Abstract SIXTY-FIVE years ago Georg Kelling, MD, a surgeon of Dresden, Germany, demonstrated that the intra-abdominal organs of a dog could be visualized by inserting a cystoscope through a small incision in the animal's anterior abdominal wall.1 The technique soon was applied to humans by Jacobaeus, and European physicians began to use what they called "laparoscopy" to aid in the diagnosis of intra-abdominal disease.2 Bertram Bernheim, MD, first reported performance of the procedure in the United States in 1910.3 He used a modified proctosigmoidoscope to carry out what he called "organoscopy." In 1920, Benjamin Orndoff, MD, coined the term "peritoneoscopy" which has become the accepted name for the procedure in this country.4 The leading proponent of peritoneoscopy in America was John Ruddock, MD, who in the 1930's designed a peritoneoscope which became the standard instrument in the United States 5 (Fig 1). European physicians have been quick References 1. Kelling, G.: Ueber Oesophagoskopie, Gastroscopie and Kolioskopie , Munchen Med Wschr 49: 21, 1902. 2. Jacobaeus, H.C.: Ueber die Moglichkeit die Zystoskopie bei Untersuchung seroser Hohlungen anzuwenden , Munchen Med Wschr 57:2090, 1910. 3. Bernheim, B.M.: Organoscopy: Cystoscopy of the Abdominal Cavity , Ann Surg 13:764, 1911.Crossref 4. Orndoff, B.H.: The Peritoneoscope in Diagnosis of Diseases of the Abdomen , J Radiol 1:307, 1920. 5. Ruddock, J.C.: Peritoneoscopy , Western J Surg 42:392, 1934. 6. Parker, G.W., and Hitzelberger, A.L.: The Status of Peritoneoscopy in the United States: A Query to 1,020 American Physicians , Gastroint Endosc 13:11-14, 1966. 7. Hitzelberger, A.L., et al: Experiences With Peritoneoscopy at Walter Reed General Hospital, 1964-1965 , Med Ann DC 35:192, 1966.
Archives of Internal Medicine – American Medical Association
Published: Aug 1, 1967