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Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Chronic Adhesive Otitis

Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Chronic Adhesive Otitis Abstract • The incidence and degree of sensorineural hearing loss were analyzed in 67 patients operated on for adhesive otitis. Median observation time was 11 years. The difference in bone conduction between the treated ear and the untreated ear was assessed for each frequency, before operation and late after operation. A sensorineural hearing impairment of 5 dB was found in the frequency region of 500 to 2,000 Hz and of 10 dB at 4,000 Hz. The hearing did not deteriorate during the postoperative period. In 76% of the patients, the bone conduction in the treated ear compared with the healthy ear was at least 10 dB poorer at one or more frequencies. There are great problems in analyzing sensorineural hearing loss in chronic otitis, which often is or has been bilateral. (Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1986;112:628-634) References 1. Turner AL, Fraser JS: The pathology of labyrinthitis: II . J Laryngol 1928;43:609-644.Crossref 2. Druss JG: Pathways of infection in labyrinthitis: Report of three different types . Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1929;9:392-403.Crossref 3. Sprowl FG: Tympanogenous purulent labyrinthitis: Report of cases . Ann Otol 1931;40:253-258. 4. Gardenghi G: Contributo allo studio della funzione cocleare nell'otite media purulenta cronica . Boll Mal Orecch 1955;73:587-606. 5. Bluvshtein GM: Audiologicheskaia kharakteristika khronicheskikh gnoinykh srednikh otitov . Vestn Otorinolaringol 1963;25:64-72. 6. Frickinger A: Die Häufigkeit der Innenohrbeteiligung bei den genuin chronischen Entzündungen des Mittelohres . Hals-Nasen Ohrenheilkd 1957;6:240-243. 7. Paparella MM, Brady DR, Hoel R: Sensorineural hearing loss in chronic otitis media and mastoiditis . Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1970;74:108-115. 8. English GM, Northern JL, Fria TJ: Chronic otitis media as a cause of sensorineural hearing loss . Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1973; 98:18-22.Crossref 9. Rice DH: Preoperative and postoperative hearing loss in chronic ear disease . Ear Nose Throat J 1976;55:287-290. 10. Húlka JH: Bone conduction changes in acute otitis media . Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1941;33:333-350.Crossref 11. Aberg K: Über die Knochenleitung bei Schalleitungsschwerhörigkeiten, insbesondere beim Tubenkatarrh . Z Laryngol Rhinol Otol 1953; 32:446-458. 12. Arnold W, Ganzer U: Seromucotympanon and bone conduction , in Münker C, Arnold W (eds): Physiology and Pathophysiology of Eustachian Tube and Middle Ear . Stuttgart, West Germany, Georg Thieme Verlag, 1981, pp 71-79. 13. Arnold W, Ganzer U, Kleinmann H: Sensorineural hearing loss in mucous otitis . Arch Otorhinolaryngol 1977;215:91-93.Crossref 14. Tos M: Individualised surgery for cholesteatoma . Indian J Otolaryngol 1983;35:29-37. 15. Dommerby H, Tos M: Sensorineural hearing loss in posttraumatic incus dislocation . Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1983;109:257-261.Crossref 16. Tos M: Stability of myringoplasty based on late results . ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 1980;42:171-181.Crossref 17. Tos M: Treatment of cholesteatoma in children: A long-term study of results . Am J Otol 1982;4:189-197. 18. Tos M: Short- and long-term results with ossiculoplasty in cholesteatomatous ears , in Sadé J (ed): Cholesteatoma and Mastoid Surgery . Amsterdam, Kugler, 1982, pp 547-558. 19. Tos M: Frequency of secretory otitis and histology of normal middle ear mucosa . Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 1979;1:241-248.Crossref 20. Tos M: Epidemiology and spontaneous improvement of secretory otitis . Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg 1983;37:31-43. 21. Tos M, Stangerup SE, Holm-Jensen S, et al: Spontaneous course of secretory otitis and changes of the eardrum . Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1984;110:281-289.Crossref 22. Paparella MM, Oda M, Hiraide F, et al: Pathology of sensorineural hearing loss in otitis media . Ann Otol 1972;81:632-647. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery American Medical Association

Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Chronic Adhesive Otitis

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1986 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0886-4470
eISSN
1538-361X
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1986.03780060040005
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • The incidence and degree of sensorineural hearing loss were analyzed in 67 patients operated on for adhesive otitis. Median observation time was 11 years. The difference in bone conduction between the treated ear and the untreated ear was assessed for each frequency, before operation and late after operation. A sensorineural hearing impairment of 5 dB was found in the frequency region of 500 to 2,000 Hz and of 10 dB at 4,000 Hz. The hearing did not deteriorate during the postoperative period. In 76% of the patients, the bone conduction in the treated ear compared with the healthy ear was at least 10 dB poorer at one or more frequencies. There are great problems in analyzing sensorineural hearing loss in chronic otitis, which often is or has been bilateral. (Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1986;112:628-634) References 1. Turner AL, Fraser JS: The pathology of labyrinthitis: II . J Laryngol 1928;43:609-644.Crossref 2. Druss JG: Pathways of infection in labyrinthitis: Report of three different types . Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1929;9:392-403.Crossref 3. Sprowl FG: Tympanogenous purulent labyrinthitis: Report of cases . Ann Otol 1931;40:253-258. 4. Gardenghi G: Contributo allo studio della funzione cocleare nell'otite media purulenta cronica . Boll Mal Orecch 1955;73:587-606. 5. Bluvshtein GM: Audiologicheskaia kharakteristika khronicheskikh gnoinykh srednikh otitov . Vestn Otorinolaringol 1963;25:64-72. 6. Frickinger A: Die Häufigkeit der Innenohrbeteiligung bei den genuin chronischen Entzündungen des Mittelohres . Hals-Nasen Ohrenheilkd 1957;6:240-243. 7. Paparella MM, Brady DR, Hoel R: Sensorineural hearing loss in chronic otitis media and mastoiditis . Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1970;74:108-115. 8. English GM, Northern JL, Fria TJ: Chronic otitis media as a cause of sensorineural hearing loss . Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1973; 98:18-22.Crossref 9. Rice DH: Preoperative and postoperative hearing loss in chronic ear disease . Ear Nose Throat J 1976;55:287-290. 10. Húlka JH: Bone conduction changes in acute otitis media . Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1941;33:333-350.Crossref 11. Aberg K: Über die Knochenleitung bei Schalleitungsschwerhörigkeiten, insbesondere beim Tubenkatarrh . Z Laryngol Rhinol Otol 1953; 32:446-458. 12. Arnold W, Ganzer U: Seromucotympanon and bone conduction , in Münker C, Arnold W (eds): Physiology and Pathophysiology of Eustachian Tube and Middle Ear . Stuttgart, West Germany, Georg Thieme Verlag, 1981, pp 71-79. 13. Arnold W, Ganzer U, Kleinmann H: Sensorineural hearing loss in mucous otitis . Arch Otorhinolaryngol 1977;215:91-93.Crossref 14. Tos M: Individualised surgery for cholesteatoma . Indian J Otolaryngol 1983;35:29-37. 15. Dommerby H, Tos M: Sensorineural hearing loss in posttraumatic incus dislocation . Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1983;109:257-261.Crossref 16. Tos M: Stability of myringoplasty based on late results . ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 1980;42:171-181.Crossref 17. Tos M: Treatment of cholesteatoma in children: A long-term study of results . Am J Otol 1982;4:189-197. 18. Tos M: Short- and long-term results with ossiculoplasty in cholesteatomatous ears , in Sadé J (ed): Cholesteatoma and Mastoid Surgery . Amsterdam, Kugler, 1982, pp 547-558. 19. Tos M: Frequency of secretory otitis and histology of normal middle ear mucosa . Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 1979;1:241-248.Crossref 20. Tos M: Epidemiology and spontaneous improvement of secretory otitis . Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg 1983;37:31-43. 21. Tos M, Stangerup SE, Holm-Jensen S, et al: Spontaneous course of secretory otitis and changes of the eardrum . Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1984;110:281-289.Crossref 22. Paparella MM, Oda M, Hiraide F, et al: Pathology of sensorineural hearing loss in otitis media . Ann Otol 1972;81:632-647.

Journal

Archives of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1986

References