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Response Specificity Among Muscular and Autonomic Variables

Response Specificity Among Muscular and Autonomic Variables Abstract AUTONOMIC response specificity refers to the tendency in some persons to respond autonomically primarily with one organ to various kinds of stimuli. Lacey and his coworkers1,2 were among the first to note that many subjects manifest this consistent idiosyncratic pattern of autonomic arousal. It has been subsequently demonstrated, with elaborations, by Wenger, et al3 Oken et al,4 Engel,5 and Crooks and McNulty.6 Goldstein et al7 showed that response specificity applied also to the skeletal muscles, with both level and change scores considered. One purpose of this communication is to use the data reported by Shipman et al,8 to consider whether response specificity applies to the skeletal musculature in a larger population sample. Investigations of autonomic response specificity have usually stopped with the demonstration that it exists. What is the full significance of it? Do persons who overreact with a given muscle or autonomic References 1. Lacey JI, Bateman DE, Van Lehn R: Autonomic response specificity . Psychosom Med 15:8-21, 1953.Crossref 2. Lacey JI, Lacey BC: Verification and extension of the principle of autonomic response stereotypy . Amer J Psychol 71:50-73, 1958.Crossref 3. Wenger MA, Clemens TL, Coleman DR, et al: Autonomic response specificity . Psychosom Med 23:185-193, 1961.Crossref 4. Oken D, Grinker RR, Heath HA, et al: Relation of physiological response to affect expression . Arch Gen Psychiat 6:336-351, 1962.Crossref 5. Engel BT: Stimulus-response and individual response specificity . Arch Gen Psychiat 2:305-313, 1960.Crossref 6. Crooks RC, McNulty JA: Autonomic response specificity in normal and schizophrenic subjects . Canad J Phychol 20:280-295, 1966.Crossref 7. Goldstein IB, Grinker RR, Heath HA, et al: Study in psychophysiology of muscle tension: Response specificity . Arch Gen Psychiat 11:322-330, 1964.Crossref 8. Shipman WG, Oken D, Heath HA: Muscle tension and effort at self-control during anxiety . Arch Gen Psychiat 23:359-368, 1970.Crossref 9. Reich W: Character Analysis , ed 2. New York, Orgone Institute Press, 1945. 10. Kempe JE: Experimental Investigation of Relationship Between Certain Personality Characteristics and Physiological Response to Stress in a Normal Population, unpublished PhD dissertation, Michigan State University, East Lansing, 1956. 11. Heath HA, Oken D, Shipman WG: Muscle tension and personality: A serious second look . Arch Gen Psychiat 16:720-726, 1967.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of General Psychiatry American Medical Association

Response Specificity Among Muscular and Autonomic Variables

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1970 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-990X
eISSN
1598-3636
DOI
10.1001/archpsyc.1970.01750040081012
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract AUTONOMIC response specificity refers to the tendency in some persons to respond autonomically primarily with one organ to various kinds of stimuli. Lacey and his coworkers1,2 were among the first to note that many subjects manifest this consistent idiosyncratic pattern of autonomic arousal. It has been subsequently demonstrated, with elaborations, by Wenger, et al3 Oken et al,4 Engel,5 and Crooks and McNulty.6 Goldstein et al7 showed that response specificity applied also to the skeletal muscles, with both level and change scores considered. One purpose of this communication is to use the data reported by Shipman et al,8 to consider whether response specificity applies to the skeletal musculature in a larger population sample. Investigations of autonomic response specificity have usually stopped with the demonstration that it exists. What is the full significance of it? Do persons who overreact with a given muscle or autonomic References 1. Lacey JI, Bateman DE, Van Lehn R: Autonomic response specificity . Psychosom Med 15:8-21, 1953.Crossref 2. Lacey JI, Lacey BC: Verification and extension of the principle of autonomic response stereotypy . Amer J Psychol 71:50-73, 1958.Crossref 3. Wenger MA, Clemens TL, Coleman DR, et al: Autonomic response specificity . Psychosom Med 23:185-193, 1961.Crossref 4. Oken D, Grinker RR, Heath HA, et al: Relation of physiological response to affect expression . Arch Gen Psychiat 6:336-351, 1962.Crossref 5. Engel BT: Stimulus-response and individual response specificity . Arch Gen Psychiat 2:305-313, 1960.Crossref 6. Crooks RC, McNulty JA: Autonomic response specificity in normal and schizophrenic subjects . Canad J Phychol 20:280-295, 1966.Crossref 7. Goldstein IB, Grinker RR, Heath HA, et al: Study in psychophysiology of muscle tension: Response specificity . Arch Gen Psychiat 11:322-330, 1964.Crossref 8. Shipman WG, Oken D, Heath HA: Muscle tension and effort at self-control during anxiety . Arch Gen Psychiat 23:359-368, 1970.Crossref 9. Reich W: Character Analysis , ed 2. New York, Orgone Institute Press, 1945. 10. Kempe JE: Experimental Investigation of Relationship Between Certain Personality Characteristics and Physiological Response to Stress in a Normal Population, unpublished PhD dissertation, Michigan State University, East Lansing, 1956. 11. Heath HA, Oken D, Shipman WG: Muscle tension and personality: A serious second look . Arch Gen Psychiat 16:720-726, 1967.Crossref

Journal

Archives of General PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1970

References