ORIGINAL ARTICLE Prevalence of Mental Health Problems and Functional Impairment Among Active Component and National Guard Soldiers 3 and 12 Months Following Combat in Iraq Jeffrey L. Thomas, PhD; Joshua E. Wilk, PhD; Lyndon A. Riviere, PhD; Dennis McGurk, PhD; Carl A. Castro, PhD; Charles W. Hoge, MD Context: A growing body of literature has demon- Interventions: Between 2004 and 2007, anonymous strated the association of combat in Iraq and Afghani- mental health surveys were collected at 3 and 12 months following deployment. stan with postdeployment mental health problems, par- ticularly posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Main Outcome Measures: Current PTSD, depres- depression. However, studies have shown varying preva- sion, functional impairment, alcohol misuse, and aggres- lence rates of these disorders based on different case defi- sive behavior. nitions and have not assessed functional impairment, al- cohol misuse, or aggressive behavior as comorbid factors Results: Prevalence rates for PTSD or depression with occurring with PTSD and depression. serious functional impairment ranged between 8.5% and 14.0%, with some impairment between 23.2% and 31.1%. Objectives: To (1) examine the prevalence rates of de- Alcohol misuse or aggressive behavior comorbidity was pression and PTSD using several case definitions includ- present in approximately
JAMA Psychiatry – American Medical Association
Published: Jun 1, 2010
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