Abstract In 1933 Busacca1 reported the finding of minute bodies which he believed were rickettsias in conjunctival epithelial cells and in the mononuclear cells of trachoma follicles. Similar findings were later reported by Cuénod and Nataf ,2 Poleff3 and Foley and Parrot,4 but unlike Busacca, these investigators identified the bodies with the elementary and initial bodies of the epithelial cell inclusion (Halberstädter and Prowazek). Complicating this interpretation, however, was the fact that they described the bodies as occurring abundantly in the follicles (both free and in the cytoplasm of mononuclear cells), a site at which the inclusion bodies have never been known to occur. In the course of my studies on the epithelial cell inclusion body of trachoma, a large number of preparations from epithelial scrapings stained by Giemsa's method and expressed follicular material were examined for micro-organisms of the Rickettsia group. Except for the elementary and References 1. Busacca, A.: Sulla presenza di germi simuli a Rickettsie nei tissuti trachomatosi , Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 91:277, 1933 2. Ueber das Verhandensein von Rickettsian-ähnlichen Körperchen in den trachomatösen Geweben und über das Vorkommen von spezifischen Veränderungen in Organen von mit Trachom-Virus geimpften Tieren , Arch. f. Ophth. 133:41, 1934 3. Un germe aux caractères de rickettsies (Rickettsia trachomae) dans les tissus trachomateux , Arch. d'opht. 52:567, 1935 4. Is Trachoma a Rickettsial Disease? Arch. Ophth. 17:117 ( (Jan.) ) 1937.Crossref 5. Cuénod, A.: Note préliminaire sur la présence d'éléments infra-microbiens dans les follicules trachomateux , Arch. d'opht. 52:145, 1935. 6. Cuénod, A., and Nataf, R.: Deuxième note sur la présence d'éléments infra-microbiens dans les follicules trachomateux , Arch. d'opht. 52:573, 1935 7. Troisième note sur l'agent bactérien du trachome , Cuénod Arch. d'opht. 53:218, 1936. 8. Poleff, L.: Culture des Rickettsias du trachome in vitro , Arch. d'opht. 53:882, 1936. 9. Foley, H., and Parrot, L.: Sur la Rickettsia du trachome , Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 124:230, 1937. 10. Jackson, C.: The Microscopic Diagnosis of Heartwater: A Preliminary Note on the Value of Intima Smears , in Seventeenth Report of the Director of Veterinary Services and Animal Industry , Union of South Africa, August 1931, p. 161. 11. Coles, J. D. W. A.: A Rickettsia-Like Organism in the Conjunctiva of Sheep , in Seventeenth Report of the Director of Veterinary Services and Animal Industry , Union of South Africa, 1931, pp. 175-186 12. An Unknown Intracellular Organism of the Conjunctival Epithelium of Sheep , Coles Seventeenth Report of the Director of Veterinary Services and Animal Industry 1931, pp. 187-189 13. J. South Africa Vet. M. A. 7:4, 1936. 14. In a personal communication, L. Parrot stated that in his opinion Cuénod and Nataf had confused with Rickettsia simple alterations of the cytoplasm of cells of the trachomatous follicles. 15. Busacca, A.: Méthode simple et rapide au bleu victoria pour la demonstration des rickettsies du trachome , Folia clin. et biol. 7:253, 1935.
Archives of Ophthalmology – American Medical Association
Published: Jul 1, 1938
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