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Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War

Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War VIEWPOINT the sexual domination and degradation of females or weaker Lindsay Stark, DrPH 4,5 males. In conflicts such as those in Liberia and the DRC, Mike Wessells, PhD men have been reported to engage in individual or gang rape as a means of displaying their masculinity, bonding with EXUAL VIOLENCE DURING TIMES OF CONFLICT HAS BEEN peers, and establishing their place in the armed group. In historically viewed as a spoil of war or as an indi- these settings, militarization and military training may en- vidual act of violence rather than one that is politi- courage the development of violent, heterosexual mascu- Scally or ideologically motivated. Today, however, linities. Research findings suggest that sexual violence in there is an increased understanding that rape—the forced times of armed conflict reflects issues of power asymmetry, vaginal, anal, or oral penetration of either a male or a fe- patriarchy, masculinity, and the devaluation of women that male with either a person or an object—is used as a strate- are pervasive even in settings not affected by armed con- 1-3 4,5 gic and systematic tactic during armed conflict. This View- flict. In this respect, sexual violence in conflict settings is point examines why http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png JAMA American Medical Association

Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War

JAMA , Volume 308 (7) – Aug 15, 2012

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright 2012 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.
ISSN
0098-7484
eISSN
1538-3598
DOI
10.1001/jama.2012.9733
pmid
22893163
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

VIEWPOINT the sexual domination and degradation of females or weaker Lindsay Stark, DrPH 4,5 males. In conflicts such as those in Liberia and the DRC, Mike Wessells, PhD men have been reported to engage in individual or gang rape as a means of displaying their masculinity, bonding with EXUAL VIOLENCE DURING TIMES OF CONFLICT HAS BEEN peers, and establishing their place in the armed group. In historically viewed as a spoil of war or as an indi- these settings, militarization and military training may en- vidual act of violence rather than one that is politi- courage the development of violent, heterosexual mascu- Scally or ideologically motivated. Today, however, linities. Research findings suggest that sexual violence in there is an increased understanding that rape—the forced times of armed conflict reflects issues of power asymmetry, vaginal, anal, or oral penetration of either a male or a fe- patriarchy, masculinity, and the devaluation of women that male with either a person or an object—is used as a strate- are pervasive even in settings not affected by armed con- 1-3 4,5 gic and systematic tactic during armed conflict. This View- flict. In this respect, sexual violence in conflict settings is point examines why

Journal

JAMAAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 15, 2012

References