Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

SIGNIFICANCE OF CORNEAL AND PHARYNGEAL REFLEXES IN NEUROLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY

SIGNIFICANCE OF CORNEAL AND PHARYNGEAL REFLEXES IN NEUROLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY Abstract DURING the course of the neurologic examination, deviations from classic normality occur even in the absence of organic disease of the nervous system. Much experience and intuition are required to distinguish normal variations from pathologic signs, and too frequently the presence of asymmetry is allowed to constitute the determining factor. It would seem only reasonable to assume that some of the determinants of these deviant, but nonpathologic, signs might have significance for the clinician. For example, variations in reflex responses might be found to occur in definite patterns, so that a single observation could be interpreted in terms of its conformity to the pattern set by the other reflexes rather than in terms of an absolute standard. Another possibility is that psychic attitude might be expressed by, or might determine, patterns of reflex variability. Accordingly, complete neurologic examinations were performed and the results recorded in conjunction with diagnostic psychiatric interviews References 1. Monrad-Krohn, G. H.: Clinical Examination of the Nervous System , ed. 7, New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1941. 2. Wechsler, I. S.: Textbook of Clinical Neurology , ed. 4, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1939. 3. Brain, W. R.: Diseases of the Nervous System , ed. 2, London, Oxford University Press, 1940. 4. Monrad-Krohn.1 5. Wechsler.2 6. Brain.3 7. Wartenberg, R.: Studies in Reflexes: I. History, Physiology, Synthesis and Nomenclature , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 51:113 ( (Feb.) ) 1944. 8. Brock, S.: Anatomical and Physiological Basis of Neurology , Baltimore, William Wood & Company, 1933. 9. Fulton, J. F.: Physiology of the Nervous System , New York, Oxford University Press, 1938. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

SIGNIFICANCE OF CORNEAL AND PHARYNGEAL REFLEXES IN NEUROLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-medical-association/significance-of-corneal-and-pharyngeal-reflexes-in-neurology-and-gS7YM5VdyC
Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1946 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1946.02300150024002
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract DURING the course of the neurologic examination, deviations from classic normality occur even in the absence of organic disease of the nervous system. Much experience and intuition are required to distinguish normal variations from pathologic signs, and too frequently the presence of asymmetry is allowed to constitute the determining factor. It would seem only reasonable to assume that some of the determinants of these deviant, but nonpathologic, signs might have significance for the clinician. For example, variations in reflex responses might be found to occur in definite patterns, so that a single observation could be interpreted in terms of its conformity to the pattern set by the other reflexes rather than in terms of an absolute standard. Another possibility is that psychic attitude might be expressed by, or might determine, patterns of reflex variability. Accordingly, complete neurologic examinations were performed and the results recorded in conjunction with diagnostic psychiatric interviews References 1. Monrad-Krohn, G. H.: Clinical Examination of the Nervous System , ed. 7, New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1941. 2. Wechsler, I. S.: Textbook of Clinical Neurology , ed. 4, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1939. 3. Brain, W. R.: Diseases of the Nervous System , ed. 2, London, Oxford University Press, 1940. 4. Monrad-Krohn.1 5. Wechsler.2 6. Brain.3 7. Wartenberg, R.: Studies in Reflexes: I. History, Physiology, Synthesis and Nomenclature , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 51:113 ( (Feb.) ) 1944. 8. Brock, S.: Anatomical and Physiological Basis of Neurology , Baltimore, William Wood & Company, 1933. 9. Fulton, J. F.: Physiology of the Nervous System , New York, Oxford University Press, 1938.

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 1946

References