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Self-regulation and Rapid Weight Gain in Children From Age 3 to 12 Years

Self-regulation and Rapid Weight Gain in Children From Age 3 to 12 Years ARTICLE Self-regulation and Rapid Weight Gain in Children From Age 3 to 12 Years Lori A. Francis, PhD; Elizabeth J. Susman, PhD Objective: To examine the extent to which self- Main Outcome Measures: Age- and sex-specific body regulatory capacities, measured behaviorally at ages 3 and mass index (BMI) z scores were calculated based on mea- 5 years, were linked to rapid weight gain in children from sured BMI at 6 points. age 3 to 12 years. Self-regulation failure, or the inability to control an impulse or behavior, has been implicated Results: Mixed-modeling analyses were used to exam- as a mechanism in the development of overweight. ine differences in the rate of weight gain over time based on the extent to which children exhibited the ability to Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. self-regulate in the behavioral procedures. Compared with children who showed high self-regulation in both be- Setting: Home and laboratory-based settings in 10 sites havioral protocols at ages 3 and 5 years, children who across the United States. exhibited a compromised ability to self-regulate had the highest BMI z scores at each point and the most rapid Participants: Data were drawn from 1061 children as gains in BMI z http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png JAMA Pediatrics American Medical Association

Self-regulation and Rapid Weight Gain in Children From Age 3 to 12 Years

JAMA Pediatrics , Volume 163 (4) – Apr 1, 2009

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright 2009 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.
ISSN
2168-6203
eISSN
2168-6211
DOI
10.1001/archpediatrics.2008.579
pmid
19349557
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

ARTICLE Self-regulation and Rapid Weight Gain in Children From Age 3 to 12 Years Lori A. Francis, PhD; Elizabeth J. Susman, PhD Objective: To examine the extent to which self- Main Outcome Measures: Age- and sex-specific body regulatory capacities, measured behaviorally at ages 3 and mass index (BMI) z scores were calculated based on mea- 5 years, were linked to rapid weight gain in children from sured BMI at 6 points. age 3 to 12 years. Self-regulation failure, or the inability to control an impulse or behavior, has been implicated Results: Mixed-modeling analyses were used to exam- as a mechanism in the development of overweight. ine differences in the rate of weight gain over time based on the extent to which children exhibited the ability to Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. self-regulate in the behavioral procedures. Compared with children who showed high self-regulation in both be- Setting: Home and laboratory-based settings in 10 sites havioral protocols at ages 3 and 5 years, children who across the United States. exhibited a compromised ability to self-regulate had the highest BMI z scores at each point and the most rapid Participants: Data were drawn from 1061 children as gains in BMI z

Journal

JAMA PediatricsAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 2009

References