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Reliability of Depression and Associated Clinical Symptoms

Reliability of Depression and Associated Clinical Symptoms Abstract • Interrater reliability assessments were undertaken for the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, the Raskin Depression Rating Scale, and the Degree of Mental Illness Scale. Levels of reliability ranged from "poor" to "excellent" and varied as a function of (1) temporality (assessments made at termination of clinical trial more reliable than those made at randomization into treatment) and (2) unit of scoring (factor or total scores more reliable than single-item assessments). The implications of these results may be considered in the context of further studies evaluating the efficacy of treatment interventions on reduction of symptoms of clinical depression. References 1. Hamilton M: A rating scale for depression . J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1960;23:56-62.Crossref 2. Raskin A, Schulterbrandt J, Reatig N, et al: Replication of factors of psychopathology in interview, ward behavior and self-report ratings of hospitalized depressives . J Nerv Ment Dis 1969;148:87-98.Crossref 3. Chipman A, Paykel ES: How ill is the patient at this time? Cues determining clinician's global judgments . J Consult Clin Psychol 1974;42:669-674.Crossref 4. Waldron J, Bates TJ: The management of depression in hospital: A comparative trial of desipramine and imipramine . Br J Psychiatry 1965; 111:511-516.Crossref 5. Wilson IC, Rabon AM, Merrick HA, et al: Imipramine pamoate in the treatment of depression . Psychosomatics 1966;7:251-253.Crossref 6. Schwab J, Bialow MR, Holzer CE: A comparison of two rating scales for depression . J Clin Psychol 1967;23:94-96.Crossref 7. Snaith RP, Bridge GWK, Hamilton M: The Leeds Scales for the selfassessment of anxiety and depression . Br J Psychiatry 1976;128:156-165.Crossref 8. Bech P, Gram LF, Dein E, et al: Quantitative rating of depressive states: Correlation between clinical assessment, Beck's self-rating scale and Hamilton's scale . Acta Psychiatr Scand 1975;51:161-170.Crossref 9. Burrows GD, Foenander G, Davies B, et al: Rating scales as predictors of response to tricyclic antidepressants . Aust NZ J Psychiatry 1976;10:53-56.Crossref 10. Robins AH: Depression in patients with parkinsonism . Br J Psychiatry 1976;128:141-145.Crossref 11. Knesevich JW, Biggs JT, Clayton PJ, et al: Validity of the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression . Br J Psychiatry 1977;131:49-52.Crossref 12. Hedlund JL, Vieweg BW: The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression: A comprehensive review . J Operational Psychiat 1979;10:149-165. 13. Robinson WS: The statistical measurement of agreement . Am Sociol Rev 1957;22:17-25.Crossref 14. Bartko JJ: The intraclass correlation coefficient as a measure of reliability . Psychol Rep 1966;19:3-11.Crossref 15. Bartko JJ, in corrective note: The intraclass correlation coefficient as a measure of reliability . Psychol Rep 1974;34:1-11.Crossref 16. Bartko JJ: On various intraclass correlation reliability coefficients . Psychol Bull 1976;83:762-765.Crossref 17. Bartko JJ, Carpenter WT: On the methods and theory of reliability . J Nerv Ment Dis 1976;163:307-317.Crossref 18. Prusoff BA, Klerman GL, Paykel ES: Concordance between clinical assessments and patients' self-report in depression . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1972;26:546-552.Crossref 19. Herceg-Baron RL, Prusoff BA, Weissman MM, et al: Pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy in acutely depressed patients: A study of attrition patterns in a clinical trial . Compr Psychiatry 1979;40:315-325.Crossref 20. DiMascio A, Weissman MM, Prusoff BA, et al: Differential symptom reduction by drugs and psychotherapy in acute depression . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1979;36:1450-1456.Crossref 21. Weissman MM, Prusoff BA, DiMascio A, et al: The efficacy of drugs and psychotherapy in the treatment of acute depressive episodes . Am J Psychiatry 1979;136:555-558. 22. Endicott J, Spitzer RL: A diagnostic interview: The schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1978;35:837-844.Crossref 23. Spitzer RL, Endicott J, Robins E: Research diagnostic criteria: Rationale and reliability . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1978;35:773-785.Crossref 24. Fleiss JL: Statistics for Rates and Proportions , ed 2. New York, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 1981. 25. Cohen J: A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales . Educ Psychol Meas 1960;20:37-46.Crossref 26. Cohen J: Weighted kappa: Nominal scale agreement with provision for scaled disagreement or partial credit . Psychol Bull 1968;70:213-220.Crossref 27. Fleiss JL, Cohen J, Everitt BS: Large sample standard errors of kappa and weighted kappa . Psychol Bull 1969;72:323-327.Crossref 28. Fleiss JL, Cohen J: The equivalence of weighted kappa and the intraclass correlation coefficient as measures of reliability . Educ Psychol Meas 1973;33:613-619.Crossref 29. Krippendorff K: Bivariate agreement coefficients for reliability of data , in Borgatta EG (ed): Sociological Methodology . San Francisco, Jossey-Bass Inc Publishers, 1970. 30. Cicchetti DV, Sparrow SS: Developing criteria for establishing the interrater reliability of specific items in a given inventory: Applications to the assessment of adaptive behaviors . Am J Ment Defic 1981;86:127-137. 31. Landis JR, Koch GG: The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data . Biometrics 1977;33:159-174.Crossref 32. Guy W, Cleary PA: Pretreatment status and its relationship to the length of drying-out period . Psychopharmacol Bull 1976;12:20-22. 33. Maxwell AE: Coefficients of agreement between observers and their interpretation . Br J Psychiatry 1977;130:79-83.Crossref 34. Endicott J, Cohen J, Nee J, et al: Hamilton Depression Rating Scale . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1981;38:98-103.Crossref 35. Weissman MW, Klerman GL, Prusoff BA, et al: Depressed outpatients . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1981;38:51-55.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of General Psychiatry American Medical Association

Reliability of Depression and Associated Clinical Symptoms

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1983 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-990X
eISSN
1598-3636
DOI
10.1001/archpsyc.1983.01790080069009
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • Interrater reliability assessments were undertaken for the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, the Raskin Depression Rating Scale, and the Degree of Mental Illness Scale. Levels of reliability ranged from "poor" to "excellent" and varied as a function of (1) temporality (assessments made at termination of clinical trial more reliable than those made at randomization into treatment) and (2) unit of scoring (factor or total scores more reliable than single-item assessments). The implications of these results may be considered in the context of further studies evaluating the efficacy of treatment interventions on reduction of symptoms of clinical depression. References 1. Hamilton M: A rating scale for depression . J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1960;23:56-62.Crossref 2. Raskin A, Schulterbrandt J, Reatig N, et al: Replication of factors of psychopathology in interview, ward behavior and self-report ratings of hospitalized depressives . J Nerv Ment Dis 1969;148:87-98.Crossref 3. Chipman A, Paykel ES: How ill is the patient at this time? Cues determining clinician's global judgments . J Consult Clin Psychol 1974;42:669-674.Crossref 4. Waldron J, Bates TJ: The management of depression in hospital: A comparative trial of desipramine and imipramine . Br J Psychiatry 1965; 111:511-516.Crossref 5. Wilson IC, Rabon AM, Merrick HA, et al: Imipramine pamoate in the treatment of depression . Psychosomatics 1966;7:251-253.Crossref 6. Schwab J, Bialow MR, Holzer CE: A comparison of two rating scales for depression . J Clin Psychol 1967;23:94-96.Crossref 7. Snaith RP, Bridge GWK, Hamilton M: The Leeds Scales for the selfassessment of anxiety and depression . Br J Psychiatry 1976;128:156-165.Crossref 8. Bech P, Gram LF, Dein E, et al: Quantitative rating of depressive states: Correlation between clinical assessment, Beck's self-rating scale and Hamilton's scale . Acta Psychiatr Scand 1975;51:161-170.Crossref 9. Burrows GD, Foenander G, Davies B, et al: Rating scales as predictors of response to tricyclic antidepressants . Aust NZ J Psychiatry 1976;10:53-56.Crossref 10. Robins AH: Depression in patients with parkinsonism . Br J Psychiatry 1976;128:141-145.Crossref 11. Knesevich JW, Biggs JT, Clayton PJ, et al: Validity of the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression . Br J Psychiatry 1977;131:49-52.Crossref 12. Hedlund JL, Vieweg BW: The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression: A comprehensive review . J Operational Psychiat 1979;10:149-165. 13. Robinson WS: The statistical measurement of agreement . Am Sociol Rev 1957;22:17-25.Crossref 14. Bartko JJ: The intraclass correlation coefficient as a measure of reliability . Psychol Rep 1966;19:3-11.Crossref 15. Bartko JJ, in corrective note: The intraclass correlation coefficient as a measure of reliability . Psychol Rep 1974;34:1-11.Crossref 16. Bartko JJ: On various intraclass correlation reliability coefficients . Psychol Bull 1976;83:762-765.Crossref 17. Bartko JJ, Carpenter WT: On the methods and theory of reliability . J Nerv Ment Dis 1976;163:307-317.Crossref 18. Prusoff BA, Klerman GL, Paykel ES: Concordance between clinical assessments and patients' self-report in depression . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1972;26:546-552.Crossref 19. Herceg-Baron RL, Prusoff BA, Weissman MM, et al: Pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy in acutely depressed patients: A study of attrition patterns in a clinical trial . Compr Psychiatry 1979;40:315-325.Crossref 20. DiMascio A, Weissman MM, Prusoff BA, et al: Differential symptom reduction by drugs and psychotherapy in acute depression . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1979;36:1450-1456.Crossref 21. Weissman MM, Prusoff BA, DiMascio A, et al: The efficacy of drugs and psychotherapy in the treatment of acute depressive episodes . Am J Psychiatry 1979;136:555-558. 22. Endicott J, Spitzer RL: A diagnostic interview: The schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1978;35:837-844.Crossref 23. Spitzer RL, Endicott J, Robins E: Research diagnostic criteria: Rationale and reliability . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1978;35:773-785.Crossref 24. Fleiss JL: Statistics for Rates and Proportions , ed 2. New York, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 1981. 25. Cohen J: A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales . Educ Psychol Meas 1960;20:37-46.Crossref 26. Cohen J: Weighted kappa: Nominal scale agreement with provision for scaled disagreement or partial credit . Psychol Bull 1968;70:213-220.Crossref 27. Fleiss JL, Cohen J, Everitt BS: Large sample standard errors of kappa and weighted kappa . Psychol Bull 1969;72:323-327.Crossref 28. Fleiss JL, Cohen J: The equivalence of weighted kappa and the intraclass correlation coefficient as measures of reliability . Educ Psychol Meas 1973;33:613-619.Crossref 29. Krippendorff K: Bivariate agreement coefficients for reliability of data , in Borgatta EG (ed): Sociological Methodology . San Francisco, Jossey-Bass Inc Publishers, 1970. 30. Cicchetti DV, Sparrow SS: Developing criteria for establishing the interrater reliability of specific items in a given inventory: Applications to the assessment of adaptive behaviors . Am J Ment Defic 1981;86:127-137. 31. Landis JR, Koch GG: The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data . Biometrics 1977;33:159-174.Crossref 32. Guy W, Cleary PA: Pretreatment status and its relationship to the length of drying-out period . Psychopharmacol Bull 1976;12:20-22. 33. Maxwell AE: Coefficients of agreement between observers and their interpretation . Br J Psychiatry 1977;130:79-83.Crossref 34. Endicott J, Cohen J, Nee J, et al: Hamilton Depression Rating Scale . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1981;38:98-103.Crossref 35. Weissman MW, Klerman GL, Prusoff BA, et al: Depressed outpatients . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1981;38:51-55.Crossref

Journal

Archives of General PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Sep 1, 1983

References