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SEQUESTRATION OF THE OSSEOUS LABYRINTH

SEQUESTRATION OF THE OSSEOUS LABYRINTH Abstract Occasionally in the course of acute and chronic suppurations of the middle ear sequestrums develop as a result of necrosis of the osseous labyrinth. This complication may appear in the course of scarlet fever, cholesteatoma, tuberculosis, diabetes, syphilis and other types of granuloma and in the case of injury to the osseous labyrinth during surgical procedures on the ear. We believe, too, that petrositis is occasionally complicated by necrosis and sequestration of the bony labyrinth. The disease occurs most often in children, but it may appear at any age. The extent may vary from slight circumscribed caries to involvement of the entire temporal bone, and even of the surrounding occipital, zygomatic and parietal bones. SYMPTOMS Pain occurs frequently, and it is usually severe. It may be due to inflammation of the adjacent periosteum or meninges or to retention of the products of suppuration and frequently disappears only on removal of References 1. Nager, F. R.: Pathology of the Labyrinthine Capsule and Its Clinical Significance , in Fowler, E. P., Jr.: Medicine of the Ear , New York, Thos. Nelson & Sons, 1939. 2. Proctor, B., and Lindsay, J. R.: Tuberculosis of the Ear , Arch. Otolaryng. 35:221-249 ( (Feb.) ) 1942.Crossref 3. Lindsay, J. R.: Suppuration in the Petrous Pyramid , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 47:3-36, 1938. 4. Bezold, F., and Siebenmann, F.: Text-Book of Otology for Physicians and Students , Chicago, E. H. Colegrove Co., 1908. 5. Politzer, A.: A Text-Book of the Diseases of the Ear , London, Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1909. 6. Kraus, L.: Felsenbeinsequestrationen im Röntgenbild , Beitr. z. Anat., Physiol., Path. u. Therap. d. Ohres 28:431-448, 1931. 7. Amersbach, K.: Ueber Sequestration im Bereich des Felsenbeins und die Bedeutung der Röntgendarstellung für deren Diagnose , Arch. f. Ohren-, Nasen- u. Kehlkopfh. 133:253-264, 1932. 8. Welin, S.: Case of Sequestration of Semicircular Canal Diagnosed by Radiography , Acta oto-laryng. 28:181-186, 1940. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

SEQUESTRATION OF THE OSSEOUS LABYRINTH

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1943 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1943.00670030834009
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Occasionally in the course of acute and chronic suppurations of the middle ear sequestrums develop as a result of necrosis of the osseous labyrinth. This complication may appear in the course of scarlet fever, cholesteatoma, tuberculosis, diabetes, syphilis and other types of granuloma and in the case of injury to the osseous labyrinth during surgical procedures on the ear. We believe, too, that petrositis is occasionally complicated by necrosis and sequestration of the bony labyrinth. The disease occurs most often in children, but it may appear at any age. The extent may vary from slight circumscribed caries to involvement of the entire temporal bone, and even of the surrounding occipital, zygomatic and parietal bones. SYMPTOMS Pain occurs frequently, and it is usually severe. It may be due to inflammation of the adjacent periosteum or meninges or to retention of the products of suppuration and frequently disappears only on removal of References 1. Nager, F. R.: Pathology of the Labyrinthine Capsule and Its Clinical Significance , in Fowler, E. P., Jr.: Medicine of the Ear , New York, Thos. Nelson & Sons, 1939. 2. Proctor, B., and Lindsay, J. R.: Tuberculosis of the Ear , Arch. Otolaryng. 35:221-249 ( (Feb.) ) 1942.Crossref 3. Lindsay, J. R.: Suppuration in the Petrous Pyramid , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 47:3-36, 1938. 4. Bezold, F., and Siebenmann, F.: Text-Book of Otology for Physicians and Students , Chicago, E. H. Colegrove Co., 1908. 5. Politzer, A.: A Text-Book of the Diseases of the Ear , London, Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1909. 6. Kraus, L.: Felsenbeinsequestrationen im Röntgenbild , Beitr. z. Anat., Physiol., Path. u. Therap. d. Ohres 28:431-448, 1931. 7. Amersbach, K.: Ueber Sequestration im Bereich des Felsenbeins und die Bedeutung der Röntgendarstellung für deren Diagnose , Arch. f. Ohren-, Nasen- u. Kehlkopfh. 133:253-264, 1932. 8. Welin, S.: Case of Sequestration of Semicircular Canal Diagnosed by Radiography , Acta oto-laryng. 28:181-186, 1940.

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1943

References