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PROGRESS IN ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY FOR 1940: A REVIEW PREPARED BY AN EDITORIAL BOARD OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEONS

PROGRESS IN ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY FOR 1940: A REVIEW PREPARED BY AN EDITORIAL BOARD OF THE AMERICAN... Abstract VII. INFANTILE PARALYSIS General Considerations. —Members of the medical profession and laymen as well are becoming more interested in poliomyelitis owing to the interest of many lay organizations and to the activities of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, such as grants in aid of research work, publications, special training of nurses and physical therapeutists and establishment of research fellowships for physicians.During 1940 confirmation of the transmission of poliomyelitis to animals other than man and the monkey has been reported, and evidence demonstrating the alimentary tract as a pathway of entrance of the virus and spread of the disease has been adduced. Discussion of the use of hot moist applications during the acute stage of the disease has been reopened. There is an increasing trend of thought away from absolute, continuous, rigid immobilization of joints. Indirect laboratory evidence that a disease caused by a neurotropic virus can be successfully References 1. Zichis, J., and Shaughnessy, H. J.: Experimental Western Equine Encephalomyelitis: Successful Treatment with Hyperimmune Rabbit Serum , J. A. M. A. 115:1071-1078 ( (Sept. 28) ) 1940.Crossref 2. Aycock, W. L.: Subclinical Endocrinology as a Factor in Autarceologic Susceptibility to Poliomyelitis , Endocrinology 27:49-57 ( (July) ) 1940.Crossref 3. Trask, J. D.; Paul, J. R., and Vignec, A. J.: Poliomyelitis Virus in Human Stools , J. Exper. Med. 71:751-763 ( (June) ) 1940.Crossref 4. Paul, J. R.; Trask, J. D., and Gard, S.: Poliomyelitis Virus in Urban Sewage , J. Exper. Med. 71:765-777 ( (June) ) 1940.Crossref 5. Sabin, A. B.: Olfactory Bulbs in Human Poliomyelitis , Am. J. Dis. Child. 60:1313-1318 ( (Dec.) ) 1940. 6. Lillie, R. 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C., Jr.: Operative Treatment of Neurotrophic Joints , Urol. & Cutan. Rev. 44:592-594 ( (Sept.) ) 1940. 48. Conley, A. H., and Miller, D. S.: Atrophic Charcot Hips: Report of Five Cases , J. Bone & Joint Surg. 22:638-644 ( (July) ) 1940. 49. Phelps, W. M.: Treatment of Cerebral Palsies , J. Bone & Joint Surg. 22:1004-1012 ( (Oct.) ) 1940. 50. Sirkin, J.: Five Years Work with Cerebral Palsy: Critical Analysis , Psychiatric Quart. 14:185-193 ( (Jan.) ) 1940. 51. Burman, M. S.: Clinical Experiences with Some Curare Preparations and Curare Substitutes , J. Pharmacol. & Exper. Therap. 69:143-148 ( (June) ) 1940. 52. Bennett, A. E.: Preventing Traumatic Complications in Convulsive Shock Therapy by Curare , J. A. M. A. 114:322-324 ( (Jan. 27) ) 1940. 53. Pusitz, M. E.; Lattimore, J. L.; Gold, J. L., and Ebendorf, H.: Biologic and Biochemical Studies of Curare: Preliminary Report , J. Kansas M. Soc. 41:374-379 ( (Sept.) ) 1940. 54. 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H., and Karp, M.: Fractures in Region of Elbow in Children: End-Result Study , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 71:643-649 ( (Nov.) ) 1940. 69. Van Gorder, G. W.: Surgical Approach in Supracondylar "T" Fractures of Humerus Requiring Open Reduction , J. Bone & Joint Surg. 22:278-292 ( (April) ) 1940. 70. Jackson, J. A.: Simple Anterior Dislocation of Elbow Joint with Rupture of Brachial Artery; Case Report , Am. J. Surg. 47:479-486 ( (Feb.) ) 1940. 71. Griesemer, W. D.: External Lateral Dislocation of Elbow , Am. J. Surg. 47:57-70 ( (Jan.) ) 1940. 72. Speed, J. S., and Boyd, H. B.: Treatment of Fractures of Ulna with Dislocation of Head of Radius (Monteggia Fracture) , J. A. M. A. 115:1699-1705 ( (Nov. 16) ) 1940. 73. Key, J. A.: Common Problems in Surgical Diagnosis: Treatment of Complete Fractures of Both Bones of Forearm , S. Clin. North America 20:1393-1412 ( (Oct.) ) 1940. 74. Hyman, G., and Martin, F. R. R.: Dislocation of Inferior Radio-Ulnar Joint as Complication of Fracture of Radius , Brit. J. Surg. 27:481-491 ( (Jan.) ) 1940. 75. Fisher, D., and Segal, J.: Injuries of Wrist , Mil. Surgeon 86:134-142 ( (Feb.) ) 1940. 76. Thorndike, A., Jr., and Garrey, W. E.: Fractures of Carpal Scaphoid , New England J. Med. 222:827-830 ( (May 16) ) 1940. 77. McNealy, R. W., and Lichtenstein, M. E.: Fractures of Bones of Hand , Am. J. Surg. 50:563-570 ( (Dec.) ) 1940. 78. Maynard, R. L.: Reduction of Fractures of Acetabulum with Penetration of Head of Femur into Pelvis: Report of Three Cases , Rhode Island M. J. 23:150-153 ( (Sept.) ) 1940. 79. De Yoe, L. E.: Suggested Improvement to Allis' Method of Reduction of Posterior Dislocation of Hip , Ann. Surg. 112:127-129 ( (July) ) 1940. 80. Walker, W. A.: Traumatic Dislocations of Hip Joint , Am. J. Surg. 50:545-549 ( (Dec.) ) 1940. 81. Moore, A. T., and Green, J. 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W.: Spontaneous Dislocation of Atlanto-Axial Articulation, Including Report of Case with Quadriplegia , J. Bone & Joint Surg. 22:698-707 ( (July) ) 1940. 102. Hanflig, S. S., and Schlosberg, C.: Nontraumatic Dislocation of Atlanto-Axial Joint , New England J. Med. 223:713-716 ( (Oct. 31) ) 1940. 103. Hall, R. D. M.: Clay-Shoveler's Fracture , J. Bone & Joint Surg. 22:63-75 ( (Jan.) ) 1940. 104. Eastwood, W. J., and Jefferson, G.: Discussion on Fractures and Dislocation of Cervical Vertebrae , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 33:651-660 ( (Aug.) ) 1940. 105. Greeley, cited by Eastwood and Jefferson.306 106. Conwell, H. E.: Compression Fractures of Spine , Mississippi Doctor 18:183-189 ( (Sept.) ) 1940. 107. Parnall, E.: Simple Method of Reduction and Fixation of Compression Fractures of Spine , J. Bone & Joint Surg. 22:1072-1074 ( (Oct.) ) 1940. 108. 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PROGRESS IN ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY FOR 1940: A REVIEW PREPARED BY AN EDITORIAL BOARD OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEONS

Archives of Surgery , Volume 43 (4) – Oct 1, 1941

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American Medical Association
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Copyright © 1941 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
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0004-0010
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1538-3644
DOI
10.1001/archsurg.1941.01210160106014
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Abstract

Abstract VII. INFANTILE PARALYSIS General Considerations. —Members of the medical profession and laymen as well are becoming more interested in poliomyelitis owing to the interest of many lay organizations and to the activities of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, such as grants in aid of research work, publications, special training of nurses and physical therapeutists and establishment of research fellowships for physicians.During 1940 confirmation of the transmission of poliomyelitis to animals other than man and the monkey has been reported, and evidence demonstrating the alimentary tract as a pathway of entrance of the virus and spread of the disease has been adduced. Discussion of the use of hot moist applications during the acute stage of the disease has been reopened. There is an increasing trend of thought away from absolute, continuous, rigid immobilization of joints. 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Furst, W.: Force Required to Crush Vertebrae: Its Probable Mechanical Relation to Postmetrazol Fracture , Psychiatric Quart. 14:397-402 ( (April) ) 1940. 109. Friedman, E.; Brett, A. L., and Vogt, E. C.: Compressions of Vertebral Bodies During Convulsive Therapy: Preliminary Note Regarding Their Prevention , New England J. Med. 222:704-710 ( (April 25) ) 1940. 110. Orr, H. W.: Treatment of Compound Fractures, with Special Reference to Military Surgical Procedures , Arch. Surg. 40:825-837 ( (May) ) 1940. 111. Trueta, J., and Barnes, J. M.: Rationale of Complete Immobilization in Treatment of Infected Wounds , Brit. M. J. 2:46-48 ( (July 13) ) 1940. 112. Baillat, G.: Therapy of War Fractures by Occlusive Plaster Apparatus , Rev. d'orthop. 26:656-663, 1940. 113. d'Harcourt, J.; Folch Pi, A., and Oriol Angeura, A.: Closed Plaster Method of Treatment: Account of Its Use During Spanish War , Brit. M. J. 1:652-654 ( (April 20) ) 1940. 114. Key, J. A., and Burford, T. 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Journal

Archives of SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1941

References