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REVIEW OF NEUROPSYCHIATRY FOR 1943

REVIEW OF NEUROPSYCHIATRY FOR 1943 Abstract MOTONEURON At the termination of every reflex arc we find a final neurone, the ultimate conductive link to an effector organ, gland, or muscle. This last link in the chain—e. g., the motoneurone-differs obviously in one important respect from the first link in the chain. It does not subserve exclusively impulses generated at one single receptive source alone, but receives impulses from many receptive sources situate in many and various regions of the body.Thus in 1904 Sherrington1 described the "final common path" of nervous impulses from anterior horn cell in the spinal cord to motor end plate in the striated muscle. On his work depends most of the knowledge of the reflex function of cord and muscle, and recent work is largely elaboration of what he began. During the last two years several important discoveries have been made in this field.In the first place, Elliott2 has References 1. Denny-Brown, D.: Selected Writings of Sir Charles Sherrington , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1940. 2. Elliott, H. C.: Am. J. Anat. 70:95, 1942.Crossref 3. Lloyd, D. P. C.: J. Neurophysiol. 4:525, 1941. 4. Lloyd, D. P. C.: J. Neurophysiol. (a) 6:111 and 143, 1943 5. 6:293 and 317, 1943. 6. McCouch, G. P.; Hughes, J., and Stewart, W. B.: J. Neurophysiol. 4:547, 1941. 7. Weiss, P.: Growth ( (supp.) ) 5:163, 1941. 8. Harrison, R. G.: Proc. Roy. Soc., London s.B 118:155, 1935.Crossref 9. Weiss, P.: Tr. Am. Neurol. A. , 1943, to be published. 10. Weiss, P., and Davis, H.: J. Neurophysiol. 6:269, 1943. 11. Young, J. Z.: Tr. Am. Neurol. A. , 1943, to be published. 12. Carey, E. J.; Zeit, W., and Massopust, L.: Am. J. Anat. 70:119, 1942Crossref 13. Wave Mechanics in Striated Muscle: Effects of Experimental Variations in Temperature and of Micro-capillarity on Cross Striations in Muscle , Arch. Path. 30:1041 ( (Nov.) ) 1940. 14. Carey, E. J.: Am. J. Path. 18:237, 1942. 15. Fulton, J. F., and Nachmansohn, D.: Science 97:569, 1943.Crossref 16. Fenn, W. O.: Muscle , in Cattell, J.: Biological Symposia , Lancaster, Pa., Jaques Cattell Press, 1941, vol. 3, p. 2. 17. Pohl, J. F., and Kenny, E.: Kenny Concept of Infantile Paralysis and Its Treatment , Minneapolis, Bruce Publishing Co., 1943. 18. Kabat, H., and Knapp, M. E.: The Use of Prostigmine in the Treatment of Poliomyelitis , J. A. M. A. 122:989 ( (Aug. 7) ) 1943.Crossref 19. Moldaver, J.: Physiopathologic Aspect of the Disorders of Muscles in Infantile Paralysis , J. A. M. A. 123:74 ( (Sept. 11) ) 1943.Crossref 20. Watkins, A.; Brazier, M. A. B., and Schwab, R. S.: Concept of Muscle Dysfunction in Poliomyelitis, Based on Electromyographic Studies , J. A. M. A. 123:188 ( (Sept. 25) ) 1943.Crossref 21. Blalock, A.; Harvey, A. M.; Ford, F. R., and Lilienthal, J. L., Jr.: Treatment of Myasthenia Gravis by Removal of Thymus Gland , J. A. M. A. 117:1529 ( (Nov. 1) ) 1941.Crossref 22. Blalock, A.; Mason, M. F.; Morgan, H. J., and Riven, S. S.: Ann. Surg. 110:544, 1939.Crossref 23. Cope, O.: Personal communication to the author. 24. Schwab, R. S., and Viets, H. R.: New England J. Med. 219:226, 1938.Crossref 25. Viets, H. R.; Schwab, R. S., and Brazier, M. A. B.: Effect of Pregnancy on Course of Myasthenia Gravis , J. A. M. A. 119:236 ( (May 16) ) 1942.Crossref 26. Strickroot, F. L.; Schaeffer, R. L., and Bergo, H. L.: Myasthenia Gravis Occurring in Infant Born of Myasthenic Mother , J. A. M. A. 120:1207 ( (Dec. 12) ) 1942.Crossref 27. Aring, C., and Cobb, S.: Medicine 14:77, 1935.Crossref 28. Harvey, A. M.; Lilienthal, J. L., Jr., and Talbot, S. A.: Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp. 69:547, 1941. 29. Ayer, J. B.: New England J. Med. 228:422, 1943.Crossref 30. Reese, H. H.; Lewis, N. D. C., and Sevringhaus, E. L.: 1942 Year Book of Neurology, Psychiatry and Endocrinology , Chicago, Year Book Publishers, Inc., 1943. 31. Murray, H. A.: Exploration in Personality , New York, Oxford University Press, 1938. 32. Rapaport, D.: Emotions and Memory , Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Company, 1942. 33. Sears, R. R.: Survey of Objective Studies of Psychoanalytic Concepts , Bulletin 51, Committee on Social Adjustment, New York, Social Science Research Council, 1942. 34. Psychoanalysis and the Scientific Method, editorial , J. A. M. A. 122:811 ( (July 17) ) 1943.Crossref 35. Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 44:1152 [ (Dec.) ] 1940 36. Child, I. L.: J. Abnorm. Psychol. 35:453, 1940. 37. Malinowski, B.: Psychoanal. Rev. 14:20, 1927. 38. Conn, J. H.: Am. J. Orthopsychiat. 10:747, 1940. 39. Terman, L. M.: Psychological Factors in Marital Happiness , New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1938. 40. Sears.30 41. Bell, S.: Am. J. Psychol. 13:325, 1902. 42. Rennie, T. A. C.: Psychiatry 6:127, 1943. 43. Gootlieb, J. S., and Huston, P. E.: Treatment of Schizophrenia: Follow-Up Results in Cases of Insulin Shock Therapy and in Control Cases , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 49:266 ( (Feb.) ) 1943. 44. Am. J. Psychiat. , to be published. 45. Cobb, S.: Review of Neuropsychiatry for 1941 , Arch. Int. Med. 68:1232 ( (Dec.) ) 1941. 46. Globus, J. H.; van Harreveld, A., and Wiersma, C. A. G.: J. Neuropath. & Exper. Neurol. 2:263, 1943. 47. Hassin, G. B.: Cerebral Changes in Fatal Cases Following Treatment with Barbital, Soluble Barbital U. S. P., Insulin and Metrazol , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 42: 679 ( (Oct.) ) 1939. 48. Cobb, S.: Review of Neuropsychiatry for 1939 , Arch. Int. Med. 64:1328 ( (Dec.) ) 1939. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Internal Medicine American Medical Association

REVIEW OF NEUROPSYCHIATRY FOR 1943

Archives of Internal Medicine , Volume 72 (6) – Dec 1, 1943

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1943 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0730-188X
DOI
10.1001/archinte.1943.00210120089009
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Abstract

Abstract MOTONEURON At the termination of every reflex arc we find a final neurone, the ultimate conductive link to an effector organ, gland, or muscle. This last link in the chain—e. g., the motoneurone-differs obviously in one important respect from the first link in the chain. It does not subserve exclusively impulses generated at one single receptive source alone, but receives impulses from many receptive sources situate in many and various regions of the body.Thus in 1904 Sherrington1 described the "final common path" of nervous impulses from anterior horn cell in the spinal cord to motor end plate in the striated muscle. On his work depends most of the knowledge of the reflex function of cord and muscle, and recent work is largely elaboration of what he began. During the last two years several important discoveries have been made in this field.In the first place, Elliott2 has References 1. Denny-Brown, D.: Selected Writings of Sir Charles Sherrington , New York, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1940. 2. Elliott, H. C.: Am. J. Anat. 70:95, 1942.Crossref 3. Lloyd, D. P. C.: J. Neurophysiol. 4:525, 1941. 4. Lloyd, D. P. C.: J. Neurophysiol. (a) 6:111 and 143, 1943 5. 6:293 and 317, 1943. 6. McCouch, G. P.; Hughes, J., and Stewart, W. B.: J. Neurophysiol. 4:547, 1941. 7. Weiss, P.: Growth ( (supp.) ) 5:163, 1941. 8. Harrison, R. G.: Proc. Roy. Soc., London s.B 118:155, 1935.Crossref 9. Weiss, P.: Tr. Am. Neurol. A. , 1943, to be published. 10. Weiss, P., and Davis, H.: J. Neurophysiol. 6:269, 1943. 11. Young, J. Z.: Tr. Am. Neurol. A. , 1943, to be published. 12. Carey, E. J.; Zeit, W., and Massopust, L.: Am. J. Anat. 70:119, 1942Crossref 13. Wave Mechanics in Striated Muscle: Effects of Experimental Variations in Temperature and of Micro-capillarity on Cross Striations in Muscle , Arch. Path. 30:1041 ( (Nov.) ) 1940. 14. Carey, E. J.: Am. J. Path. 18:237, 1942. 15. Fulton, J. F., and Nachmansohn, D.: Science 97:569, 1943.Crossref 16. Fenn, W. O.: Muscle , in Cattell, J.: Biological Symposia , Lancaster, Pa., Jaques Cattell Press, 1941, vol. 3, p. 2. 17. Pohl, J. F., and Kenny, E.: Kenny Concept of Infantile Paralysis and Its Treatment , Minneapolis, Bruce Publishing Co., 1943. 18. Kabat, H., and Knapp, M. E.: The Use of Prostigmine in the Treatment of Poliomyelitis , J. A. M. A. 122:989 ( (Aug. 7) ) 1943.Crossref 19. Moldaver, J.: Physiopathologic Aspect of the Disorders of Muscles in Infantile Paralysis , J. A. M. A. 123:74 ( (Sept. 11) ) 1943.Crossref 20. Watkins, A.; Brazier, M. A. B., and Schwab, R. S.: Concept of Muscle Dysfunction in Poliomyelitis, Based on Electromyographic Studies , J. A. M. A. 123:188 ( (Sept. 25) ) 1943.Crossref 21. Blalock, A.; Harvey, A. M.; Ford, F. R., and Lilienthal, J. L., Jr.: Treatment of Myasthenia Gravis by Removal of Thymus Gland , J. A. M. A. 117:1529 ( (Nov. 1) ) 1941.Crossref 22. Blalock, A.; Mason, M. F.; Morgan, H. J., and Riven, S. S.: Ann. Surg. 110:544, 1939.Crossref 23. Cope, O.: Personal communication to the author. 24. Schwab, R. S., and Viets, H. R.: New England J. Med. 219:226, 1938.Crossref 25. Viets, H. R.; Schwab, R. S., and Brazier, M. A. B.: Effect of Pregnancy on Course of Myasthenia Gravis , J. A. M. A. 119:236 ( (May 16) ) 1942.Crossref 26. Strickroot, F. L.; Schaeffer, R. L., and Bergo, H. L.: Myasthenia Gravis Occurring in Infant Born of Myasthenic Mother , J. A. M. A. 120:1207 ( (Dec. 12) ) 1942.Crossref 27. Aring, C., and Cobb, S.: Medicine 14:77, 1935.Crossref 28. Harvey, A. M.; Lilienthal, J. L., Jr., and Talbot, S. A.: Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp. 69:547, 1941. 29. Ayer, J. B.: New England J. Med. 228:422, 1943.Crossref 30. Reese, H. H.; Lewis, N. D. C., and Sevringhaus, E. L.: 1942 Year Book of Neurology, Psychiatry and Endocrinology , Chicago, Year Book Publishers, Inc., 1943. 31. Murray, H. A.: Exploration in Personality , New York, Oxford University Press, 1938. 32. Rapaport, D.: Emotions and Memory , Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Company, 1942. 33. Sears, R. R.: Survey of Objective Studies of Psychoanalytic Concepts , Bulletin 51, Committee on Social Adjustment, New York, Social Science Research Council, 1942. 34. Psychoanalysis and the Scientific Method, editorial , J. A. M. A. 122:811 ( (July 17) ) 1943.Crossref 35. Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 44:1152 [ (Dec.) ] 1940 36. Child, I. L.: J. Abnorm. Psychol. 35:453, 1940. 37. Malinowski, B.: Psychoanal. Rev. 14:20, 1927. 38. Conn, J. H.: Am. J. Orthopsychiat. 10:747, 1940. 39. Terman, L. M.: Psychological Factors in Marital Happiness , New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1938. 40. Sears.30 41. Bell, S.: Am. J. Psychol. 13:325, 1902. 42. Rennie, T. A. C.: Psychiatry 6:127, 1943. 43. Gootlieb, J. S., and Huston, P. E.: Treatment of Schizophrenia: Follow-Up Results in Cases of Insulin Shock Therapy and in Control Cases , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 49:266 ( (Feb.) ) 1943. 44. Am. J. Psychiat. , to be published. 45. Cobb, S.: Review of Neuropsychiatry for 1941 , Arch. Int. Med. 68:1232 ( (Dec.) ) 1941. 46. Globus, J. H.; van Harreveld, A., and Wiersma, C. A. G.: J. Neuropath. & Exper. Neurol. 2:263, 1943. 47. Hassin, G. B.: Cerebral Changes in Fatal Cases Following Treatment with Barbital, Soluble Barbital U. S. P., Insulin and Metrazol , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 42: 679 ( (Oct.) ) 1939. 48. Cobb, S.: Review of Neuropsychiatry for 1939 , Arch. Int. Med. 64:1328 ( (Dec.) ) 1939.

Journal

Archives of Internal MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: Dec 1, 1943

References