Abstract Earlier authors frequently described any rapidly growing, highly cellular intracranial tumor as a "sarcoma." Inadequate clinical and microscopic descriptions, doubtful photomicrographs, the failure to make proper use of special stains, incomplete postmortem examinations, and, especially, the use of multiple synonyms for the same type of tumor makes it very difficult to review the pertinent literature on this subject. More recent discussions are in agreement on one point, however, which is that if one restricts the use of the term "sarcoma" to malignant mesodermal tumors they are very uncommon indeed intracranially. Thus, they made up only 0.7% of 2023 brain tumors in Cushing's1 series and less than 1% of Olivecrona's 2 even larger series of 4188 cerebral neoplasms. True cerebral sarcomas occur usually as focal tumor masses (isolated or multiple) with or without local involvement of the overlying meninges. They may also begin in the periadventitial tissue of the lepto References 1. Cushing, H.: Intracranial Tumors: Notes upon a Series of 2000 Verified Cases with Surgical Mortality Percentages Pertaining There To , Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1932. 2. Olivecrona, H.: The Cerebellar Angioreticulomas , J. Neurosurg. 9:317, 1952.Crossref 3. Jackson, H., Jr., and Parker, F., Jr.: Primary Reticulum Cell Sarcoma of Bone , Surg. Gynec. & Obst. 68:45-53, 1939. 4. Sparling, H. J.; Adams, R. D., and Parker, F., Jr.: Involvement of the Nervous System by Malignant Lymphoma , Medicine 26:285-332, 1947. 5. Whisnant, J. P.; Siekert, R. G., and Sayre, G. P.: Neurologic Manifestations of the Lymphomas , M. Clin. North America 40:1151-1161, 1956. 6. Abbott, K. H., and Kernohan, J. W.: Primary Sarcomas of the Brain , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 50:43-66, 1943. 7. Liu, C. T., and Selbach, G.: Primary Sarcoma of the Leptomeninges , J. Neuropath. & Exper. Neurol. 12:186-193, 1953. 8. Nichols, P., Jr., and Wagner, J. A.: Intracranial Sarcoma , J. Neuropath. & Exper. Neurol. 11:214-234, 1952. 9. Hsü, Y. K.: Primary Intracranial Sarcomas , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 43:901-924, 1940. 10. Bailey, P.: Intracranial Sarcomatous Tumors of Leptomeningeal Origin , Arch. Surg. 18:1359-1402, 1929. 11. Hanbery, J. W., and Dugger, G. S.: Perithelial Sarcoma of the Brain , A. M. A. Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 71:732-761, 1954. 12. Russell, D. S.; Marshall, A. H. E., and Smith, F. B.: Microgliomatosis: A Form of Reticulosis Affecting the Brain , Brain 71:1-15, 1948. 13. Kinney, T. D., and Adams, R. D.: Reticulum Cell Sarcoma of the Brain , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 50:552-564, 1943. 14. Troland, E. C.; Sahyoun, P. F., and Mandeville, F. B.: Primary Mesenchymal Tumors of the Brain, So-Called Reticulum Cell Sarcoma , J. Neuropath. & Exper. Neurol. 9:322-334, 1950. 15. Losli, E. J.: Primary Intracerebral Reticulum Cell Sarcoma , A. M. A. Arch. Path. 61:322-328, 1956. 16. Bailey, P.: Intracranial Tumors , Ed. 2, Springfield, Ill., Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1948, pp. 138-142. 17. Moossy, J., and Sorrell, W. B.: Reticulum Cell Sarcoma of the Brain , Ochsner Clin. Rep. 11:15-24 ( (July) ) 1956. 18. Clinico-Pathologic Conference , Am. J. Med. 14:736-744, 1953. 19. Allison, R. S., and Gordon, D. S.: Reticulosis of the Nervous System Simulating Acute Infective Polyneuritis , Lancet 2:120-122, 1955. 20. Cooper, T., and Childs, D. S., Jr.: Current Status of Treatment for Malignant Lymphomas , M. Clin. North America 40:1133-1140, 1956.
A.M.A. Archives of Internal Medicine – American Medical Association
Published: Feb 1, 1958