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Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis Caused by Histoplasma capsulatum

Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis Caused by Histoplasma capsulatum Abstract Previously reported cases of Histoplasma capsulatum infection of prosthetic heart valves have been first diagnosed at autopsy. A patient had an H capsulatum infection that was diagnosed by serologic means 1½ years before involvement of the patient's prosthetic mitral valve was found at surgery. Numerous previous attempts to demonstrate organisms by culture and histologic study of bone marrow and liver biopsy specimens were unsuccessful. Various serologic tests were used in the diagnosis and evaluation of treatment of H capsulatum endocarditis. The management of this case was compared with 29 other previously reported cases of endocarditis caused by H capsulatum. (Arch Intern Med 1981;141:1533-1537) References 1. McLeod R, Remington JS: Fungal endocarditis , in Rahimtoola SH (ed): Infective Endocarditis. New York, Grune & Stratton Inc, 1977, pp 211-290. 2. Broders AC, Dochat GR, Herrell WE, et al: Histoplasmosis producing vegetative endocarditis. JAMA 1943;122:489-492.Crossref 3. Kemper JW, Bloom HJ: Histoplasmosis: Report of a case. J Oral Surg 1944;2:167-172. 4. Parsons RJ, Zarafonetis CJD: Histoplasmosis in man. Arch Intern Med 1945;75:1-23.Crossref 5. Beamer PR, Reinhard EM, Goodof II: Vegetative endocarditis caused by higher bacteria and fungi. Am Heart J 1945;29:99-112.Crossref 6. Fawell WN, Browns HL, Ernstene AC: Vegetative endocarditis due to Histoplasma capsulatum. Cleve Clin Q 1951;18:305-309.Crossref 7. Merchant RK, Louria DB, Geisler PH, et al: Fungal endocarditis: Review of the literature and report of three cases. Ann Intern Med 1958;48:242-266.Crossref 8. Haust MD, Wlodek GK, Parker JO: Histoplasma endocarditis. Am J Med 1962;32:460-466.Crossref 9. Derby BM, Collidge K, Rogers DE: Histoplasma capsulatum endocarditis with major arterial embolism. Arch Intern Med 1962;110:101-107.Crossref 10. Palmer RL, Geraci JE, Thomas BJ: Histoplasma endocarditis. Arch Intern Med 1962;110:359-365.Crossref 11. Korns ME: Coincidence of mycotic (Histoplasma capsulatum) vegetative endocarditis of the mitral valve and the Lutembacher syndrome. Circulation 1965;32:589-592.Crossref 12. Gerber HJ, Schoonmaker FW, Vasquez MD: Chronic meningitis associated with Histoplasma endocarditis. N Engl J Med 1966;275-74-76.Crossref 13. Hartley RA, Remsberg JRS, Sinacy NP: Histoplasma endocarditis. Arch Intern Med 1967;119:527-531.Crossref 14. Drutz DJ, Spickard A, Rogers DE, et al: Treatment of disseminated mycotic infections. Am J Med 1978;45:405-418.Crossref 15. Weaver DK, Batsakis JG, Nishiyama RH: Histoplasma endocarditis. Arch Surg 1968;96:158-162.Crossref 16. Segal C, Wheeler CG, Tompsett R: Histoplasma endocarditis cured with amphotericin. N Engl J Med 1969;280:206-207.Crossref 17. Canlas MS, Dillon ML: Histoplasma capsulatum endocarditis: Report of a case following heart surgery. Angiology 1977;28:454-463.Crossref 18. Rogers EW, Weyman AE, Noble RJ, et al: Left atrial myxoma infected with Histoplasma capsulatum. Am J Med 1978;64:683-690.Crossref 19. Kauffman CA, Israel KS, Smith JW, et al: Histoplasmosis in immunosuppressed patients. Am J Med 1978;64:923-932.Crossref 20. Riehl G: Durch Pathogene sprosspilze bedingle Granuloma. Arch Dermatol Syphilol 1925;148:392-398.Crossref 21. Wood WB, Moore RA: Case reports of Barnes Hospital: Case 22. J Mo Med Assoc 1943;40:251-254. 22. Binford CH: Histoplasmosis: Tissue reactions and morphologic variations of the fungus. Am J Clin Pathol 1955;25:25-36. 23. Sulack MH: Clinicopathologic conference. US Armed Forces Med J 1957;8:70-81. 24. Moore M: Morphologic variation in tissue of organisms of the blastomycosis and of histoplasmosis. Am J Pathol 1955;31:1049-1063. 25. Berman B: Histoplasmosis endocarditis. Mount Sinai Hosp J 1960; 9:4-9. 26. Smith JW, Utz UP: Progressive disseminated histoplasmosis: A prospective study of 26 patients. Ann Intern Med 1972;76:557-565.Crossref 27. Alexander WJ, Mowry RW, Cobbs CG, et al: Prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Histoplasma capsulatum. JAMA 1979;242:1399-1400.Crossref 28. Buechner HA, Seabury JH, Campbell LL, et al: The current status of serologic, immunologic and skin tests in the diagnosis of pulmonary disease. Chest 1973;63:259-270.Crossref 29. Salvin SB: Current concepts in diagnostic serology and skin hypersensitivity in the mycoses. Am J Med 1959;27:97-114.Crossref 30. Sweet GH, Comprich RS, Cook AC, et al: Antibodies in histoplasmosis detected by use of yeast and mycelial antigens in immunodiffusion and electroimmunodiffusion. Am Rev Respir Dis 1979;120:441-449. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Internal Medicine American Medical Association

Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis Caused by Histoplasma capsulatum

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1981 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9926
eISSN
1538-3679
DOI
10.1001/archinte.1981.00340120141030
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract Previously reported cases of Histoplasma capsulatum infection of prosthetic heart valves have been first diagnosed at autopsy. A patient had an H capsulatum infection that was diagnosed by serologic means 1½ years before involvement of the patient's prosthetic mitral valve was found at surgery. Numerous previous attempts to demonstrate organisms by culture and histologic study of bone marrow and liver biopsy specimens were unsuccessful. Various serologic tests were used in the diagnosis and evaluation of treatment of H capsulatum endocarditis. The management of this case was compared with 29 other previously reported cases of endocarditis caused by H capsulatum. (Arch Intern Med 1981;141:1533-1537) References 1. McLeod R, Remington JS: Fungal endocarditis , in Rahimtoola SH (ed): Infective Endocarditis. New York, Grune & Stratton Inc, 1977, pp 211-290. 2. Broders AC, Dochat GR, Herrell WE, et al: Histoplasmosis producing vegetative endocarditis. JAMA 1943;122:489-492.Crossref 3. Kemper JW, Bloom HJ: Histoplasmosis: Report of a case. J Oral Surg 1944;2:167-172. 4. Parsons RJ, Zarafonetis CJD: Histoplasmosis in man. Arch Intern Med 1945;75:1-23.Crossref 5. Beamer PR, Reinhard EM, Goodof II: Vegetative endocarditis caused by higher bacteria and fungi. Am Heart J 1945;29:99-112.Crossref 6. Fawell WN, Browns HL, Ernstene AC: Vegetative endocarditis due to Histoplasma capsulatum. Cleve Clin Q 1951;18:305-309.Crossref 7. Merchant RK, Louria DB, Geisler PH, et al: Fungal endocarditis: Review of the literature and report of three cases. Ann Intern Med 1958;48:242-266.Crossref 8. Haust MD, Wlodek GK, Parker JO: Histoplasma endocarditis. Am J Med 1962;32:460-466.Crossref 9. Derby BM, Collidge K, Rogers DE: Histoplasma capsulatum endocarditis with major arterial embolism. Arch Intern Med 1962;110:101-107.Crossref 10. Palmer RL, Geraci JE, Thomas BJ: Histoplasma endocarditis. Arch Intern Med 1962;110:359-365.Crossref 11. Korns ME: Coincidence of mycotic (Histoplasma capsulatum) vegetative endocarditis of the mitral valve and the Lutembacher syndrome. Circulation 1965;32:589-592.Crossref 12. Gerber HJ, Schoonmaker FW, Vasquez MD: Chronic meningitis associated with Histoplasma endocarditis. N Engl J Med 1966;275-74-76.Crossref 13. Hartley RA, Remsberg JRS, Sinacy NP: Histoplasma endocarditis. Arch Intern Med 1967;119:527-531.Crossref 14. Drutz DJ, Spickard A, Rogers DE, et al: Treatment of disseminated mycotic infections. Am J Med 1978;45:405-418.Crossref 15. Weaver DK, Batsakis JG, Nishiyama RH: Histoplasma endocarditis. Arch Surg 1968;96:158-162.Crossref 16. Segal C, Wheeler CG, Tompsett R: Histoplasma endocarditis cured with amphotericin. N Engl J Med 1969;280:206-207.Crossref 17. Canlas MS, Dillon ML: Histoplasma capsulatum endocarditis: Report of a case following heart surgery. Angiology 1977;28:454-463.Crossref 18. Rogers EW, Weyman AE, Noble RJ, et al: Left atrial myxoma infected with Histoplasma capsulatum. Am J Med 1978;64:683-690.Crossref 19. Kauffman CA, Israel KS, Smith JW, et al: Histoplasmosis in immunosuppressed patients. Am J Med 1978;64:923-932.Crossref 20. Riehl G: Durch Pathogene sprosspilze bedingle Granuloma. Arch Dermatol Syphilol 1925;148:392-398.Crossref 21. Wood WB, Moore RA: Case reports of Barnes Hospital: Case 22. J Mo Med Assoc 1943;40:251-254. 22. Binford CH: Histoplasmosis: Tissue reactions and morphologic variations of the fungus. Am J Clin Pathol 1955;25:25-36. 23. Sulack MH: Clinicopathologic conference. US Armed Forces Med J 1957;8:70-81. 24. Moore M: Morphologic variation in tissue of organisms of the blastomycosis and of histoplasmosis. Am J Pathol 1955;31:1049-1063. 25. Berman B: Histoplasmosis endocarditis. Mount Sinai Hosp J 1960; 9:4-9. 26. Smith JW, Utz UP: Progressive disseminated histoplasmosis: A prospective study of 26 patients. Ann Intern Med 1972;76:557-565.Crossref 27. Alexander WJ, Mowry RW, Cobbs CG, et al: Prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Histoplasma capsulatum. JAMA 1979;242:1399-1400.Crossref 28. Buechner HA, Seabury JH, Campbell LL, et al: The current status of serologic, immunologic and skin tests in the diagnosis of pulmonary disease. Chest 1973;63:259-270.Crossref 29. Salvin SB: Current concepts in diagnostic serology and skin hypersensitivity in the mycoses. Am J Med 1959;27:97-114.Crossref 30. Sweet GH, Comprich RS, Cook AC, et al: Antibodies in histoplasmosis detected by use of yeast and mycelial antigens in immunodiffusion and electroimmunodiffusion. Am Rev Respir Dis 1979;120:441-449.

Journal

Archives of Internal MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1981

References