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REACTING CELLS IN THE BRAIN IN THE PRESENCE OF A FOREIGN BODY

REACTING CELLS IN THE BRAIN IN THE PRESENCE OF A FOREIGN BODY Abstract In attempts (by Dr. Oldberg) to obstruct the sylvian aqueduct according to the method of Dandy1 (by way of the fourth ventricle), the pledgets of cotton used for this purpose were occasionally pushed sideways into the nerve parenchyma (fig. 1). Figure 1 shows such a pledget below a transverse slit (above, at IV) representing a continuation of the fourth ventricle, which was also found to be obstructed by pledgets of cotton (in five specimens). Where the pledget of cotton obstructed the fourth ventricle, a part of the caudal part of the sylvian aqueduct was invaded. In both locations the presence of the foreign body gave rise to the formation of several varieties of reacting cells. The reacting cells were fundamentally different from those that arise around plugs of necrosed, coagulated tissue produced by plunging into the brain a hot needle, a sharp knife, a spicule of bone or a References 1. Dandy, W. E.: Experimental Hydrocephalus , Tr. Am. Surg. A. 37:397, 1919.Crossref 2. Metchnikoff, Élie: Léçons sur la pathologie comparée de l'inflammation , Paris, G. Masson, 1892. 3. Jakob, A.: Ueber die feinere Histologie der sekundären Faserdegeneration an der weissen Substanz des Rückenmarks , in Nissl, F., and Alzheimer, A.: Histologische und histopathologische Arbeiten über die Grosshirnrinde , Jena, Gustav Fischer, 1912, vol. 5, p. 1. 4. Farrar, C. B.: On the Phenomena of Repair in the Cerebral Cortex: A Study of Mesodermal and Ectodermal Activities Following the Introduction of a Foreign Body , in Nissl, F., and Alzheimer, A.: Histologische und histopathologische Arbeiten über die Grosshirnrinde , Jena, Gustav Fischer, 1908, vol, 2, p. 1. 5. del Rio Hortega, P.: Concepts histogénique, morphologique, physiologique et physio-pathologique de la microglie , Rev. neurol. 1:956, 1930. 6. del Rio Hortega, P., and Penfield, W.: Cerebral Cicatrix: Reaction of Neuroglia to Brain Wounds , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 41:278, 1927. 7. Hassin, George B.: Histologic Changes in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis , M. Rec. 91:228 ( (Feb. 10) ) 1917 8. Studies in the Pathogenesis of Multiple Sclerosis , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 7:589 ( (May) ) 1922 9. Histopathology of the Peripheral and Central Nervous Systems , Baltimore, William Wood & Company, 1933. 10. Lhermitte, J., and Schaeffer, H.: Les phénomènes réactionnels du ramollissement cérébral aseptique, leurs caractères différentiels d'avec l'encéphalite compliquée de ramollissement , Semaine méd. 30:24, 1910. 11. Roussy, G.; Lhermitte, J., and Oberling, C.: La névroglie et ses réactions pathologiques , Rev. neurol. 1:878, 1930. 12. Asua, F. J.: Die Mikroglia (Hortegasche Zellen) und das reticulo-endotheliale System , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 109:354, 1927. 13. Gozanno, Mario: Quelques observations de la microglie , Rev. neurol. 1:1024, 1930. 14. Visintini, Fabio: Sur l'indentité morphologique de la microglie avec d'autres éléments histocytaires , Rev. neurol. 1:986, 1930. 15. King, Lester R.: Vital Staining of Microglia , Arch. Path. 19:656 ( (May) ) 1935. 16. Macklin, C. C., and Macklin, M. T.: A Study on Brain Repair in the Rat by the Use of Trypan Blue with Special Reference to the Vital Staining of the Macrophages , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 3:353 ( (April) ) 1920. 17. Rachmanoff, A.: Beiträge zur vitalen Färbung des Zentralnervensystems , Folia neurobiol. 7:750, 1913. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

REACTING CELLS IN THE BRAIN IN THE PRESENCE OF A FOREIGN BODY

Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry , Volume 36 (2) – Aug 1, 1936

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1936 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1936.02260080003001
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract In attempts (by Dr. Oldberg) to obstruct the sylvian aqueduct according to the method of Dandy1 (by way of the fourth ventricle), the pledgets of cotton used for this purpose were occasionally pushed sideways into the nerve parenchyma (fig. 1). Figure 1 shows such a pledget below a transverse slit (above, at IV) representing a continuation of the fourth ventricle, which was also found to be obstructed by pledgets of cotton (in five specimens). Where the pledget of cotton obstructed the fourth ventricle, a part of the caudal part of the sylvian aqueduct was invaded. In both locations the presence of the foreign body gave rise to the formation of several varieties of reacting cells. The reacting cells were fundamentally different from those that arise around plugs of necrosed, coagulated tissue produced by plunging into the brain a hot needle, a sharp knife, a spicule of bone or a References 1. Dandy, W. E.: Experimental Hydrocephalus , Tr. Am. Surg. A. 37:397, 1919.Crossref 2. Metchnikoff, Élie: Léçons sur la pathologie comparée de l'inflammation , Paris, G. Masson, 1892. 3. Jakob, A.: Ueber die feinere Histologie der sekundären Faserdegeneration an der weissen Substanz des Rückenmarks , in Nissl, F., and Alzheimer, A.: Histologische und histopathologische Arbeiten über die Grosshirnrinde , Jena, Gustav Fischer, 1912, vol. 5, p. 1. 4. Farrar, C. B.: On the Phenomena of Repair in the Cerebral Cortex: A Study of Mesodermal and Ectodermal Activities Following the Introduction of a Foreign Body , in Nissl, F., and Alzheimer, A.: Histologische und histopathologische Arbeiten über die Grosshirnrinde , Jena, Gustav Fischer, 1908, vol, 2, p. 1. 5. del Rio Hortega, P.: Concepts histogénique, morphologique, physiologique et physio-pathologique de la microglie , Rev. neurol. 1:956, 1930. 6. del Rio Hortega, P., and Penfield, W.: Cerebral Cicatrix: Reaction of Neuroglia to Brain Wounds , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 41:278, 1927. 7. Hassin, George B.: Histologic Changes in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis , M. Rec. 91:228 ( (Feb. 10) ) 1917 8. Studies in the Pathogenesis of Multiple Sclerosis , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 7:589 ( (May) ) 1922 9. Histopathology of the Peripheral and Central Nervous Systems , Baltimore, William Wood & Company, 1933. 10. Lhermitte, J., and Schaeffer, H.: Les phénomènes réactionnels du ramollissement cérébral aseptique, leurs caractères différentiels d'avec l'encéphalite compliquée de ramollissement , Semaine méd. 30:24, 1910. 11. Roussy, G.; Lhermitte, J., and Oberling, C.: La névroglie et ses réactions pathologiques , Rev. neurol. 1:878, 1930. 12. Asua, F. J.: Die Mikroglia (Hortegasche Zellen) und das reticulo-endotheliale System , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 109:354, 1927. 13. Gozanno, Mario: Quelques observations de la microglie , Rev. neurol. 1:1024, 1930. 14. Visintini, Fabio: Sur l'indentité morphologique de la microglie avec d'autres éléments histocytaires , Rev. neurol. 1:986, 1930. 15. King, Lester R.: Vital Staining of Microglia , Arch. Path. 19:656 ( (May) ) 1935. 16. Macklin, C. C., and Macklin, M. T.: A Study on Brain Repair in the Rat by the Use of Trypan Blue with Special Reference to the Vital Staining of the Macrophages , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 3:353 ( (April) ) 1920. 17. Rachmanoff, A.: Beiträge zur vitalen Färbung des Zentralnervensystems , Folia neurobiol. 7:750, 1913.

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1936

References