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Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum: Report of Four Cases and Review of Literature

Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum: Report of Four Cases and Review... Abstract Idiopathic omental infarction is one of the rare causes of acute abdomen which is usually not diagnosed preoperatively, but found unexpectedly on exploration of the abdomen. This disease, though rare, is important to the surgeon becauses it mimics the common causes of acute abdomen. The first case of omental infarction was reported by Bush6 in 1896. Other terms used to describe this clinical entity are acute segmental infarction, omental infarction, omental segmental infarction, spontaneous infarction of the greater omentum, hemorrhagic infarction of the greater omentum, thrombosis of the omentum, hemorrhage into the greater omentum, primary omental torsion, omental volvulus, acute epiploitis, etc. It is our opinion that the most correct term for this disease is "primary idiopathic segmental infarction of the greater omentum." Wrizeresinski et al.43 postulated the following criteria which are required for every case: 1. The infarction of the greater omentum must be idiopathic, of no References 1. Alecce, A. A.; Sullivan, S. G., and Ashworth, W.: Spontaneous Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Omentum , Ann. Surg. 142:316, 1955.Crossref 2. Bang-Dietrichson, O.: A Case of Infarct in Greater Omentum , Nord. med. 12:3413, 1941. 3. Bauman, A., and Hoffert, P. W.: Idiopathic Infarction of the Omentum: Report of 2 Cases , Ann. Int. Med. 42:342, 1954. 4. Berger, A. R.: Hemorrhagic Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Arch. Surg. 36:497, 1938.Crossref 5. Bohan, E. B.: Omental Infarction , Delaware M.J. 30:119, 1958. 6. Bush, P.: A Case of Hemorrhage into the Greater Omentum , Lancet 1:286, 1896.Crossref 7. Infarction of Portion of Greater Omentum (Cabot Case 28061) , New England J. Med. 226:237, 1942.Crossref 8. Cagney, M. S., and Milroy, G.: Idiopathic Infarction of the Omentum , Brit. J. Surg. 35:95, 1947.Crossref 9. Catanzaro, F. P., and Farley, J. E., Jr.: Omental Segmental Infarction: A Report of 2 Cases in Children , J. Pediat. 40:240, 1952.Crossref 10. Cave, W. H.: Primary Idiopathic Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Illinois M.J. 102:130, 1952. 11. Durando, A. C.: Primary Infarct of the Greater Omentum , Bol. Soc. cir. Rosario 12:175, 1945. 12. Eberts, E. M.: Case of Spontaneous Hemorrhage from the Greater Omentum , Canad. M.A.J. 10:461, 1920. 13. Eger, S. A., and Barto, R. E., Jr.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Am. J. Surg. 78:518, 1949.Crossref 14. Eliason, E. L., and Johnson, J.: Primary Acute Epiploitis , Surgery , 6:68, 1939. 15. Graham, J. A., and Levinson, S. A.: Omental Apoplexy: Idiopathic Segmented Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Am. J. Digest. Dis. 17:114, 1950.Crossref 16. Hallstrand, D. E.: Primary Omental Infarction , Am. J. Surg. 87:563, 1954.Crossref 17. Harris, F. I.; Diller, T., and Marcus, S. A.: Hemorrhagic Infarction of the Greater Omentum Simulating Acute Appendicitis: A Report of 2 Cases , Surgery 23:206, 1948. 18. Higgins, G. A.: Idiopathic Spontaneous Segmental Infarction of the Omentum , A.M.A. Arch. Surg. 64:395, 1952.Crossref 19. Hines, L. E.: Hemorrhagic Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Illinois M.J. 66:166, 1943. 20. Hinshaw, D. B., and Stafford, C. E.: Idiopathic Segmental Infarction in a Child , California Med. 85:339, 1956. 21. Hood, R. T., Jr., and Geraci, J. E.: Infarction of Omentum Simulating Acute Cholecystitis: Report of Case , Proc. Staff Meet. Mayo Clinic 28:296, 1953. 22. Hunter, C. H.: Hematoma or Apoplexy of the Omentum , Northwest. Lancet 24:228, 1904. 23. Johnson, A. H.: The Greater Omentum and Omental Thrombosis , Northwest Med. 31:285, 1932. 24. Joss, C. S., and Pratt, J. H.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Minnesota Med. 31:996, 1948. 25. Kerdasha, R.: Idiopathic Spontaneous Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Ann. Surg. 137:419, 1953.Crossref 26. Leitner, M. J.; Jordan, C. G.; Spinner, M. H., and Reese, E. C.: Torsion, Infarction and Hemorrhage of the Omentum as a Cause of Abdominal Distress , Ann. Surg. 135:103, 1952.Crossref 27. MacKenzie, W. C., and Small, J.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Canad. M.A.J. 55:144, 1946. 28. Manfredi, D. H.: Omental Segmental Infarction in Infancy: Report of Case , Arch. Pediat. 67:247, 1950. 29. Mitchner, J. S.: Omental Infarction , Surgery 36:1148, 1954. 30. Nixon, W. C. W.: Hematoma of the GastroColic Omentum , Brit. M.J. 1:797, 1932.Crossref 31. O'Beirn, S. F.: Primary Infarction of the Greater Omentum , J. Irish M.A. 36:24, 1955. 32. Pines, B., and Rabinovitch, J.: Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of Greater Omentum , Surg. Gynec. & Obst. 71:80, 1940. 33. Rachlin, S. A.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of Greater Omentum , J. Internat. Coll. Surgeons 19:359, 1953. 34. Rose, T. F.: Primary Acute Inflammation and Primary Idiopathic Infarction of the Greater Omentum , M.J. Australia 2:278, 1955. 35. Schaff, B., and Stephenson, H. U., Jr.: Omental Infarction Simulating Acute Appendicitis , North Carolina M.J. 10:361, 1949. 36. Schottenfeld, L. E., and Rubinstein, H.: Hemorrhage and Thrombosis of the Omentum: Their Etiology in the Acute Abdomen , Am. J. Surg. 51:449, 1941. 37. Seley, G. P.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Hemorrhagic Infarction of the Greater Omentum , J. Mt. Sinai Hosp. 17:523, 1951. 38. Shea, C. J.; Power, F. A., and Spellman, J. W.: Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum: Report of 6 Cases and Review of the Literature , New England J. Med. 254:263, 1956. 39. Sinow, G. S.: Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Am. J. Digest. Dis. 20:43, 1953. 40. Tille, R. J., Jr.: Idiopathic Segmental Hemorrhagic Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Ann. Surg. 138:279, 1953. 41. Totten, H. P.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Am. J. Surg. 56:676, 1942.Crossref 42. Viar, W. N.; Donald, J. M., and Berery, K.: Idiopathic Omental Infarction , Ann. Surg. 146:876, 1957.Crossref 43. Wrizeresinski, I. T.; Firestone, S. D., and Walske, B. R.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction , Surgery 39:663, 1956. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives Surgery American Medical Association

Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum: Report of Four Cases and Review of Literature

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1959 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6908
DOI
10.1001/archsurg.1959.04320110040007
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Abstract

Abstract Idiopathic omental infarction is one of the rare causes of acute abdomen which is usually not diagnosed preoperatively, but found unexpectedly on exploration of the abdomen. This disease, though rare, is important to the surgeon becauses it mimics the common causes of acute abdomen. The first case of omental infarction was reported by Bush6 in 1896. Other terms used to describe this clinical entity are acute segmental infarction, omental infarction, omental segmental infarction, spontaneous infarction of the greater omentum, hemorrhagic infarction of the greater omentum, thrombosis of the omentum, hemorrhage into the greater omentum, primary omental torsion, omental volvulus, acute epiploitis, etc. It is our opinion that the most correct term for this disease is "primary idiopathic segmental infarction of the greater omentum." Wrizeresinski et al.43 postulated the following criteria which are required for every case: 1. The infarction of the greater omentum must be idiopathic, of no References 1. Alecce, A. A.; Sullivan, S. G., and Ashworth, W.: Spontaneous Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Omentum , Ann. Surg. 142:316, 1955.Crossref 2. Bang-Dietrichson, O.: A Case of Infarct in Greater Omentum , Nord. med. 12:3413, 1941. 3. Bauman, A., and Hoffert, P. W.: Idiopathic Infarction of the Omentum: Report of 2 Cases , Ann. Int. Med. 42:342, 1954. 4. Berger, A. R.: Hemorrhagic Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Arch. Surg. 36:497, 1938.Crossref 5. Bohan, E. B.: Omental Infarction , Delaware M.J. 30:119, 1958. 6. Bush, P.: A Case of Hemorrhage into the Greater Omentum , Lancet 1:286, 1896.Crossref 7. Infarction of Portion of Greater Omentum (Cabot Case 28061) , New England J. Med. 226:237, 1942.Crossref 8. Cagney, M. S., and Milroy, G.: Idiopathic Infarction of the Omentum , Brit. J. Surg. 35:95, 1947.Crossref 9. Catanzaro, F. P., and Farley, J. E., Jr.: Omental Segmental Infarction: A Report of 2 Cases in Children , J. Pediat. 40:240, 1952.Crossref 10. Cave, W. H.: Primary Idiopathic Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Illinois M.J. 102:130, 1952. 11. Durando, A. C.: Primary Infarct of the Greater Omentum , Bol. Soc. cir. Rosario 12:175, 1945. 12. Eberts, E. M.: Case of Spontaneous Hemorrhage from the Greater Omentum , Canad. M.A.J. 10:461, 1920. 13. Eger, S. A., and Barto, R. E., Jr.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Am. J. Surg. 78:518, 1949.Crossref 14. Eliason, E. L., and Johnson, J.: Primary Acute Epiploitis , Surgery , 6:68, 1939. 15. Graham, J. A., and Levinson, S. A.: Omental Apoplexy: Idiopathic Segmented Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Am. J. Digest. Dis. 17:114, 1950.Crossref 16. Hallstrand, D. E.: Primary Omental Infarction , Am. J. Surg. 87:563, 1954.Crossref 17. Harris, F. I.; Diller, T., and Marcus, S. A.: Hemorrhagic Infarction of the Greater Omentum Simulating Acute Appendicitis: A Report of 2 Cases , Surgery 23:206, 1948. 18. Higgins, G. A.: Idiopathic Spontaneous Segmental Infarction of the Omentum , A.M.A. Arch. Surg. 64:395, 1952.Crossref 19. Hines, L. E.: Hemorrhagic Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Illinois M.J. 66:166, 1943. 20. Hinshaw, D. B., and Stafford, C. E.: Idiopathic Segmental Infarction in a Child , California Med. 85:339, 1956. 21. Hood, R. T., Jr., and Geraci, J. E.: Infarction of Omentum Simulating Acute Cholecystitis: Report of Case , Proc. Staff Meet. Mayo Clinic 28:296, 1953. 22. Hunter, C. H.: Hematoma or Apoplexy of the Omentum , Northwest. Lancet 24:228, 1904. 23. Johnson, A. H.: The Greater Omentum and Omental Thrombosis , Northwest Med. 31:285, 1932. 24. Joss, C. S., and Pratt, J. H.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Minnesota Med. 31:996, 1948. 25. Kerdasha, R.: Idiopathic Spontaneous Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Ann. Surg. 137:419, 1953.Crossref 26. Leitner, M. J.; Jordan, C. G.; Spinner, M. H., and Reese, E. C.: Torsion, Infarction and Hemorrhage of the Omentum as a Cause of Abdominal Distress , Ann. Surg. 135:103, 1952.Crossref 27. MacKenzie, W. C., and Small, J.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Canad. M.A.J. 55:144, 1946. 28. Manfredi, D. H.: Omental Segmental Infarction in Infancy: Report of Case , Arch. Pediat. 67:247, 1950. 29. Mitchner, J. S.: Omental Infarction , Surgery 36:1148, 1954. 30. Nixon, W. C. W.: Hematoma of the GastroColic Omentum , Brit. M.J. 1:797, 1932.Crossref 31. O'Beirn, S. F.: Primary Infarction of the Greater Omentum , J. Irish M.A. 36:24, 1955. 32. Pines, B., and Rabinovitch, J.: Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of Greater Omentum , Surg. Gynec. & Obst. 71:80, 1940. 33. Rachlin, S. A.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of Greater Omentum , J. Internat. Coll. Surgeons 19:359, 1953. 34. Rose, T. F.: Primary Acute Inflammation and Primary Idiopathic Infarction of the Greater Omentum , M.J. Australia 2:278, 1955. 35. Schaff, B., and Stephenson, H. U., Jr.: Omental Infarction Simulating Acute Appendicitis , North Carolina M.J. 10:361, 1949. 36. Schottenfeld, L. E., and Rubinstein, H.: Hemorrhage and Thrombosis of the Omentum: Their Etiology in the Acute Abdomen , Am. J. Surg. 51:449, 1941. 37. Seley, G. P.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Hemorrhagic Infarction of the Greater Omentum , J. Mt. Sinai Hosp. 17:523, 1951. 38. Shea, C. J.; Power, F. A., and Spellman, J. W.: Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum: Report of 6 Cases and Review of the Literature , New England J. Med. 254:263, 1956. 39. Sinow, G. S.: Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Am. J. Digest. Dis. 20:43, 1953. 40. Tille, R. J., Jr.: Idiopathic Segmental Hemorrhagic Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Ann. Surg. 138:279, 1953. 41. Totten, H. P.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction of the Greater Omentum , Am. J. Surg. 56:676, 1942.Crossref 42. Viar, W. N.; Donald, J. M., and Berery, K.: Idiopathic Omental Infarction , Ann. Surg. 146:876, 1957.Crossref 43. Wrizeresinski, I. T.; Firestone, S. D., and Walske, B. R.: Primary Idiopathic Segmental Infarction , Surgery 39:663, 1956.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Nov 1, 1959

References