Abstract Before the service of a medical social worker especially trained for work with patients in an ophthalmologic service was initiated in the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, it was decided to survey the patient group for the preceding year in order to determine what kinds of patients needed social care and how the worker could best concentrate her efforts to benefit the patients and the service. This was deemed desirable because numerous studies have shown much waste of the ophthalmologist's time in the clinic through the patient's lack of understanding of his ophthalmic conditions and, therefore, a failure to carry out the plan of treatment recommended. During the year 1940, 1,636 new patients came to the ophthalmologic clinic of the University Hospital. Of these every third patient was chosen for the study, making a total of 599. A large sample was taken in this way because it would cover References 1. Derby, G. S.: The Need of Medical Social Service in Eye Clinics , J. A. M. A. 98:394 ( (Jan. 30) ) 1932.Crossref 2. Ross, F.: A Medical Social Study of Patients Who Have Primary Glaucoma Treated at the University of Chicago Clinic, January, 1937 to January, 1940, unpublished data. 3. Standard Classification of Causes of Blindness, United States Federal Security Agency, Social Security Board, 1940. 4. Gradle, H. S., and Jensen, A. F.: The Need for Social Service Work in Glaucoma , Am. J. Ophth. 22:993-995 ( (Sept.) ) 1939.
Archives of Ophthalmology – American Medical Association
Published: Feb 1, 1943
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