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PROGRESSIVE DEGENERATIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY: OCCURRENCE IN INFANCY, WITH ANTENATAL ONSET SIMULATING SWAYBACK OF LAMBS; REPORT OF A CASE

PROGRESSIVE DEGENERATIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY: OCCURRENCE IN INFANCY, WITH ANTENATAL ONSET SIMULATING... Abstract The data reported here may prove to be of importance in throwing additional light on the problem of Schilder's disease and related demyelinating or degenerative encephalopathies. It may also help to explain some of the clinical syndromes often attributed to birth trauma. "Swayback" in lambs has been shown by Innes and Shearer1 to be of antenatal development, and even in those cases in which the condition was manifested at a considerable time after birth the defect probably began in utero. Innes and Shearer stated that "rarely only one of twin lambs was observed to be affected at birth, but in such cases the other often showed symptoms later in life. When only one of twin lambs is visibly affected at birth we do not know whether the other lamb remains permanently free from symptoms." There are many clinical and pathologic similarities between "swayback" and Schilder's disease, the latter being References 1. Innes, J. R. M., and Shearer, G. D.: "Swayback": A Demyelinating Disease of Lambs with Affinities to Schilder's Encephalitis in Man , J. Comp. Path. & Therap. 53:1, 1940. 2. Mackay, R. P.: Congenital Demyelinating Encephalopathy , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 43:111 ( (Jan.) ) 1940. 3. Schilder, P.: Zur Kenntnis der sogenannten diffusen Sklerose (Ueber Encephalitis periaxialis diffusa) , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 10:1, 1912. 4. Krabbe, K.: Beitrag zur Kenntnis des Frühstadien der diffusen Hirnsklerose , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 20:108, 1913. 5. Pelizaeus, F.: Ueber eine eigenthümliche Form spastische Lähmung mit Cerebralerscheinungen auf hereditärer Grundlage (multiple Sklerose) , Arch. f. Psychiat. 16:698, 1885. 6. Merzbacher, L.: Eine eigenartige familiärhereditäre Erkrankungsform (Aplasia axialis extracorticalis congenita) , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 3:1, 1910. 7. Virchow, R.: Kongenitale Encephalitis und Myelitis , Virchows Arch. f. path. Anat. 38:1291867. 8. Hermel H.: Ueber einen Fall von Encephalomyelomalacia chronica diffusa bei einem vierjährigen Kinde , Deutsche Ztschr. f. Nervenh. 68:335, 1921. 9. Flatau, E.: Encephaloleucopathia scleroticans progressiva , Encéphale 20: 475, 1925. 10. Ferraro, A.: Primary Demyelinating Processes of the Central Nervous System , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 37:1100 ( (May) ) 1937. 11. Globus, J. H., and Strauss, I.: Progressive Degenerative Subcortical Encephalopathy (Schilder's Disease) , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 20:1190 ( (Dec.) ) 1928. 12. Russell, D. A., and Tallerman, K. H.: Familial Progressive Diffuse Cerebral Sclerosis of Infants , Arch. Dis. Childhood 12:71, 1937. 13. His, W., cited by Keibel, F., and Mall, F. P.: Human Embryology , Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1912, vol. 2, p. 106. 14. Flechsig, P.: Anatomie des menschlichen Gehirns und Rückenmarks auf myelogenetischer Grundlage , Leipzig, Georg Thieme, 1920, vol. 1. 15. Keene, M. F. L., and Hewer, E. E.: Some Observations of Myelination in the Human Central Nervous System , J. Anat. 66:1, 1931. 16. Stewart, W. L.: Swingback (Ataxia in Lambs) , Vet. J. 88:133, 1932. 17. Bennetts, H. W.: Enzootic Ataxia of Lambs in Western Australia , Australian Vet. J. 8:137 and 183, 1932. 18. Collier, J.: The Pathogenesis of Cerebral Diplegia , Brain 47:1, 1924. 19. Heyman, C. H.: Infantile Cerebral Palsy (Spastic Paralysis): Discussion on Etiology , J. A. M. A. 111:493 ( (Aug. 6) ) 1938. 20. Brocher, J. E. W.: Polyporencephalie , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 142:107, 1932. 21. Hallervorden, J.: Kreislaufstörungen in der Aetiologie der angeborenen Schwachsinns , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 167:527, 1939. 22. Patten, C. A.: Cerebral Birth Conditions, with Special Reference to Cerebral Diplegia , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 25:453 ( (March) ) 1931. 23. Jakob, C., and Scaravelli, A.: A propósito de un caso de ocho hermanos con idiocia, sordomudez y cuadriplejía espasmódica familiar , Rev. neurol. de Buenos Aires 5:283, 1940. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

PROGRESSIVE DEGENERATIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY: OCCURRENCE IN INFANCY, WITH ANTENATAL ONSET SIMULATING SWAYBACK OF LAMBS; REPORT OF A CASE

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1942 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1942.02290070064005
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract The data reported here may prove to be of importance in throwing additional light on the problem of Schilder's disease and related demyelinating or degenerative encephalopathies. It may also help to explain some of the clinical syndromes often attributed to birth trauma. "Swayback" in lambs has been shown by Innes and Shearer1 to be of antenatal development, and even in those cases in which the condition was manifested at a considerable time after birth the defect probably began in utero. Innes and Shearer stated that "rarely only one of twin lambs was observed to be affected at birth, but in such cases the other often showed symptoms later in life. When only one of twin lambs is visibly affected at birth we do not know whether the other lamb remains permanently free from symptoms." There are many clinical and pathologic similarities between "swayback" and Schilder's disease, the latter being References 1. Innes, J. R. M., and Shearer, G. D.: "Swayback": A Demyelinating Disease of Lambs with Affinities to Schilder's Encephalitis in Man , J. Comp. Path. & Therap. 53:1, 1940. 2. Mackay, R. P.: Congenital Demyelinating Encephalopathy , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 43:111 ( (Jan.) ) 1940. 3. Schilder, P.: Zur Kenntnis der sogenannten diffusen Sklerose (Ueber Encephalitis periaxialis diffusa) , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 10:1, 1912. 4. Krabbe, K.: Beitrag zur Kenntnis des Frühstadien der diffusen Hirnsklerose , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 20:108, 1913. 5. Pelizaeus, F.: Ueber eine eigenthümliche Form spastische Lähmung mit Cerebralerscheinungen auf hereditärer Grundlage (multiple Sklerose) , Arch. f. Psychiat. 16:698, 1885. 6. Merzbacher, L.: Eine eigenartige familiärhereditäre Erkrankungsform (Aplasia axialis extracorticalis congenita) , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 3:1, 1910. 7. Virchow, R.: Kongenitale Encephalitis und Myelitis , Virchows Arch. f. path. Anat. 38:1291867. 8. Hermel H.: Ueber einen Fall von Encephalomyelomalacia chronica diffusa bei einem vierjährigen Kinde , Deutsche Ztschr. f. Nervenh. 68:335, 1921. 9. Flatau, E.: Encephaloleucopathia scleroticans progressiva , Encéphale 20: 475, 1925. 10. Ferraro, A.: Primary Demyelinating Processes of the Central Nervous System , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 37:1100 ( (May) ) 1937. 11. Globus, J. H., and Strauss, I.: Progressive Degenerative Subcortical Encephalopathy (Schilder's Disease) , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 20:1190 ( (Dec.) ) 1928. 12. Russell, D. A., and Tallerman, K. H.: Familial Progressive Diffuse Cerebral Sclerosis of Infants , Arch. Dis. Childhood 12:71, 1937. 13. His, W., cited by Keibel, F., and Mall, F. P.: Human Embryology , Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1912, vol. 2, p. 106. 14. Flechsig, P.: Anatomie des menschlichen Gehirns und Rückenmarks auf myelogenetischer Grundlage , Leipzig, Georg Thieme, 1920, vol. 1. 15. Keene, M. F. L., and Hewer, E. E.: Some Observations of Myelination in the Human Central Nervous System , J. Anat. 66:1, 1931. 16. Stewart, W. L.: Swingback (Ataxia in Lambs) , Vet. J. 88:133, 1932. 17. Bennetts, H. W.: Enzootic Ataxia of Lambs in Western Australia , Australian Vet. J. 8:137 and 183, 1932. 18. Collier, J.: The Pathogenesis of Cerebral Diplegia , Brain 47:1, 1924. 19. Heyman, C. H.: Infantile Cerebral Palsy (Spastic Paralysis): Discussion on Etiology , J. A. M. A. 111:493 ( (Aug. 6) ) 1938. 20. Brocher, J. E. W.: Polyporencephalie , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 142:107, 1932. 21. Hallervorden, J.: Kreislaufstörungen in der Aetiologie der angeborenen Schwachsinns , Ztschr. f. d. ges. Neurol. u. Psychiat. 167:527, 1939. 22. Patten, C. A.: Cerebral Birth Conditions, with Special Reference to Cerebral Diplegia , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 25:453 ( (March) ) 1931. 23. Jakob, C., and Scaravelli, A.: A propósito de un caso de ocho hermanos con idiocia, sordomudez y cuadriplejía espasmódica familiar , Rev. neurol. de Buenos Aires 5:283, 1940.

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jul 1, 1942

References