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Presbyopia

Presbyopia Abstract Presbyopia, fresbyopia—who cares! Look up Donders' table, if you have not already memorized it, and give them reading glasses. "It's old age creeping up on you, Mr Jones. Welcome to the club! Here's your prescription. There's nothing else we can do about it." Well, maybe there isn't. But how can we know that when some textbooks still attribute presbyopia to some unknown entity of "lenticular sclerosis" and the word "presbyopia" is conspicuous in subject indexes of research journals only by its absence? This issue of the Archives represents a rare exception, containing a highly relevant article by Lutjen-Drecoll and colleagues1 on aging changes in ciliary muscle structure and responsiveness. See also p 1591. Before we address the implications of this contribution, we must briefly consider some assumptions that may account for the remarkable lack of research on the seemingly unique vulnerability of our accommodative mechanism to aging. The reader References 1. Lutjen-Drecoll E, Tamm E, Kaufman PL: Age-related loss of morphologic responses to pilocarpine in rhesus monkey ciliary muscle . Arch Ophthalmol 1988;106:1591-1598.Crossref 2. Bito LZ, Miranda OC: Presbyopia: The need for a closer look , in Stark L, Obrech G (eds): Presbyopia: Recent Research and Reviews From the Third International Symposium . New York, Churchill/Professional Press, 1987, pp 411-429. 3. Bito LZ, Miranda OC: Presbyopia: Comparative and evolutionary perspectives . Atti Fond G Ronchi 1985;40:58-97. 4. Bito LZ, Miranda OC: Accommodation and presbyopia, in Reinecke RD (ed): Ophthalmology Annual. New York, Raven Press, in press. 5. The National Advisory Eye Council: Vision Research, A National Plan, 1987 Evaluation and Update . Bethesda, Md, National Institutes of Health, 1987. 6. Bito LZ, DeRousseau CJ, Kaufman PL, et al: Age-dependent loss of accommodative amplitude in rhesus monkeys: An animal model for presbyopia . Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1982;23:23-31. 7. Kaufman PL, Bito LZ, DeRousseau CJ: The development of presbyopia in primates . Trans Ophthalmol Soc UK 1982;102:323-326. 8. Bito LZ, Kaufman PL, DeRousseau CJ, et al: Presbyopia: An animal model and experimental approaches for the study of the mechanism of accommodation and ocular aging . Eye 1987;1:222-230.Crossref 9. Neider MW, Crawford K, True B, et al: Functional studies of accommodation and presbyopia in rhesus monkeys . Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1986;27( (suppl) ):81. 10. Bito LZ, Kaufman PL, Neider M, et al: The dynamics of accommodation (ciliary muscle contraction, zonular relaxation and lenticular deformation) as a function of stimulus strength and age in iridectomized rhesus eyes . Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1987;28( (suppl) ):318. 11. Miranda OC, Bito LZ, Kaufman PL: Ocular aging and presbyopia: Comparison of the functional aging of the iridial and ciliary muscles . Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1988;29( (suppl) ):76. 12. Bito LZ, Harding CV: Patterns of cellular organization and cell division in the epithelium of the cultured lens . Exp Eye Res 1965;4:146-161.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1988 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1988.01060140694036
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Presbyopia, fresbyopia—who cares! Look up Donders' table, if you have not already memorized it, and give them reading glasses. "It's old age creeping up on you, Mr Jones. Welcome to the club! Here's your prescription. There's nothing else we can do about it." Well, maybe there isn't. But how can we know that when some textbooks still attribute presbyopia to some unknown entity of "lenticular sclerosis" and the word "presbyopia" is conspicuous in subject indexes of research journals only by its absence? This issue of the Archives represents a rare exception, containing a highly relevant article by Lutjen-Drecoll and colleagues1 on aging changes in ciliary muscle structure and responsiveness. See also p 1591. Before we address the implications of this contribution, we must briefly consider some assumptions that may account for the remarkable lack of research on the seemingly unique vulnerability of our accommodative mechanism to aging. The reader References 1. Lutjen-Drecoll E, Tamm E, Kaufman PL: Age-related loss of morphologic responses to pilocarpine in rhesus monkey ciliary muscle . Arch Ophthalmol 1988;106:1591-1598.Crossref 2. Bito LZ, Miranda OC: Presbyopia: The need for a closer look , in Stark L, Obrech G (eds): Presbyopia: Recent Research and Reviews From the Third International Symposium . New York, Churchill/Professional Press, 1987, pp 411-429. 3. Bito LZ, Miranda OC: Presbyopia: Comparative and evolutionary perspectives . Atti Fond G Ronchi 1985;40:58-97. 4. Bito LZ, Miranda OC: Accommodation and presbyopia, in Reinecke RD (ed): Ophthalmology Annual. New York, Raven Press, in press. 5. The National Advisory Eye Council: Vision Research, A National Plan, 1987 Evaluation and Update . Bethesda, Md, National Institutes of Health, 1987. 6. Bito LZ, DeRousseau CJ, Kaufman PL, et al: Age-dependent loss of accommodative amplitude in rhesus monkeys: An animal model for presbyopia . Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1982;23:23-31. 7. Kaufman PL, Bito LZ, DeRousseau CJ: The development of presbyopia in primates . Trans Ophthalmol Soc UK 1982;102:323-326. 8. Bito LZ, Kaufman PL, DeRousseau CJ, et al: Presbyopia: An animal model and experimental approaches for the study of the mechanism of accommodation and ocular aging . Eye 1987;1:222-230.Crossref 9. Neider MW, Crawford K, True B, et al: Functional studies of accommodation and presbyopia in rhesus monkeys . Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1986;27( (suppl) ):81. 10. Bito LZ, Kaufman PL, Neider M, et al: The dynamics of accommodation (ciliary muscle contraction, zonular relaxation and lenticular deformation) as a function of stimulus strength and age in iridectomized rhesus eyes . Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1987;28( (suppl) ):318. 11. Miranda OC, Bito LZ, Kaufman PL: Ocular aging and presbyopia: Comparison of the functional aging of the iridial and ciliary muscles . Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1988;29( (suppl) ):76. 12. Bito LZ, Harding CV: Patterns of cellular organization and cell division in the epithelium of the cultured lens . Exp Eye Res 1965;4:146-161.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Nov 1, 1988

References