as a moderator of life stress . Psychosom Med . 1976; 38:300-314.Crossref 10. Sarason IG, Levine HM, Basham RB, Sarason BR. Assessing social support: the Social Support Questionnaire . J Pers Soc Psychol . 1983;44:127-139.Crossref 11. Barrera M. Distinctions between social support concepts, measures, and models . Am J Community Psychol . 1986;14:413-445.Crossref 12. Heitzmann CA, Kaplan RM. Assessment of methods for measuring social support . Health Psychol . 1988;7:75-109.Crossref 13. Sarason BR, Shearin EN, Pierce GR, Sarason IG. Interrelations of social support measures: theoretical and practical implications . J Pers Soc Psychol . 1987; 52:813-832.Crossref 14. Sarason IG, Sarason BR, Shearin EN. Social support as an individual difference variable: its stability, origins, and relational aspects . J Pers Soc Psychol . 1986a;90:845-855.Crossref 15. Sarason BR, Sarason IG, Hacker A, Basham RB. Concomitants of social support: social skills, physical attractiveness, and gender . J Pers Soc Psychol . 1985;49:469-480.Crossref 16. Sarason IG, Sarason BR. Experimentally provided social support . J Pers Soc Psychol . 1986b;50:1222-1225.Crossref 17. Ray SA, McLoyd VC. Fathers in hard times: the impact of unemployment and poverty on paternal and marital relations . In: Lamb ME, ed. The Father's Role: Applied Perspectives . New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc; 1986. 18. Hardy JB, Duggan AK. Teenage fathers and the fathers of infants of urban, teenage mothers . Am J Public Health . 1988;78:919-922.Crossref 19. Hardy JB, Duggan AK, Masnyk K, Pearson C. Fathers of children born to young urban mothers . Fam Plann Perspect . 1989;21:159-163.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine American Medical Association

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-medical-association/social-support-of-inner-city-fathers-and-mothers-LqrdCqlkT2
Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1995 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
1072-4710
eISSN
1538-3628
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1995.02170210042007
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Objective: To examine mutual support of inner-city parents and how it relates to the father's expected role as a parent. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: An urban teaching hospital in inner-city Baltimore, Md. Patients or Other Participants: Inner-city—dwelling parents whose neonates were born at an urban teaching hospital between March and May 1992. Intervention: Data were collected through structured independent interviews with each parent during the neonate's hospitalization. Main Outcome Measures: General social support was assessed by Sarason's Social Support Questionnaire. Paternal involvement was defined as the father's expected accessibility, engagement in child-rearing tasks, and decision-making responsibility during infancy. Results: Most mothers and fathers cited the other parent as a source of general support. Most believed that the other parent would help and would not hinder them in their role as parent. For mothers, the father's expected accessibility, engagement, and decision-making responsibility was positively correlated with his general support. For the fathers, expected accessibility was positively related to general support from the mother. As parents' mutual support increased, so did concordance in their expectations of the father's role. Conclusions: Many inner-city parents do rely on each other. Pediatricians can promote shared parenting by recognizing and building on this mutual support.(Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149:868-872) References 1. Furstenberg FF, Brookes-Gunn J, Morgan SP. Adolescent Mothers in Later Life . Cambridge, Mass: Cambridge University Press; 1987. 2. Kotelchuch M. The infant's relationship to the father: experimental evidence . In: Lamb ME, ed. The Role of the Father in Child Development . New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc; 1976:329-344. 3. Pedersen FA, Rubinstein J, Yarrow LJ. Infant development in father absent families . J Genet Psychol . 1979;135:51-61.Crossref 4. Furstenberg FF. Unplanned Parenthood . New York, NY: Free Press; 1976. 5. Shinn M. Father absence and children's cognitive development . Psychol Bull . 1978;85:295-324Crossref 6. Anderson E. Where's dad? Paternal deprivation and delinquency . Arch Gen Psychiatry . 1968;18:641-649.Crossref 7. Lamb ME. The Father's Role: Cross-Cultural Perspectives . Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Gribaum Associates Publishers; 1987:7-11. 8. Belsky J. The determinants of parenting: a process model . Child Dev . 1984; 55:83-96.Crossref 9. Cobb S. Social support as a moderator of life stress . Psychosom Med . 1976; 38:300-314.Crossref 10. Sarason IG, Levine HM, Basham RB, Sarason BR. Assessing social support: the Social Support Questionnaire . J Pers Soc Psychol . 1983;44:127-139.Crossref 11. Barrera M. Distinctions between social support concepts, measures, and models . Am J Community Psychol . 1986;14:413-445.Crossref 12. Heitzmann CA, Kaplan RM. Assessment of methods for measuring social support . Health Psychol . 1988;7:75-109.Crossref 13. Sarason BR, Shearin EN, Pierce GR, Sarason IG. Interrelations of social support measures: theoretical and practical implications . J Pers Soc Psychol . 1987; 52:813-832.Crossref 14. Sarason IG, Sarason BR, Shearin EN. Social support as an individual difference variable: its stability, origins, and relational aspects . J Pers Soc Psychol . 1986a;90:845-855.Crossref 15. Sarason BR, Sarason IG, Hacker A, Basham RB. Concomitants of social support: social skills, physical attractiveness, and gender . J Pers Soc Psychol . 1985;49:469-480.Crossref 16. Sarason IG, Sarason BR. Experimentally provided social support . J Pers Soc Psychol . 1986b;50:1222-1225.Crossref 17. Ray SA, McLoyd VC. Fathers in hard times: the impact of unemployment and poverty on paternal and marital relations . In: Lamb ME, ed. The Father's Role: Applied Perspectives . New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc; 1986. 18. Hardy JB, Duggan AK. Teenage fathers and the fathers of infants of urban, teenage mothers . Am J Public Health . 1988;78:919-922.Crossref 19. Hardy JB, Duggan AK, Masnyk K, Pearson C. Fathers of children born to young urban mothers . Fam Plann Perspect . 1989;21:159-163.Crossref

Journal

Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1995

References